Amoebidae

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Amoebidae
Wilson1900Fig3.jpg
Amoeba sp.
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Amoebozoa
Phylum: Tubulinea
Class: Tubulinida
Family: Amoebidae
Ehrenberg 1838
Genera

Amoeba
Chaos
Deuteramoeba
Hydramoeba
Metachaos
Parachaos
Polychaos
Trichamoeba

The Amoebidae are a family of Amoebozoa,[1] including naked amoebae that produce multiple pseudopodia of indeterminate length. These are roughly cylindrical with granular endoplasm and no subpseudopodia, as found in other members of the class Tubulinea. During locomotion one pseudopod typically becomes dominant and the others are retracted as the body flows into it. In some cases the cell moves by "walking", with relatively permanent pseudopodia serving as limbs.

The most important genera are Amoeba and Chaos, which are set apart from the others by longitudinal ridges. The most well known of the species in this family is Amoeba proteus, which is commonly used in classrooms to demonstrate movement by pseudopodia.

Some sources include Dictyostelium discoideum in this group.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nikolaev, S.; Mitchell, E.; Petrov, N.; Berney, C.; Fahrni, J.; Pawlowski, J. (2005). "The testate lobose amoebae (order Arcellinida Kent, 1880) finally find their home within Amoebozoa". Protist 156 (2): 191–202. doi:10.1016/j.protis.2005.03.002. PMID 16171186.  edit
  2. ^ Sutherland PJ, Tobin AE, Rutherford CL, Price NP (February 1998). "Dictyostelium discoideum fatty-acyl amidase II has deacylase activity on Rhizobium nodulation factors". J. Biol. Chem. 273 (8): 4459–64. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.8.4459. PMID 9468498.