All You Need Is Kill
|All You Need Is Kill|
|オール ユー ニード イズ キル
(Ōru Yū Nīdo Izu Kiru)
|Genre||Military science fiction|
|Written by||Hiroshi Sakurazaka|
|Illustrated by||Yoshitoshi ABe|
|Imprint||Super Dash Bunko|
|Written by||Ryōsuke Takeuchi|
|Illustrated by||Takeshi Obata|
|Magazine||Weekly Young Jump|
|Original run||January 9, 2014 – May 29, 2014|
All You Need Is Kill (Japanese: オール・ユー・ニード・イズ・キル Hepburn: Ōru Yū Nīdo Izu Kiru?) is a Japanese military science fiction light novel by Hiroshi Sakurazaka with illustrations by Yoshitoshi ABe. The novel was Sakurazaka's breakthrough science-fiction novel, earning wide praise from fellow novelists including Yasutaka Tsutsui and Chōhei Kanbayashi and was entered in contention for the Seiun Awards. The book was published in Japanese by Shueisha under their Super Dash Bunko imprint in December 2004, and was later released in English by Viz Media under their Haikasoru imprint. All You Need Is Kill follows a soldier named Keiji Kiriya, who, after dying in a battle with extraterrestrials, is caught in a time loop that makes him live the same day repeatedly, allowing Kiriya to improve his fighting skills.
A manga adaptation, written by Ryōsuke Takeuchi and illustrated by Takeshi Obata, was serialized in Shueisha's Weekly Young Jump magazine between January and May 2014 and was also published by Viz Media in its Weekly Shonen Jump magazine. In November 2014, the Viz translation was released in a collected edition that included the entire series. A graphic novel adaptation was released in North America in May 2014. A film adaptation from director Doug Liman starring Tom Cruise, titled Edge of Tomorrow, was released on May 30, 2014. The English-language film tie-in edition of the novel also uses this title.
The story is told from the perspective of Keiji Kiriya, a new recruit in the United Defense Force that fights against the mysterious "Mimics", which have laid siege to Earth. He is seemingly killed on his first sortie, but through some inexplicable phenomenon, he wakes up and finds that he has returned to the day before the battle. As this process continues, he finds himself caught in a time loop as his death and resurrection repeat time and time again. Keiji's skill as a soldier grows as he passes through each time loop in a desperate attempt to change his fate.
After several dozen loops, he realizes his fate is tied to that of Rita Vrataski. He uses his knowledge of the day to get close to her and her mechanic, from whom he gets a copy of her massive axe, a weapon he learns to use well; the boltgun that most troops are issued use quickly runs out of ammo and jams easily. Realizing that he is a fellow looper, Rita confides in Keiji, telling him of the system the Mimics use. There is a central nexus that can cause the day to loop, as well as several antennae, all of which signal the loop to reset; Keiji became trapped in the loop as a result of contact with one such antenna. To escape, Keiji must first kill all the antennae and then the nexus. The Mimics constantly adapt to Keiji's attacks, but he and Rita manage to eliminate the nexus, only to have the loop reset again. After telling Rita this, she acknowledges that they missed one antenna. On the 160th loop, they proceed to eliminate the antennae again. However, Rita then attacks Keiji, explaining that being trapped in the loop has modified their brains so both of them are similar to the antennae, meaning one of them has to die before killing the nexus; otherwise, the loop will continue indefinitely. Keiji manages to kill Rita and then the nexus, and is hailed as a new hero of the Unity Army.
- Keiji Kiriya (キリヤ・ケイジ Kiriya Keiji?)
- A new recruit in the United Defense Force. He finds himself caught in a time loop where he wakes up one day in the past after having been killed on the battlefield. Through the training and battles he experiences in these loops he comes into his own as a soldier.
- In the Edge of Tomorrow film adaptation, his counterpart is an American named William Cage, played by Tom Cruise.
- Rita Vrataski (リタ・ヴラタスキ Rita Vuratasuki?)
- A U.S. special forces soldier. Highly decorated and peerless in battle, she is seen as a hero by the entire world and known as the "Full Metal Bitch" to other soldiers. Her name is a false identity she used to join the UDF at a young age after her parents were killed by Mimics. Like Keiji, she has also been through a loop of her own, from which she gained her experience and reputation, and comes to assist Keiji after learning of his loops.
- In Edge of Tomorrow, she is played by Emily Blunt, with her nationality changed to British.
- Shasta Raylle (シャスタ・レイル Shasuta Reiru?)
- Rita's mechanic, a bespectacled Native American woman who collects Gashapon. She is the developer of a large battleaxe used by Rita, and later by Keiji.
- Bartolome Ferrell (バルトロメ・フェレウ Barutorome Fereu?)
- Keiji's platoon sergeant. An overly fitness-conscious man of Brazilian and Japanese descent who takes care of his subordinates.
- In Edge of Tomorrow, his character is changed to that of an American played by Bill Paxton.
- Rachel Kisaragi (レイチェル・キサラギ Reicheru Kisaragi?)
- A well-endowed canteen lady, known to have good rapport among the soldiers for her good cooking and looks.
The original novel, written by Hiroshi Sakurazaka and illustrated by Yoshitoshi ABe, was first published by Shueisha under its Super Dash Bunko imprint in December 2004. Haikasoru released an English-language translation trade paperback of the novel as "All You Need Is Kill". Sakurazaka was inspired by an online account written by a video game player, where comments on how restarting the game after the playable character's death allowed for trial and error improvement made the writer conceive a story where a hero wound up "being played over and over". Prior to writing, Sakurazaka consulted other time loop-based fiction such as the film Groundhog Day. Viz Media re-released the novel in North America under the title Edge of Tomorrow on April 29, 2014.
Manga and graphic novel
A manga adaptation of All You Need Is Kill with illustrations by Takeshi Obata, storyboards by Ryōsuke Takeuchi, and character designs by Yoshitoshi ABe began serialization in Japanese in Shueisha's Weekly Young Jump and English in Weekly Shonen Jump in January 2014.
Edge of Tomorrow is a 2014 American science fiction film based on the novel. The film, directed by Doug Liman and produced by Warner Bros. and Village Roadshow, stars Tom Cruise as William Cage (the film's counterpart to Keiji Kiriya) and Emily Blunt as Rita Vrataski. The setting is changed to Western Europe, with the battle being a strike into Normandy that begins at Heathrow Airport. The ending is also significantly different from the original novel the film is based on. The film was released in theaters on May 30, 2014, in the United Kingdom, June 6, 2014, in North America, and July 4, 2014, in Japan.
- "All You Need Is Kill｜スーパーダッシュ文庫" (in Japanese). Shueisha.
- Hornyak, Tim (July 12, 2014). "Meet the Japanese author behind Tom Cruise’s new sci-fi smash". The Japan Times. The Japan Times Ltd. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
- Melrose, Kevin (April 15, 2014). "Viz Media to roll out ‘Edge of Tomorrow’ movie tie-ins". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved May 9, 2014.
- "Death Note's Obata Adapts All You Need Is Kill Novel Into Manga". Anime News Network. November 30, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2015.