- See Association of the Alpine States for another meaning
The term Alpine states or Alpine countries refers to the countries associated with the region of Alps. As defined by the Alpine Convention of 1991, the region of the Alps comprise the territory of 8 countries. This territory includes 83 NUTS 3-level local administrative regions and about 6,200 communities/municipalities. The 8 alpine states are Austria, Germany, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland.
In the narrow sense, the term "Alpine states" could be applied to the first three : Austria (28.7% of the total area), Italy (27.2%), and France (21.4%) represent more than 77% of the Alpine territory. From a strictly national point of view, and with the exception of Liechtenstein and Monaco, the Alps are dominant in only two countries: Austria (65.5% of its territory) and Switzerland (65%).