Alpha Reticuli

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Alpha Reticuli
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Reticulum constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

Location of α Reticuli (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Reticulum
Right ascension 04h 14m 25.48414s[1]
Declination −62° 28′ 25.8917″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 3.315[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type G8 II-III[3]
U−B color index +0.63[4]
B−V color index +0.922[2]
R−I color index +0.659[2]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) +35.5[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +41.97[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +49.42[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 20.18 ± 0.10[1] mas
Distance 161.6 ± 0.8 ly
(49.6 ± 0.2 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) −0.17 ± 0.05[6]
Details
Mass 3.11 ± 0.06[6] M
Radius 12.8 ± 0.6[6] R
Luminosity 240[7] L
Surface gravity (log g) 2.69 ± 0.04[6] cgs
Temperature 5,196[6] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] 0.07[6] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 5.7[8] km/s
Age 0.33 ± 0.02[6] Gyr
Other designations
α Ret, Alpha Reticuli, Alpha Ret, CCDM J04144-6228, CPD−62 332, FK5 156, GC 5164, HD 27256, HIP 19780, HR 1336, IDS 04131-6243, PPM 353975, SAO 248969, WDS 04144-6228A.[9][10]
Database references
SIMBAD data

Alpha Reticuli (Alpha Ret, α Reticuli, α Ret) is the Bayer designation the brightest star in the southern circumpolar constellation of Reticulum,[7] with an apparent visual magnitude of 3.3.[2] This appears to be a solitary star[11] located at a distance of 162 light-years from Earth.[1] Although it is bright enough to be seen with the naked eye, the declination of this star means that it is best viewed from the southern hemisphere and is only readily visible below the tropic of cancer.[7]

This star has more than three times the mass of the Sun and is about 330 million years old.[6] The spectrum of this star matches a stellar classification of G8 II-III,[3] with the luminosity class notation 'II-III' indicating it shows some traits of both a giant star and a bright giant. At this evolutionary stage, the atmosphere has expanded to almost thirteen times the radius of the Sun and the outer envelope has an effective temperature of 5,196 K.[6] X-ray emission has been detected from this star, with an estimated luminosity of 3 × 1029 erg s–1.[12]

Alpha Reticuli has a 12th-magnitude visual companion, CCDM J04144-6228B, at an angular separation of 48 arcseconds away along a position angle of 355°.[10] Since the two stars share a common proper motion across the celestial sphere, it is possible that Alpha Reticuli, rather than being solitary, may instead be the primary component of a binary star system with an orbital period is at least 60,000 years.[7]

Naming[edit]

In Chinese caused by adaptation of the European southern hemisphere constellations into the Chinese system, 夾白 (Jiá Bái), meaning White Patches Attached, refers to an asterism consisting of α Reticuli and θ Doradus. Consequently, α Reticuli itself is known as 夾白二 (Jiá Bái èr, English: the Second Star of White Patches Attached.)[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357 
  2. ^ a b c d Gutierrez-Moreno, Adelina et al. (1966), A System of photometric standards 1, Publicaciones Universidad de Chile, Department de Astronomy, pp. 1–17, Bibcode:1966PDAUC...1....1G 
  3. ^ a b Houk, Nancy (1978), Michigan catalogue of two-dimensional spectral types for the HD stars 1, Ann Arbor: Dept. of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Bibcode:1975mcts.book.....H 
  4. ^ HR 1336, database entry, The Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Preliminary Version), D. Hoffleit and W. H. Warren, Jr., CDS ID V/50. Accessed on line September 4, 2008.
  5. ^ Evans, D. S. (June 20–24, 1966), "The Revision of the General Catalogue of Radial Velocities", in Batten, Alan Henry; Heard, John Frederick, Determination of Radial Velocities and their Applications, Proceedings from IAU Symposium no. 30, University of Toronto: International Astronomical Union, retrieved 2009-09-10 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i da Silva, L. et al. (November 2006), "Basic physical parameters of a selected sample of evolved stars", Astronomy and Astrophysics 458 (2): 609–623, arXiv:astro-ph/0608160, Bibcode:2006A&A...458..609D, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20065105 
  7. ^ a b c d Alpha Ret, Jim Kaler, Stars. Accessed on line September 4, 2008.
  8. ^ Schröder, C.; Reiners, J. H. M. M.; Schmitt (January 2009), "Ca II HK emission in rapidly rotating stars. Evidence for an onset of the solar-type dynamo", Astronomy and Astrophysics 493 (3): 1099–1107, Bibcode:2009A&A...493.1099S, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:200810377 
  9. ^ * alf Ret -- Star in double system, database entry, SIMBAD. Accessed on line September 4, 2008.
  10. ^ a b Entry 04144-6228, The Washington Double Star Catalog, United States Naval Observatory. Accessed on line September 4, 2008.
  11. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 389 (2): 869–879, arXiv:0806.2878, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x 
  12. ^ Micela, G.; Favata, F.; Sciortino, S. (October 1997), "HIPPARCOS distances of X-ray selected stars: implications on their nature as stellar population", Astronomy and Astrophysics 326: 221–227, Bibcode:1997A&A...326..221M 
  13. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 27 日