Anders Sandøe Ørsted

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For his nephew of the same name, see Anders Sandøe Ørsted (botanist).
Anders Sandøe Ørsted
Ørsted, Anders Sandøe (av Christian Albrecht Jensen cirka 1840).jpg
Prime Minister of Denmark
In office
21 April 1853 – 12 December 1854
Monarch Frederick VII
Preceded by Christian Albrecht Bluhme
Succeeded by Peter Georg Bang
Personal details
Born (1778-12-21)21 December 1778
Rudkøbing
Died 1 May 1860(1860-05-01) (aged 81)
Copenhagen
Political party Højre

Anders Sandøe Ørsted (21 December 1778, Rudkøbing – 1 May 1860) was a Danish politician and jurist. He served as the Prime Minister of Denmark in 1853-1854.

Biography[edit]

He studied philosophy and law at Copenhagen and was admitted to the bar in 1799. He became a noted jurist. An early case overseen by him was that of Hans Jonatan, an escaped slave, which was (at least viewed retrospectively) a major test case in Danish law on slavery; Anders condemned Hans to be returned to the West Indies, where he had been purchased (Hof-og Stadsret: Generalmajorinde Henriette de Schimmelmann contra mulatten Hans Jonathan 1802).[1] Relatively early, he was connected to the national administration, and from 1825 to 1848, he was “generalprokurør” (juridical adviser of the government). He drew up the constitution granted in 1831. He was cabinet minister 1842-48, and from October 1853 to December 1854 was prime minister. He was forced to resign from his office as prime minister by his unpopular conservatism, a distinct departure from his earlier politics. In 1855, he was impeached on the charge of breaking the constitution, but he was acquitted and retired to private life.

Analysis[edit]

He is considered one of the most important jurists in 19th century Danish legal history. He was a pioneer of connecting jurisprudence and practice, and both as a judge and as an author, he successfully worked on making practice the foundation of legislation.

His political career was one of paradoxes. As a royal councillor of the absolute monarchy, he was rather liberal and tolerant and therefore often unpopular with the more conservative elements. As the opposition grew stronger however, he became more conservative and as prime minister, he was considered a full-blood reactionary. His attempt to charter a very conservative constitution led to cooperation between the king and the liberals that forced him to resign.

Literary works[edit]

Throughout his career Ørsted was a prolific writer. Among other things he wrote on Kantian and Hegelian philosophy, on Danish and Norwegian law, on Scandinavian politics (1857) and left an autobiography (1856). He was also the editor of several journals, most notable Juridisk Arkiv (1804-1812), Nyt Juridisk Arkiv (1812-1830) and Juridisk Tidsskrift (1820-1840), as well as the official government periodical publication Collegial-Tidende (1815-34 co-edited with Peter Johan Monrad, and exclusively by Ørsted 1834-1848).

Family[edit]

He was the brother of the famous physicist Hans Christian Ørsted (1777–1851), and uncle of the botanist Anders Sandøe Ørsted (1816–1872).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kristín Loftsdóttir and Gísli Pálsson, 'Black on White: Danish Colonialism, Iceland and the Caribbean', in Scandinavian Colonialism and the Rise of Modernity: Small Time Agents in a Global Arena, ed. by Magdalena Naum and Jonas M. Nordin, Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology Volume, 37 (New York: Springer, 2013), pp. 37--52 (p. 45). DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4614-6202-6_3. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4614-6202-6_3.

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Christian Albrecht Bluhme
Prime Minister of Denmark
21 April 1853 – 12 December 1854
Succeeded by
Peter Georg Bang
Preceded by
Peter Georg Bang
Interior Minister of Denmark
21 April 1853 – 29 April 1854
Succeeded by
Frederik Ferdinand von Tillisch
Preceded by
Carl Frederik Simony
Kultus Minister of Denmark
21 April 1853 – 12 December 1854
Succeeded by
Carl Christian Hall