Alfred Chester (September 7, 1928 – August 1, 1971) was an American writer known for his provocative, experimental work, including the novels Jamie Is My Heart's Desire and The Exquisite Corpse and the short story collection Behold Goliath.
Chester was born in Flatbush in Brooklyn, New York. X-rays used to treat childhood illness left him bald, and he wore a wig, which though noticeable was not something that people felt comfortable mentioning. He was educated at Orthodox Jewish yeshiva. He attended New York University where he met fellow writers Cynthia Ozick (who later wrote about him in her book Fame & Folly), Sol Yurick and Edward Field (who wrote "The Man Who Would Marry Susan Sontag" which has many chapters dedicated to the biography and literary career of Alfred Chester). He attended graduate school at Columbia University but dropped out. He lived in France for most of the 1950s as an openly gay man. In 1952 his essay "Silence in Heaven" was published in Marguerite Caetani's literary review Botteghe oscure. (Caetani was the U.S.-born wife of an Italian nobleman.) Chester wrote a pornographic novel, Chariot of Flesh for Olympia Press using the pseudonym Malcolm Nesbit.
His first collection of short stories, Here Be Dragons, was published in 1955. His novel Jamie Is My Heart's Desire was initially published in French translation, then in an English edition by the British publisher André Deutsch, only later appearing in the United States. With Caetani's support he received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1957. His short story As I Was Going Up the Stair was included in Best American Short Stories.
Starting in 1959, his short fiction was published in magazines such as The New Yorker, Esquire, Transatlantic Review. His literary criticism appeared in New York Review of Books, Partisan Review, and Commentary. He returned to the United States and met Susan Sontag through Harriet Sohmers and Maria Irene Fornes.
Chester moved to Morocco in 1963. His short story collection Behold Goliath was published in 1964, and his novel The Exquisite Corpse was published in 1967. He associated with Paul Bowles and Jane Bowles while in Morocco, but eventually had a falling out with them. Increasingly, his behaviour was made erratic by a combination of mental illness and drug use. He died in Israel in 1971. His later writing was published posthumously in collections such as Looking for Genet.
- Jordison, Sam (2007-01-19), "Smugging up on forgotten authors", The Guardian, retrieved 2007-07-17
- Field, Edward (2005), The Man Who Would Marry Susan Sontag, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, ISBN 0-299-21320-X
- Barolini, Helen, "The Shadowy Lady of the Street of Dark Shops", Virginia Quarterly Review (Spring 1998)
- John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation 1957 Fellows Page
- Biographical sketch, Alfred Chester Papers, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center at the University of Texas at Austin
- Biographical Note, Alfred Chester Letters to Curtis Harnack, University of Delaware