Alternate Olympics

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In artistic gymnastics, Alternate Olympics refers to two separate competitions held in 1980 and 1984. Because of the American-led 1980 Summer Olympics boycott and the Soviet-led 1984 Summer Olympics boycott, the alliances of countries that participated in each boycott organized their own alternative competitions. In 1980, these competitions were divided by sport, and included such events as the Olympic Boycott Games in Philadelphia. In 1984, while competitions for different sports still occurred in different countries and cities, they were all tied together under the aegis of the Friendship Games.

USGF International Invitational 1980[edit]

In 1980, the gymnastics segment of the 'Alternate Olympics', entitled the 1980 USGF International Invitational, was held in Hartford, Connecticut, United States. Nations who sent athletes to this competition included Japan, China, the USA, Switzerland, West Germany, Italy, Norway, Korea, Canada, New Zealand and Israel.

Results[edit]

Men[edit]

All-Around

1st Japan Nobuyuki Kajitani (JPN) 58.300
2nd China Li Yuejiu (CHN) 58.200
2nd China Tong Fei (CHN) 58.200

Floor

1st China Li Yuejiu (CHN) 19.800
2nd China Tong Fei (CHN) 19.550
3rd United States Ron Galimore (USA) 19.500

Pommel Horse

1st China Tong Fei (CHN) 19.450
2nd China Huang Yubin (CHN) 19.350
3rd Japan Kyoji Yamawaki (JPN) 19.300

Vault

1st United States Ron Galimore (USA) 19.800
2nd Japan Kyoji Yamawaki (JPN) 19.550
3rd China Tong Fei (CHN) 19.475

Still Rings

1st Japan Nobuyuki Kajitani (JPN) 19.600
2nd Japan Kyoji Yamawaki (JPN) 19.550
3rd United States Ron Galimore (USA) 19.500

Parallel Bars

1st China Cai Huanzong (CHN) 19.750
2nd Japan Nobuyuki Kajitani (JPN) 19.650
3rd China Li Yuejiu (CHN) 19.450

High Bar

1st Japan Junichi Kitagawa (JPN) 19.600
3rd China Tong Fei (CHN) 19.550
3rd United States Mitch Gaylord (USA) 19.500

Women[edit]

All-Around

1st China Li Cuiling (CHN) 38.800
2nd United States Marcia Frederick (USA) 38.600
3rd China Chen Yongyan (CHN) 38.350

Vault

1st United States Marcia Frederick (USA) 19.175
2nd China Li Cuiling (CHN) 19.025
3rd United States Lisa Zeiz (USA) 19.000

Uneven Bars

1st China Zu Zheng (CHN) 19.600
2nd China Chen Youngyan (CHN) 19.500
3rd United States Marcia Frederick (USA) 18.950

Beam

1st China Ma Yanhong (CHN) 19.700
2nd China Li Cuiling (CHN) 19.300
3rd United StatesMarcia Frederick (USA) 18.950

Floor

1st China Wen Jia (CHN) 19.750
2nd United States Lynn Lederer (USA) 19.650
3rd United States Kelly Garrison (USA) 19.450

Friendship Games 1984[edit]

Main article: Friendship Games

In 1984, the Soviet Bloc and most other Eastern European Communist nations held a Friendship Games, also called "Druzhba", with separate host cities hosting separate sporting events. The gymnastics segment of the Friendship Games was held in the town of in Olomouc, Czechoslovakia (now in the Czech Republic). The competition was referred to as 'ČSSR Spartakiade' or, simply, 'Olomouc' after the host city.

Most Eastern Bloc and Communist countries, including the Soviet Union, East Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Cuba, North Korea and Poland, as well as Great Britain and Mongolia, sent athletes to these games instead of the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. Romania was the only country in the Eastern Bloc to defy the Olympic boycott and sent its athletes to Los Angeles, with some controversy. Great Britain sent gymnasts to both Olomouc and the Olympics.

Oloumouc was notable as the first, and to date, only, time that a gymnast had a 'perfect' competition, earning 10.00 scores on all events. Olga Mostepanova achieved this feat in the women's all-around, winning the gold medal with a 40.00. She also maintained a perfect score on balance beam throughout all of the rounds of competition at Olomouc, earning 10.00 marks every time she performed on the event in the team competition, all-around and event finals.

Results[edit]

Men[edit]

All-Around

1st Soviet Union Dmitri Bilozerchev (URS) 119.300
2nd Soviet Union Vladimir Artemov (URS) 118.875
3rd Soviet Union Yuri Balabanov (URS) 117.525

Team Final

Rank Country Team Members Point
1st  Soviet Union Vladimir Artemov, Yuri Balabanov, Dmitri Bilozerchev, Stepan Martsinkiv, Alexander Pogorelov, Alexander Tumilovich 590.30
2nd  East Germany Holger Behrendt, Roland Bruckner, Ulf Hoffmann, Jens Fischer, Sylvio Kroll, Thorsten Mettke 584.40
3rd  Bulgaria Stoichko Gotchev, Borislav Hutov, Marian Penev, Plamen Petkov, Rumen Petkov, Zdravko Stoyanov 579.40

Floor

1st East Germany Roland Bruckner (GDR) 19.875
2nd Bulgaria Plamen Petkov (BUL) 19.775
3rd East Germany Sylvio Kroll (GDR) 19.750

Pommel Horse

1st Soviet Union Dmitri Bilozerchev (URS) 19.925
2nd Hungary Gyorgy Guczoghy (HUN) 19.800
2nd Soviet Union Vladimir Artemov (URS) 19.800

Vault

1st East Germany Sylvio Kroll (GDR) 19.950
2nd Soviet Union Vladimir Artemov (URS) 19.825
3rd Bulgaria Marian Penev (BUL) 19.800
3rd Cuba Casimiro Suarez (CUB) 19.800
3rd East Germany Thorsten Mette (GDR) 19.800
3rd Soviet Union Dmitri Bilozerchev (URS) 19.800
3rd Poland Zdzieszynski (POL) 19.800

Still Rings

1st Soviet Union Dmitri Bilozerchev (URS) 19.975
2nd Bulgaria Plamen Petkov (BUL) 19.800
2nd Soviet Union Vladimir Artemov (URS) 19.800
2nd Hungary Gyorgy Guczoghy (HUN) 19.800
2nd East Germany Holger Behrendt (GDR) 19.800

Parallel Bars

1st Soviet Union Vladimir Artemov (URS) 19.800
2nd Cuba Ricardo Richards (CUB) 19.700
3rd Bulgaria Zdravko Stoyanov (BUL) 19.450
3rd North Korea Li Gil Su (PRK) 19.450

High Bar

1st Soviet Union Dmitri Bilozerchev (URS) 19.975
2nd Cuba Jesus Rivera (CUB) 19.800
3rd Hungary Zsolt Borkai (HUN) 19.700
3rd Cuba Felix Aguilera (CUB) 19.700

Women[edit]

All-Around

1st Soviet Union Olga Mostepanova (URS) 79.825
2nd Czechoslovakia Hana Ricna (TCH) 79.425
3rd Soviet Union Elena Shushunova (URS) 79.125

Team Final

Rank Country Team Members Point
1st  Soviet Union Irina Baraksanova, Tatiana Frolova, Natalia Ilienko, Olga Mostepanova, Elena Shushunova, Natalia Yurchenko 395.25
2nd  East Germany Gabriele Faehnrich, Maxi Gnauck, Astrid Heese, Birgit Senff, Bettina Schieferdecker, Franka Voigt 392.50
3rd  Czechoslovakia Iva Cervenkova, Alena Drevjana, Hana Ricna, Martina Koblizkova, Jana Labakova, Lenka Pitlovicova 391.95

Vault

1st Soviet Union Olga Mostepanova (URS) 19.900
1st Soviet Union Natalia Yurchenko (URS) 19.900
3rd East Germany Maxi Gnauck (GDR) 19.875

Uneven Bars

1st East Germany Maxi Gnauck (GDR) 20.000
2nd Soviet Union Natalia Yurchenko (URS) 19.975
3rd East Germany Gabriele Faehnrich (GDR) 19.950

Beam

1st Soviet Union Olga Mostepanova (URS) 20.000
2nd Czechoslovakia Hana Ricna (TCH) 19.850
3rd Czechoslovakia Alena Drevjana (TCH) 19.750

Floor

1st Soviet Union Olga Mostepanova (URS) 19.950
1st East Germany Maxi Gnauck (GDR) 19.950
3rd East Germany Bettina Schieferdecker (GDR) 19.750

References[edit]