Alexander Nove, FRSE, FBA (born Aleksandr Yakovlevich Novakovsky; Russian: Алекса́ндр Я́ковлевич Новако́вский; also published under Alec Nove; 24 November 1915 – 15 May 1994) was a Professor of Economics at the University of Glasgow and a noted authority on Russian and Soviet economic history. According to Ian D. Thatcher, "[T]he consensus is that he was one of the most significant scholars of 'Soviet' studies in its widest sense and beyond."
Alexander Nove was born in Saint Petersburg, Russia. He attended King Alfred School in London and received a BSc in Economics from the London School of Economics in 1936. The school later made him an Honorary Fellow in 1982.
He served in the Army between 1939 and 1946. From 1947 to 1958, he worked in Civil Service, mainly the Board of Trade. He was a Reader in Russian Social and Economic Studies at the University of London from 1958 to 1963 and Professor of Economics at the University of Glasgow from 1963 to 1982. He was then Emeritus Professor and Honorary Senior Research Fellow at Glasgow until his death in 1994.
In 1951 he married Irene MacPherson, his second marriage. Nove died in Voss, Norway and was survived by three sons: Perry and David, from his first marriage, and Charles Nove (born 1960), a broadcaster.
- The Soviet Economy (1961)
- (with J. A. Newth) The Soviet Middle East (1965)
- Was Stalin Really Necessary? (1965)
- Economic History of the USSR (1969, 3rd edn 1993)
- (ed. with D. M. Nuti) Socialist Economics (1972)
- Efficiency Criteria for Nationalised Industries (1973)
- Stalinism and After (1976)
- The Soviet Economic System (1977, 3rd edn 1986)
- Political Economy and Soviet Socialism (1979)
- The Economics of Feasible Socialism (1983)
- Socialism, Economics and Development (1986)
- Glasnost in Action (1989)
- Economics of Feasible Socialism Revisited (1991)
- Studies in Economics and Russia (1991)
- An Economic History of the USSR 1917-1991 (London, Penguin 1992)
- (ed.) The Stalin Phenomenon (1993)
- Archie Brown and Alec Cairncross, "Alec Nove, 1915-1994: An Appreciation", Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 49, No. 3, 1997, pp. 627–641; Brown, Archie. "Nove, Alexander". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/55233. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.); Biography at the University of Glasgow
- Ian D. Thatcher, "Alec Nove: a bibliographical tribute - Soviet Studies scholar", Europe-Asia Studies, December 1995.
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