Andrija Puharich

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Andrija Puharich
Born February 19, 1918
Chicago, Illinois
Died January 3, 1995
Dobson, North Carolina
Residence "Devotion" (R. J. Reynolds Family Estate)
Occupation Inventor, Parapsychologist, Physician

Andrija Puharich, MD - (born Karel Puharić, February 19, 1918 - January 3, 1995) was a medical and parapsychological researcher, medical inventor and author, known as the person who brought Israeli Uri Geller and Dutch-born Peter Hurkos (1911-1988) to the United States for scientific investigation.

Biography[edit]

Born in Chicago, Illinois, he was the son of poor Croatian immigrants. His father had entered the U. S. in 1912 as a stowaway. At home Karel's parents always called him "Andrija," which apparently wasn't his name at birth but just his parents' nickname for him. When Karel, as a young boy, started attending school, his parents enrolled him under the name "Henry Karl Puharich," feeling he would be more easily accepted with that name than with the foreign-sounding name "Karel Puharić."[1] Thereafter he often signed his name as "Henry Karl Puharich." He didn't start using his nickname "Andrija" as his first name until sometime in the later part of his life.

In 1947, Puharich graduated from the Northwestern University School of Medicine. His residency was completed at Permanente Hospital in California, where he specialized in Internal Medicine. Puharich was a U.S. Army officer in the early 1950s. During that time, he was in and out of Edgewood Arsenal Research Laboratories and Fort Detrick, meeting with various high-ranking officers and officials, primarily from the Pentagon, CIA, and Naval Intelligence.[2] The Edgewood Arsenal is currently officially called the Edgewood Area of Aberdeen Proving Ground.

Of his many books, Puharich wrote a supportive biography of Uri Geller, a paranormal case he investigated with the help of Itzhak Bentov, among others. Before that he investigated favorably the Brazilian psychic surgeon Zé Arigó. Puharich also investigated Mexican psychic surgeon Pachita. One of his books is The Sacred Mushroom: Key to the Door of Eternity, describes his work with psychics. In 1960, Puharich investigated materialization séances at Camp Chesterfield and discovered the use of cheesecloth being used to fake ectoplasm.[3]

Two of the most famous of Puharich's over 50 patents were devices that assist hearing - the "Means For Aiding Hearing" U.S. Patent 2,995,633 and "Method And Apparatus For Improving Neural Performance In Human Subjects By Electrotherapy" U.S. Patent 3,563,246". He was also granted a U.S. Patent 4,394,230 in 1983 for a "Method and Apparatus for Splitting Water Molecules." His research included studying the influence of extremely low frequency ELF electromagnetic wave emissions on the mind, and he invented several devices allegedly blocking or converting ELF waves to prevent harm.

Puharich claimed he had investigated the effects of a low frequency radiation beam that the Soviet Union had been testing. According to Puharich the beam was based on the work of Nikola Tesla and could be used as a weapon to control people. He also claimed the beam was responsible for climatic disturbances, earthquakes, Legionnaires' disease and violent riots. Puharich wrote Tesla was contacted several times by extraterrestrials.[4]

Dr. Andrija Puharich played himself on Perry Mason, in the episode, "The Case of the Meddling Medium," in 1961. He conducted a series of three tests to help determine the ESP of Mason's client accused of murder. During the third test the actual murderer was exposed.

While working in Mexico, Puharich married and was later divorced by the future founder and director of The American Visionary Art Museum, Rebecca Alban Hoffberger.

Peter Hurkos[edit]

Puharich was impressed by the stories about the Dutch psychic Peter Hurkos and invited him to the USA in 1956 to investigate his alleged psychic abilities. Hurkos was studied at Puharich’s Glen Cove, Maine, medical research laboratory under what Puharich considered to be controlled conditions. The results convinced Puharich that Hurkos had genuine psychic abilities.[5] However the experiments were not repeated by other scientists.[6] Puharich was described as a "credulous investigator."[7] Raymond Buckland has written "with the exception of Dr. Andrija Puharich, not a single recognized psychic investigator has been impressed with Hurkos's performances."[8]

Uri Geller[edit]

Puharich met Uri Geller in 1971 and endorsed him as a genuine psychic, he claimed Geller was sent to earth by extraterrestrials from a spaceship fifty-three thousand light years away [9], that was subsequently disowned by Geller. [10] In 1974, Puharich claimed he had observed Geller transmute base metal into gold by psychic power.[11] Puharich also claimed that Geller teleported a dog through the walls of his house. Martin Gardner wrote as "no expert on fraud was there as an observer" then nobody should take the claim of Puharich seriously.[12] His paranormal claims about Geller were criticized by the psychologist David Marks.[13]

In his biography of Geller, Uri: A Journal of the Mystery of Uri Geller (1974) Puharich claimed that with Geller he had communicated with super intelligent computers from outer space. According to Puharich the computers sent messages to warn humanity that a disaster is likely to occur if humans do not change their ways.[14] Puharich claimed that extraterrestrial beings had communicated to him that Geller was the chosen savior of mankind and had been given the ability to contact flying saucers and perform paranormal phenomena such as psychokinesis, spoon bending, telepathy and teleportation. He also claimed to have experienced poltergeist phenomena with Geller. The psychologist Christopher Evans who reviewed the book in the New Scientist, wrote that although Puharich believed in every word he had written, the book was credulous and "those fans of Geller's who might have hoped to have used the book as ammunition to impress the sceptics. They will be the most disappointed of all".[14] James Randi has written the biography contained "silly theories" but was "both a boost and a millstone to Geller".[15]

Publications[edit]

  • Effects of Tesla's Life and Electrical Inventions (Essay on Nikola Tesla)
  • The Sacred Mushroom: Key to the Door of Eternity
  • Beyond Telepathy, Intro by Ira Einhorn
  • Uri: A Journal of the Mystery of Uri Geller. Anchor Press / Doubleday (1974) ISBN 0-385-00992-5
  • The Iceland Papers, Editor
  • Magnetic Model of Matter
  • ELF Magnetic Model Of Matter And Mind
  • Origin Of Life
  • Art Of Healing
  • Tesla's Magnifying Transmitter

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hermans, H. G. M. (1998). Memories of a Maverick. Chapter 2 "Early Life and Adolescent".
  2. ^ Albarelli, H. P. (2009). A Terrible Mistake: The Murder of Frank Olson and the CIA's Secret Cold War Experiments. Trine Day. p. 53. ISBN 978-0977795376
  3. ^ Melton, John. (2007). The Encyclopedia of Religious Phenomena. Visible Ink Press. p. 96. ISBN 978-1578592098
  4. ^ Hussain, Farooq. (1977). Is Legionnaire's disease a Russian plot?. New Scientist. 15 December. p. 710
  5. ^ Guiley, Rosemary. (1991). Harper's Encyclopedia of Mystical and Paranormal Experience. HarperCollins. p. 271. ISBN 978-0062503664
  6. ^ Christopher, Milbourne. (1975). Peter Hurkos — Psychic Sleuth. In Mediums, Mystics and the Occult. Thomas Y. Crowell. pp. 66-76. ISBN 978-0690004762
  7. ^ Mind Over Matter. (1988). Time-Life Books. p. 28. ISBN 978-0809463367 "Geller got all he wished for with the arrival of Dr. Andrija Puharich, an American physician with impeccable credentials in medical research and a reputation as a somewhat credulous investigator of paranormal matters."
  8. ^ Buckland, Raymond. (2003). The Fortune-Telling Book: The Encyclopedia of Divination and Soothsaying. Visible Ink Press. p. 246. ISBN 978-1578591473
  9. ^ Samuel, Lawrence. (2011). Supernatural America: A Cultural History. Praeger. pp. 100-101. ISBN 978-0313398995
  10. ^ Journal of Alternative Realities, Volume 7, Number 1, 1999. "He [Geller] admitted to embarrassment about the claims in Andrija Puharich's 1974 book Uri: A Journal of the Mystery of Uri Geller. They apparently arose from dreamlike hypnotic sessions during which Geller gave his imagination full rein." Geller
  11. ^ Bell, John; Whaley, Barton. (1991). Cheating and Deception. Transaction Publishers. p. 324. ISBN 978-0887388682
  12. ^ Kurtz, Paul. (1985). A Skeptic's Handbook of Parapsychology. Prometheus Books. p. 356. ISBN 978-0879753009
  13. ^ Marks, David; Kammann, Richard. (2000). The Psychology of the Psychic. Prometheus Books. pp. 91-125. ISBN 1-57392-798-8
  14. ^ a b Evans, Christopher. (1974). Integral fruitage. New Scientist. 25 April. p. 191
  15. ^ Randi, James. (1982). The Truth About Uri Geller. Prometheus Books. p. 24. ISBN 978-0879751999

External links[edit]