|American Society of Mechanical Engineers|
|Type||not-for-profit membership organization|
|Headquarters||New York City, U.S.|
|Location||Two Park Avenue
|Membership||130,000+ in over 150 countries|
|President||Marc W. Goldsmith, P.E.|
|President-elect (June 2013)||Madiha Kotb|
ASME, founded as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, is a professional association that, in its own words, "promotes the art, science, and practice of multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences around the globe" via "continuing education, training and professional development, codes and standards, research, conferences and publications, government relations, and other forms of outreach." ASME is thus an engineering society, a standards organization, a research and development organization, a lobbying organization, a provider of training and education, and a nonprofit organization. Founded as an engineering society focused on mechanical engineering in North America, ASME is today multidisciplinary and global.
ASME has over 130,000 members in 158 countries worldwide.
ASME was founded in 1880 by Alexander Lyman Holley, Henry Rossiter Worthington, John Edison Sweet and Matthias N. Forney in response to numerous steam boiler pressure vessel failures. Known for setting codes and standards for mechanical devices, ASME conducts one of the world's largest technical publishing operations, holds numerous technical conferences and hundreds of professional development courses each year, and sponsors numerous outreach and educational programs.
- 1 ASME Codes and Standards
- 2 Notable members
- 3 Society Awards
- 4 Student Professional Development Conference (SPDC)
- 5 Student Competitions
- 6 Organization
- 7 Controversy
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
ASME Codes and Standards
ASME is one of the oldest standards-developing organizations in America. It produces approximately 600 codes and standards, covering many technical areas, such as boiler components, elevators, measurement of fluid flow in closed conduits, cranes, hand tools, fasteners, and machine tools. Some ASME standards have been translated into languages other than English, such as Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish.
Note that according to ASME:
- A Standard can be defined as a set of technical definitions and guidelines that function as instructions for designers, manufacturers, operators, or users of equipment.
- A standard becomes a Code when it has been adopted by one or more governmental bodies and is enforceable by law, or when it has been incorporated into a business contract.
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC)
The largest ASME standard, both in size and in the number of volunteers involved in its preparation, is the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC). BPVC is a standard that provides rules for the design, fabrication, and inspection of boilers and pressure vessels. It is reviewed every two years. The BPVC consists of twelve volumes. Stamps for defining and certification of a boiler and a pressure vessel according to the ASME code include some of the more common S, U, U2 and U3 of many.
ASME Performance Test Codes (PTC)
ASME Performance Test Codes (PTCs) provide uniform rules and procedures for the planning, preparation,execution, and reporting of performance test results. Test results provide numerical characteristics to the performance of equipment, systems, and plants being tested. The codes provide guidelines for test procedures that yield results of the highest level of accuracy based on current engineering knowledge, taking into account test costs and the value of information obtained from testing. Code tests are suitable for use whenever performance must be determined with minimum uncertainty. They are meant specifically for equipment operating in an industrial setting.
Most ASME PTCs are applicable to a specified type of equipment defined by the respective Standards. There may be several subcategories of equipment covered by a single document. Types of equipment for which PTCs apply can be classified into five broad categories as follows: (a) Electrical or mechanical power producing; (b) Combustion and heat transfer; (c) Fluid handling; (d) Emission control; (e) Other equipment.
Examples of ASME Performance Test Codes:
- ASME PTC 6 Steam Turbines
- ASME PTC 8.2 Centrifugal Pumps
- ASME PTC 11 Fans
- ASME PTC 12.5 Single Phase Heat Exchangers
- ASME PTC 19.1 Test Uncertainty
- ASME PTC 22 Gas Turbines
- ASME PTC 25 Pressure Relief Valves
- ASME PTC 40 Flue Gas Desulfurization
- ASME PTC 42 Wind Turbines
- ASME PTC 46 Overall Plant Performance
- ASME PTC 55 Aircraft Engines
Nuclear Quality Assurance-1
The ASME created and maintains the Nuclear Quality Assurance-1 (NQA-1) regulatory standard.
The following people are, or were, notable members of ASME:
- Dennis Assanis
- Charles Brinckerhoff Richards ( 1833–1919) Founder, manager from 1881–1882, Vice-president from 1888-1890 
- Alexander T. Brown (1854–1929)
- Ken P. Chong
- Nancy D. Fitzroy
- Henry Gantt (1861–1919)
- James Powers (1871-1927), inventor of the Powers Accounting Machines, whose business was a predecessor of Sperry Rand and Unisys.
- John E. Leland, Director of the University of Dayton Research Institute
- William Mason (1837–1913)
- Alexander C. Monteith (1902–1979)
- Hugh Pembroke Vowles (1885–1951)
- Samuel T. Wellman (1847–1919)
- John I. Yellott (1908–1986)
- Alexander Lyman Holley (1832–1882) - Founder 
- Henry Rossiter Worthington (1817–1880) - Founder
- John Edson Sweet (1832–1916) - Founder
- Walter Polakov
Notable past presidents
- 1880-1882: Robert Henry Thurston
- 1883-1884: E. D. Leavitt
- 1884-1885: John Edison Sweet
- 1887-1888: George Herman Babcock
- 1889-1890: Henry R. Towne
- 1890-1891: Oberlin Smith
- 1895-1896: Charles E. Billings
- 1897-1898: Worcester R. Warner
- 1901-1902: Samuel T. Wellman
- 1904-1905: Ambrose Swasey
- 1906-1907: Frederick W. Taylor
- 1910-1911: George Westinghouse
- 1914-1915: James Hartness
- 1918-1919: Charles T. Main
- 1927-1928: Charles M. Schwab
- 1928-1929: Alex Dow
- 1929-1930: Elmer A. Sperry
- 1934-1936: Ralph E. Flanders
- 1958-1959: James N. Landis
- 1975-1976: Charles L. Tutt Jr.
- ASME Medal
- Charles T. Main Award
- Henry Laurence Gantt Medal
- Student Section Advisor Award
- Worcester Reed Warner Medal
- ASME Burt L. Newkirk Award
ASME Fellow Member
ASME Fellow Member is a Membership Grade of Distinction conferred by The ASME Board of Governors to an ASME member with significant publications or innovations and distinguished scientific and engineering background. Over 3,000 members have attained the grade of Fellow. The ASME Fellow membership grade is the highest elected grade in ASME.
Student Professional Development Conference (SPDC)
ASME runs the Student Professional Development Conference (SPDC), which allows students and working engineers to network, hosts contests, and promotes ASME's benefits to professionals. Conferences are held in ten different districts. Districts A-F are held in North America, District G is in Asia and Australia, District H includes most of Europe, District I is in Central and South America, and District J covers the Middle East and parts of Africa. The location for each district changes every year.
ASME holds a variety of competitions every year for engineering students from around the world.
- Human Powered Vehicle Challenge (HPVC)
- Student Design Competition (SDC)
- Student Mechanism and Robot Design Competition
- ASME/FIRST Robotics
- Old Guard Competitions
- Innovation Showcase (IShow)
- Design Review Competition
- Rapid Design Challenge
- Student Design Expositions
Following the reorganization of the ASME during the Continuity and Change process in 2004-2005, volunteer activity was organized into five sectors. Each sector is led by a volunteer Senior Vice President who reports directly to the Board of Governors.
Senior Vice President: Clark G. McCarrell
Groups (Centers) within Centers are led by Vice Presidents:
- Education: Robert Warrington
- Leadership and Diversity: Mary Lynn Realff
- Career and Professional Advancement: Betty Bowersox
- Public Awareness: Vincent Wilczynski
Council on Standards and Certification
Groups (Boards) within Standards and Certification are as follows:
- Codes & Standards Operations
- Conformity Assessment (BCA)
- Hearings and Appeals
- Nuclear Codes and Standards
- BPV Committee on Construction of Nuclear Facility Components (III)
- BPV Committee on Nuclear Inservice Inspection (XI)
- Standards Committee on Cranes for Nuclear Facilities
- Standards Committee on Nuclear Risk Management (CNRM)
- Committee on Board (NCS) Strategic Initiatives
- Standards Committee on Nuclear Air and Gas Treatment
- Joint Committee on Nuclear Risk Management (JCNRM)
- Standards Committee on Nuclear Quality Assurance
- Standards Committee on Operation and Maintenance of Nuclear Power Plants
- Standards Committee on Qualification of Mechanical Equipment Used in Nuclear Facilities
- New Development
- Aerospace and Advanced Engineering Drawing Standards Committee (AED)
- Committee on ASME C&S in Spanish
- Risk Analysis and Management for Critical Asset Protection Standards Committee
- Slewing Ring Bearings Standards Committee
- Pressure Technology Codes and Standards
- ASME/API Joint Committee on Fitness for Service
- B16 Standardization of Valves, Flanges, Fittings, and Gaskets Standards Committee
- B31 Code for Pressure Piping Standards Committee
- Bioprocessing Equipment Standards Committee (BPE)
- Project Team on Glass Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting Resin Piping
- Project Team on Thermoplastic Piping
- BPV Committee on Power Boilers (I), Materials (II), Heating Boilers (IV), Welding and Brazing (IX), Nondestructive Examination (V), Pressure Vessels (VIII), Fiber- Reinforced Plastic Pressure Vessels (X), Transport Tanks (XII)
- Pressure Technology Post Construction Committee
- Pressure Vessels for Human Occupancy (PVHO)
- Reinforced Thermoset Plastic Corrosion Resistant Equipment Main Committee (RTP)
- Structures for Bulk Solids (SBS)
- Technical Oversight Management Committee (TOMC)
- Committee on Turbine Water Damage Prevention (TWDP)
- Safety Codes and Standards
- A120 Safety Requirements for Powered Platforms for Building Maintenance
- A13 Scheme for the Identification of Piping Systems
- A17 Elevators and Escalators
- A18 Platform Lifts and Stairway Chairlifts
- A90 Safety Standards for Manlifts
- B20 Safety Standards for Conveyors and Related Equipment
- B30 Safety Standards Committee for Cableways, Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Hooks, Jacks, and Slings
- BTH Standards Committee, Design of Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices
- CSDAFB Controls and Safety Devices for Automatically Fired Boilers
- P30 Planning for the Use of Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Cableways, Aerial Devices and Lifting Accessories
- Portable Automotive Service Equipment Committee (PASE)
- QEI Qualification of Elevator Inspectors
- Rail Transit Vehicle Standards Committee
- Standardization and Testing
- A112 Plumbing Materials and Equipment
- B1 Screw Threads
- B107 Hand Tools and Accessories
- B18 Standardization of Bolts, Nuts, Rivets, Screws, Washers, and Similar Fasteners
- B29 Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets for Power Transmission and Conveying
- B32 Metal and Metal Alloy Wrought Mill Product Nominal Sizes
- B40 Committee on Standards for Pressure and Temperature Instruments and Accessories
- B46 Classification and Designation of Surface Qualities
- B47 Gage Blanks
- B5 Machine Tools - Components, Elements, Performance, and Equipment
- B73 Chemical Standard Pumps
- B89 Dimensional Metrology
- EA Industrial System Energy Assessment Standards Committee
- HST Hoists - Overhead
- MFC Measurement of Fluid Flow in Closed Conduits
- Performance Test Codes Standards Committee
- RAM Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability of Power Plants
- Special Committee H213 on Harmonization of Dimensional and Geometrical Product Specifications and Verification
- STS Steel Stacks
- V&V Verification and Validation in Computational Modeling and Simulation
- Y14 Engineering Drawing and Related Documentation Practices
- Committee on Strategic Planning and Performance
Senior Vice President: David Wisler
Groups (Institutes) within Institutes are led by Vice Presidents:
- International Gas Turbine: Dilip Ballal
- International Petroleum Technology: Terry Lechinger
- Continuing Education
- Engineering Management Certification International
- Emerging Technologies
Knowledge & Community
Senior Vice President: Richard Laudenat
Groups (Communities) within Knowledge & Community are led by Vice Presidents:
- Affinity: Justin Young
- Financial Operations: Lawrence A. Kielasa
- Global: Thomas Libertiny
- Programs & Activities: John W. Wesner, PE
- Technical: Dan Segalman
Senior Vice President: Robert Pangborn
The Strategic Management Sector Board of Directors (SMBOD) under the direction of the Board of Governors, is responsible for the activities of the Society relating to identification, capture and transfer of knowledge that will support ASME’s strategies for the technical innovation and advocacy of public policies that are important to advancement of industry and the profession. The units of the Sector include the Board on Government Relations, the Industry Advisory Board, the Strategic Initiatives and Innovation Committee and the Strategic Issues Committee. The operation guide defines the voting members, election of sector leadership, committee duties, meetings and records.
Groups (Boards) within Knowledge & Community are led by a Vice President, Members-at-Large, and Committee Chairs:
- Member-at-Large: Susan Ipri-Brown
- Member-at-Large: Elizabeth Kisenwether
- Vice President, Government Relations: Michael Reischman
- Chair, Strategic Issues: Win Phillips
- Chair, Strategic Initiatives and Innovation: Chris Przirembel
- Chair, Industry Advisory Board: Charla Wise
ASME became the first non-profit organization to be guilty of violating the Sherman Antitrust Act in 1982. The Supreme Court found the organization liable for more than $6 million in American Society of Mechanical Engineers v. Hydrolevel Corp.
- ASME Y14.41-2003 Digital Product Definition Data Practices
- List of Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmarks
- ASME Medal
- ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC)
- ASME Fellow
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- Frederick Remsen Hutton, ed. (1915). A history of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers from 1880 to 1915. The Society. p. 16.
- Machinery. The Industrial Press. 1908. p. 826. "Richards was one of the founders of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in 1881"
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- "James Powers". New York Times. 10 November 1927. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
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- Wren, Daniel (1980), "Scientific Management in the U.S.S.R., with Particular Reference to the Contribution of Walter N. Polakov", The Academy of Management Review 5 (1): 1–11
- "Fellows". ASME. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
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- "Student Professional Development Conference". ASME. Archived from the original on 23 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
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- "Board on Pressure Technology Codes and Standards". Codes & Standards. ASME CSConnect. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
- Calvert, Monte A. The Mechanical Engineer in America, 1830-1910: Professional Cultures in Conflict. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1967.
- Hutton, Frederick Remson (1915) A History of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. ASME.
- Sinclair, Bruce. A Centennial History of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1880-1980. Toronto: Toronto University Press, 1980.
- John H. White (1979). A History of the American Locomotive: Its Development, 1830-1880. Courier Dover Publications. ISBN 978-0-486-23818-0.
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