"And When I Die" is a song written by American singer Laura Nyro. It was first recorded by American folk group Peter, Paul and Mary in 1966. Nyro then recorded it on her 1967 debut album More Than a New Discovery. However, the song is probably best known for its third version by American rock group Blood, Sweat & Tears, which reached #2 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100. The song gives a positive outlook about death, stating, in the chorus, "And when I die/and when I'm gone/there'll be one child born and a world/to carry on/to carry on."
The song was later recorded by American rock group Blood, Sweat & Tears for their self-titled second album and was eventually released as the third single from the album, peaking at #2 on the Billboard Hot 100; the album's previous two singles had also stalled at #2 on the Hot 100. The Blood, Sweat & Tears version exists in the album version, which features two instrumental portions, one featuring a player piano, and the other featuring horns and a clipped clopping sound, like a western cowboy song. Also, the pauses between the choruses and the other two verses are slightly longer, while the single version omits the two instrumental portions as well as the two pauses. The song begins with a harmonica solo, before the first verse comes in. The harmonica accompanies the other two verses.