Andre Hajdu

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Andre Hajdu, 2012

Andre Hajdu (Hebrew: אנדרה היידו‎; born 5 March 1932) is an Israeli composer and ethnomusicologist.

Biography[edit]

Andre Hajdu was born on 5 March 1932 in Hungary.

Andre Hajdu studied at Franz Liszt Academy of Music in Budapest with Endre Szervánszky and Ferenc Szabó (composition), Erno Szégedi (piano), and Zoltán Kodály (ethnomusicology). As a Kodály disciple, he was involved for two years in research about Gypsy musical culture and published several articles on this subject.[1]

After the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Hajdu escaped to Paris and continued his studies at the Conservatoire with Darius Milhaud (composition) and Olivier Messiaen (philosophy of music)[2] and obtained the 1st prize in the discipline.[citation needed]

Mira Zakai and Andre Hajdu in Jerusalem

Since 1966, he has been living in Jerusalem. He taught at the Tel Aviv Music Academy from 1966 to 1991 and at Bar-Ilan University since 1970. He served as chairman in the Music Department there and founded a composition department.

He has also studied Jewish Klezmer and Hassidic repertories and published several articles on this subject. As a composer he was and is deeply involved in Jewish topics, not only on the usual folkloristic or liturgical levels, but also confronted more abstract subjects of Jewish thought (Oral Law, philosophical books of the Bible) as well as Jewish History.

A majority of works are dedicated to music-teaching, especially piano and theory through a creative approach (involving the player to the process of composing) e.g. Milky Way, Art of Piano-playing, Book of Challenges, Concerto for 10 young pianists. All this is connected with the practice of creative teaching in the School for Excellence in Jerusalem, an experimental school for a new approach to music teaching.

As an educator, Hajdu, through his devotion to teaching, has nurtured some of the leading talents of Israeli musicians; among his students are many prominent composers, including Gil Shohat,[3] Yonatan Razel,[4] Yoni Rechter, Shem Tov Levi,[5] Matti Kovler[6] and Matan Porat.

Awards[edit]

  • In 1955, Hajdu won the first prize with his Gypsy Cantata at the competition of the World Festival of Youth in Warsaw.
  • In 1997, he was awarded the Israel Prize, for music.[7]

Selected works[edit]

Scenic
  • Ludus Paschalis, a medieval passover play (1970)
  • The Story of Jonas, Opera for children's choir (1985–1987)
  • Koheleth (Ecclesiaste), a biblical recitation with 4 celli
Orchestral
  • Petit enfer (1959)
  • The Unbearable Intensity of Youth (1976)
  • Bashful Serenades for clarinet and orchestra (1979)
  • On Light and Depth (1983–1984)
  • Concerto for an Ending Century for piano and orchestra (1990)
  • Continuum for 15 players and piano (1995)
Strings
  • Truath Melech (Rhapsody on Jewish Themes) for clarinet and string orchestra (1974)
  • The False Prophet for narrator and string orchestra (1977)
  • Divertimento (1988)
  • Overture in Form of a Kite (1985)
Chamber
  • 5 Sketches in Sentimental Mood for piano quartet (1976)
  • Instants suspendus for violin, viola or cello solo (1978)
  • Sonatine à la française (Sonatina in French Style) for flute and cello (1990)
  • Variations for string quartet (1997)
  • Birth of a Niggun for flute, clarinet and piano (1998)
  • Mishna-Variations for string quartet (1998)
  • Music for Three for violin, cello and piano (1999)
Piano
  • Plasmas (1957)
  • Diary from Sidi-Bou Said (1960)
  • Journey around My Piano (1963)
  • Noir sur blanc (1988)
  • Metamorphoses (1997)
  • 5 Inventions for piano 4-hands (1983)
Songs
  • The Floating Tower (Mishnayoth) (1972–1973)
  • Bestiary (Ted Hughes) (1993)
  • Merry Feet (1998)
  • Nursery Songs
Vocal-orchestral
  • Cycles of Life, Cantata (1985)
  • Dreams of Spain (1991); about the expulsion of the Jews from Spain
  • Job and His Comforters, Biblical and Historical Oratorio (1995)
Choral
  • House of Shaul for mixed chorus (1974)
  • The Question of the Sons (1974)
  • Bitzinioth Nov (Song of the Sea) (1973)
  • Mishnayoth (1972–1973)
  • Proverbs of Solomon for choir and percussion (1978)

Discography[edit]

  • On Light and Depth. I.M.I. (Israel)
  • Ecclesiaste R.C.A. Victor (France)
  • Dreams of Spain - Hungaroton (Budapest)
  • Concerto for an ending century - Hungaroton (Budapest)
  • Truath Melech. Plane (Germany)

These compositions were widely played in Israel and abroad by orchestras and ensembles such as

  • Israel Philharmonic
  • Jerusalem Radio
  • Haifa Symphony
  • Beer-Sheba Sinfonietta
  • München Philharmonic
  • Philadelphia Symphony
  • Leningrad Symphony
  • Ensemble 2e2m
  • Sofia Philharmonic Choir and Orchestra

Gemeinschaftskonzert des Philharmonischen Kammerorchesters Wernigerode und der Kreismusikschule Harz, Germany

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schleifer 2001.
  2. ^ Schleifer 2001
  3. ^ "gilshohat.com". gilshohat.com. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  4. ^ "yonatanrazel.com". yonatanrazel.com. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  5. ^ "Shem-Tov Levi". Israel-music.com. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  6. ^ mattikovler.com
  7. ^ "Israel Prize Official Site - Recipients in 1997" (in Hebrew). 
  • Kennedy, Michael (2006). The Oxford Dictionary of Music, second edition. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-861459-4
  • Schleifer, Eliyahu (2001). "Hajdu, André". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]