Amplectobelua

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Amplectobelua
Temporal range: ChengjiangMiddle Cambrian
Amplectobelua symbrachiata.jpg
Amplectobelua symbrachiata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Stem-group: Arthropoda
Class: Dinocaridida
Order: Radiodonta
Family: Anomalocarididae
Genus: Amplectobelua
Hou, Bergström & Ahlberg, 1995
Species
  • A. symbrachiata Hou, Bergström & Ahlberg, 1995
  • A. stephenensis Daley & Budd, 2010

Amplectobelua is an extinct genus of late Early Cambrian anomalocaridid, a group of stem arthropods that lived as free-swimming predators during the first half of the Paleozoic Era. Like other anomalocaridids, Amplectobelua had a pair of jointed grasping appendages, large eyes, a limbless body, and a series of fins extending down the body. It was smaller than the related Anomalocaris, however, and had a specialized grasping appendage, in which the spine on the fourth segment hooked forward to oppose the tip of the appendage, allowing it to grasp prey like the pincer of a crab. The fins differ as well; the front fins are very long and slender, while the middle pair of tail fins are specialized into a pair of long streamers, or furci.

Two species are known, Amplectobelua symbrachiata from the Chengjiang biota and Amplectobelua stephenensis from the later Burgess Shale.[1] A. symbrachiata is known from complete specimens, while A. stephenensis is known only from isolated claws. A. stephenensis is more advanced, with the pincer being more specialized for grasping: the fourth spine is larger and the spines on outer segments are reduced.

References[edit]

Fossil Museum

  1. ^ Daley, A. C.; Budd, G. E. (2010). "New anomalocaridid appendages from the Burgess Shale, Canada". Palaeontology 53 (4): 721. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2010.00955.x.  edit

External links[edit]

"Amplectobelua stephenensis". Burgess Shale Fossil Gallery. Virtual Museum of Canada. 2011.