List of Prime Ministers of Denmark

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Prime Minister of Denmark is the head of government of Denmark and leader of the Cabinet; since 1918 they have held the title of "Minister of State" (Danish: statsminister). The Prime Minister is formally appointed by the Monarch, who is head of state.

The highest ranking non-monarchial offices prior to 1848 are regarded as predecessors of the modern office of Prime Minister. There have been several titles used; "King's Chancellor", "Chancellor of the Realm", "Grand Chancellor", "Privy Councillor", "Prime Minister", "Council President" and Minister of State, once again. Each Prime Minister since 1848 has been the leader of one or more cabinets (for a complete list see Cabinet of Denmark).

Denmark's current Prime Minister is Helle Thorning-Schmidt representing the social democratic party Socialdemokraterne. Helle Thorning-Schmidt took office on 3 October 2011, taking over the position from Lars Løkke Rasmussen, representing the liberal party Venstre.

Deaths in office are signified by †

List of Grand Chancellors (1699–1730)[edit]

Grand Chancellors under Frederik IV (1699–1730)[edit]

Took office Left Office Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
26 August 1699 21 July 1708 † Reventlow conrad1.jpg Conrad von Reventlow
(1644–1708)
1708 1721 Christian Sehested.jpg Christian Christophersen Sehested
(1666–1740)
20 June 1721 17 October 1730 Ulrik Adolf Holstein-Holsteinborg.jpg Ulrik Adolf Holstein
(1664–1737)

List of Privy Councillors (1730–1848)[edit]

Privy Councillors (1730–1848)[edit]

under Christian VI (1730–1746), Frederik V (1746–1766),
Christian VII (1766–1808), Frederik VI (1808–1839), Christian VIII (1839–1848)

Took Office Left Office Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
17 October 1730 12 May 1735 IverRosenkrantz.jpg Iver Rosenkrantz
(1674–1745)
12 May 1735 1751[1] Johan Ludvig Holstein.jpg Johan Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg
(1694–1763)
1751 13 September 1770 JohanHE Bernstorff.jpg Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff
(1712–1772)
January 1772 1784 O H Guldberg.jpg Ove Høegh-Guldberg
(1731–1808)
1784 21 June 1797 † AP Bernstorff.jpg Andreas Peter Bernstorff
(1735–1797)
22 June 1797 1810 Christian Bernstorff.jpg Christian Günther von Bernstorff
(1769–1835)
1810 1814 Frederik Moltke.jpg Frederik Moltke
(1754–1836)
1814 1814 Frederik Julius Kaas.jpg Fredrik Julius Kaas
(1758–1827)
1814 24 August 1818 Joachim Godske Moltke.jpg Joachim Godske Moltke
(1746–1818)
1818 1824 Ernst Heinrich von Schimmelmann 1827.jpg Ernst Heinrich von Schimmelmann
(1747–1831)
1824 1842 Otto Joachim Moltke.jpg Otto Joachim Moltke
(1770–1853)
1842 22 March 1848 Stemann.jpg Poul Christian Stemann
(1764–1855)

List of Prime Ministers (1848–1855)[edit]

Prime Ministers under Frederik VII (1848–1855)[edit]

Took Office Left Office Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Party Election Government
1 22 March 1848 16 November 1848 Adam Wilhelm Moltke.jpg Adam Wilhelm Moltke
(1785–1864)
Moltke I
16 November 1848 13 July 1851 1849 Moltke II
13 July 1851 18 October 1851 Moltke III
18 October 1851 27 January 1852 Moltke IV
2 27 January 1852 21 April 1853 Bluhme.jpg Christian Albrecht Bluhme
(1794–1866)
Højre 1852
Feb.1853
Bluhme I
3 21 April 1853 12 December 1854 AS Ørsted.jpg Anders Sandøe Ørsted
(1778–1860)
May1853 Ørsted
4 12 December 1854 12 October 1855 Bang PG.jpg Peter Georg Bang
(1797–1861)
1854 Bang

List of Council Presidents (1855–1918)[edit]

Council Presidents under Frederik VII (1855–1863)[edit]

Took Office Left Office Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Party Election Government
4 12 October 1855 18 October 1856 Bang PG.jpg Peter Georg Bang
(1797–1861)
Bang
5 18 October 1856 13 May 1857 Andræ.jpg Carl Christoffer Georg Andræ
(1812–1893)
Andræ
6 13 May 1857 2 December 1859 CC Hall.jpg Carl Christian Hall
(1812–1888)
National Liberal Hall I
NL
7 2 December 1859 8 February 1860 †[2] Rotwitt.jpg Carl Edvard Rotwitt
(1812–1860)
The Society of the Friends of Peasants Rotwitt
(6) 24 February 1860 31 December 1863 CC Hall.jpg Carl Christian Hall
(1812–1888)
National Liberal 1861 Hall II
NL

Council Presidents under Christian IX (1863–1906)[edit]

Took Office Left Office Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Party Election Government
8 31 December 1863 11 July 1864 D G Monrad.jpg Ditlev Gothard Monrad
(1811–1887)
National Liberal Monrad
NL
(2) 11 July 1864 6 November 1865 Bluhme.jpg Christian Albrecht Bluhme
(1794–1866)
Højre 1864 Bluhme II
H
9 6 November 1865 28 May 1870 K V Frijs.jpg Christian Emil Frijs
(1817–1896)
National Landowners Jun.1866
Oct.1866
1869
Frijs
NG
NG-NL from 1866
10 28 May 1870 14 July 1874 HolsteinHolsteinborg.jpg Ludvig Holstein-Holsteinborg
(1815–1892)
Centre 1872
1873
Holstein-Holsteinborg
NG-NL
11 14 July 1874 11 June 1875 Fonnesbech.jpg Christen Andreas Fonnesbech
(1817–1880)
National Landowners Fonnesbech
NG-NL
12 11 June 1875 7 August 1894 Estrup.jpg Jacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup
(1825–1913)
National Landowners;
Højre
1876
1879
May1881
Jul.1881
1884
1887
1890
1892
Estrup
NG
H
13 7 August 1894 23 May 1897 Reedtz-ThottTage.jpg Tage Reedtz-Thott
(1839–1923)
Højre 1895 Reedz-Thott
H
14 23 May 1897 27 April 1900 Hørring HE.jpg Hugo Egmont Hørring
(1842–1909)
Højre 1898 Hørring
H
15 27 April 1900 24 July 1901 Hannibal Sehested 1900.jpg Hannibal Sehested
(1842–1924)
Højre Sehested
H
16 24 July 1901 14 January 1905 JHDeuntzer-vort folk.jpg Johan Henrik Deuntzer
(1845–1918)
Venstre Reform Party 1901
1903
Deuntzer
V
17 14 January 1905 24 July 1908 IC Christensen.png Jens Christian Christensen
(1856–1930)
Venstre Reform Party 1906 Christensen I
V
24 July 1908 12 October 1908 Christensen II
V

Council Presidents under Frederik VIII (1906–1912)[edit]

Took Office Left Office Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Party Election Government
18 12 October 1908 16 August 1909 Neergaard.jpg Niels Neergaard
(1854–1936)
Venstre Reform Party Neergaard I
V
19 16 August 1909 28 October 1909 HolsteinLedreborg.jpg Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg
(1839–1912)
Venstre Reform Party 1909 Holstein-Ledreborg
V
20 28 October 1909 5 July 1910 Zahle.jpg Carl Theodor Zahle
(1866–1946)
Danish Social Liberal Party Zahle I
R
21 5 July 1910 21 June 1913 BerntsenK.jpg Klaus Berntsen
(1844–1927)
Venstre 1910 Berntsen
V

Council Presidents under Christian X (1912–1947)[edit]

Took Office Left Office Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Party Election Government
(20) 21 June 1913 20 April 1918 Zahle.jpg Carl Theodor Zahle
(1866–1946)
Danish Social Liberal Party 1913
1915
Zahle II
R

List of Ministers of State (1918 – present)[edit]

State Ministers under Christian X (1912 — 1947)[edit]

Took Office Left Office Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Party Election Government
Coalition
(20) 21 April 1918 30 March 1920 Zahle.jpg Carl Theodor Zahle
(1866–1946)
Danish Social Liberal Party 1918 Zahle II
R
22 30 March 1920 5 April 1920 OttoLiebe.jpg Otto Liebe
(1860–1929)
Liebe
Caretaker Government
23 5 April 1920 5 May 1920 MPFriis.jpg Michael Pedersen Friis
(1857–1944)
Friis
Caretaker Government
(18) 5 May 1920 9 October 1922 Neergaard.jpg Niels Neergaard
(1854–1936)
Venstre Apr.1920
Jul.1920
Sep.1920
Neergaard II
V
9 October 1922 23 April 1924 Neergaard III
V
24 23 April 1924 14 December 1926 Stauning i1920-erne.jpg Thorvald Stauning
(1873–1942)
Social Democrat 1924 Stauning I
S
25 14 December 1926 30 April 1929 MadsenMygdal.jpg Thomas Madsen-Mygdal
(1876–1943)
Venstre 1926 Madsen-Mygdal
V
(24) 30 April 1929 4 November 1935 Stauning i1920-erne.jpg Thorvald Stauning
(1873–1942)
Social Democrat 1929
1932
Stauning II
S-R
4 November 1935 15 September 1939 1935 Stauning III
S-R
15 September 1939 10 April 1940 1939 Stauning IV
S-R
10 April 1940 8 July 1940 Stauning V
Unity Government
8 July 1940 3 May 1942 †[3] Stauning VI
Unity Government
26 4 May 1942 9 November 1942 Buhl vilhelm.jpg Vilhelm Buhl
(1881–1954)
Social Democrat Buhl I
Unity Government
27 9 November 1942 29 August 1943[4] Erik Scavenius.jpg Erik Scavenius
(1877–1962)
1943 Scavenius
Unity Government
29 August 1943[4] 5 May 1945 No Danish government. Office is assumed by the permanent secretary.
(26) 5 May 1945 7 November 1945 Buhl vilhelm.jpg Vilhelm Buhl
(1881–1954)
Social Democrat Buhl II
Unity Government
28 7 November 1945 13 November 1947 National Coat of arms of Denmark no crown.svg Knud Kristensen
(1880–1962)
Venstre 1945 Kristensen
V

State Ministers under Frederik IX (1947 — 1972)[edit]

Took Office Left Office Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Party Election Government
Coalition
29 13 November 1947 30 October 1950 Hans hedtoft.jpg Hans Hedtoft
(1903–1955)
Social Democrat 1947 Hedtoft I
S
30 30 October 1950 30 September 1953 Erik Eriksen.jpg Erik Eriksen
(1902–1972)
Venstre 1950
Apr.1953
Eriksen
V-K
(29) 30 September 1953 29 January 1955 †[5] Hans hedtoft.jpg Hans Hedtoft
(1903–1955)
Social Democrat Sep.1953 Hedtoft II
S
31 1 February 1955 28 May 1957 Hans Christian Svane Hansen.jpg Hans Christian Hansen
(1906–1960)
Social Democrat Hansen I
S
28 May 1957 19 February 1960 †[6] 1957 Hansen II
S-R-E
32 21 February 1960 18 November 1960 Viggo Kampmann.jpg Viggo Kampmann
(1910–1976)
Social Democrat Kampmann I
S-R-E
18 November 1960 3 September 1962 1960 Kampmann II
S-R
33 3 September 1962 29 September 1964 Jens Otto Krag 01.jpg Jens Otto Krag
(1914–1978)
Social Democrat Krag I
S-R
29 September 1964 2 February 1968 1964 Krag II
S
34 2 February 1968 11 October 1971 Baunsgaard 1970.jpg Hilmar Baunsgaard
(1920–1989)
Danish Social Liberal Party 1968 Baunsgard
R-K-V
(33) 11 October 1971 5 October 1972 Jens Otto Krag 01.jpg Jens Otto Krag
(1914–1978)
Social Democrat 1971 Krag III
S

State Ministers under Margrethe II (1972 — present)[edit]

Took Office Left Office Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Party Election Government
Coalition
35 5 October 1972 19 December 1973 Anker-jørgensen-cropped.jpg Anker Jørgensen
(1922– )
Social Democrat Jørgensen I
S
36 17 December 1973 13 February 1975 National Coat of arms of Denmark no crown.svg Poul Hartling
(1914–2000)
Venstre 1973 Hartling
V
(35) 13 February 1975 30 August 1978 Anker-jørgensen-cropped.jpg Anker Jørgensen
(1922– )
Social Democrat 1975 Jørgensen II
S-V
30 August 1978 26 October 1979 1977 Jørgensen III
S-V
26 October 1979 30 December 1981 1979 Jørgensen IV
S
30 December 1981 10 September 1982 1981 Jørgensen V
S
37 10 September 1982 10 September 1987 Poul Schluter.jpg Poul Schlüter
(1929– )
Conservative 1984 Schlüter I
K-V-CD-Kd
10 September 1987 3 June 1988 1987 Schlüter II
K-V-CD-Kd
3 June 1988 18 December 1990 1988 Schlüter III
K-V-R
18 December 1990 25 January 1993 1990 Schlüter IV
K-V
38 25 January 1993 27 September 1994 Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - EPP and PES PRESIDENTS DEBATE 21.01.2005 (21).jpg Poul Nyrup Rasmussen
(1943– )
Social Democrat P.N. Rasmussen I
S-CD-R-Kd
27 September 1994 30 December 1996 1994 P.N. Rasmussen II
S-R-CD
30 December 1996 23 March 1998 P.N. Rasmussen III
S-R
23 March 1998 27 November 2001 1998 P.N. Rasmussen IV
S-R
39 27 November 2001 18 February 2005 Anders Fogh Rasmussen - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2008.jpg Anders Fogh Rasmussen
(1953– )
Venstre 2001 A.F. Rasmussen I
V-K
18 February 2005 23 November 2007 2005 A.F. Rasmussen II
V-K
23 November 2007 5 April 2009 2007 A.F. Rasmussen III
V-K
40 5 April 2009 3 October 2011 Lars Løkke Rasmussen - 2009.jpg Lars Løkke Rasmussen
(1964– )
Venstre L.L. Rasmussen
V-K
41 3 October 2011 3 February 2014 Helle Thorning-Schmidt portrait.jpg Helle Thorning-Schmidt
(1966– )
Social Democrat 2011 Thorning-Schmidt I
S-R-SF
3 February 2014 Incumbent Thorning-Schmidt II
S-R

Timeline (since 1848)[edit]

Helle Thorning-Schmidt Lars Løkke Rasmussen Anders Fogh Rasmussen Poul Nyrup Rasmussen Poul Schlüter Anker Jørgensen Poul Hartling Anker Jørgensen Jens Otto Krag Hilmar Baunsgaard Jens Otto Krag Viggo Kampmann Hans Christian Hansen Hans Hedtoft Erik Eriksen Hans Hedtoft Knud Kristensen Vilhelm Buhl Erik Scavenius Vilhelm Buhl Thorvald Stauning Thomas Madsen-Mygdal Thorvald Stauning Niels Neergaard Michael Pedersen Friis Otto Liebe Carl Theodor Zahle Klaus Berntsen Carl Theodor Zahle Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg Niels Neergaard Jens Christian Christensen Johan Henrik Deuntzer Hannibal Sehested (council president) Hugo Egmont Hørring Tage Reedtz-Thott Jacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup Christen Andreas Fonnesbech Ludvig Holstein-Holsteinborg Christian Emil Frijs Christian Albrecht Bluhme Ditlev Gothard Monrad Carl Christian Hall Carl Edvard Rotwitt Carl Christian Hall Carl Christoffer Georg Andræ Peter Georg Bang Anders Sandøe Ørsted Christian Albrecht Bluhme Adam Wilhelm Moltke

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Different authorities provide contradictory accounts as to whether the period of Ludvig's occupation of the office in fact overlapped with that of his successor.
  2. ^ Carl Edvard Rotwitt died in office. Carl Frederik Blixen-Finecke was Acting Prime Minister 8 February 1860 – 24 February 1860.
  3. ^ Thorvald Stauning died in office. His successor was appointed the following day.
  4. ^ a b On 29 August 1943, the Danish government resigned, refusing to grant further concessions to Nazi Germany. All government operations were assumed by the permanent secretaries of the individual departments, and this arrangement lasted until the Liberation of Denmark on 5 May 1945. Since King Christian X never accepted the resignation of the government, it existed de jure until a new cabinet was formed on 5 May 1945.
  5. ^ Hans Hedtoft died in office. His successor was appointed three days later.
  6. ^ Hans Christian Hansen died in office. His successor was appointed two days later.

See also[edit]

References[edit]