Penny Hardaway

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Anfernee "Penny" Hardaway
Penny Hardaway.jpg
No. 1, 7
Combo guard / Small forward
Personal information
Born (1971-07-18) July 18, 1971 (age 42)
Memphis, Tennessee
Nationality American
Listed height 6 ft 7 in (201 cm)
Listed weight 195 lb (88 kg)
Career information
High school Treadwell (Memphis, Tennessee)
College Memphis (1991–1993)
NBA draft 1993 / Round: 1 / Pick: 3rd overall
Selected by the Golden State Warriors
Pro playing career 1993–2007
Career history
19931999 Orlando Magic
19992004 Phoenix Suns
2004–2006 New York Knicks
2007 Miami Heat
Career highlights and awards
Career NBA statistics
Points 10,684 (15.2 ppg)
Assists 3,525 (5.0 apg)
Steals 1,125 (1.6 spg)
Stats at Basketball-Reference.com

Anfernee Deon "Penny" Hardaway (born July 18, 1971) is an American former professional basketball player who played in the National Basketball Association (NBA), specializing as an unconventionally tall point guard. His most productive years came in his days as a member of the Orlando Magic as well as the early portion of his stint with the Phoenix Suns. Hardaway was an All-NBA player early in his career, but was plagued by constant injuries which gradually reduced his effectiveness. He played for the New York Knicks from 2004 to 2006 and last played for the Miami Heat, who released him December 12, 2007.

Beginnings[edit]

Hardaway's nickname came as a result of his grandmother's calling him "Pretty" with a southern drawl, thus sounding like "Penny."[1] Hardaway was raised by his grandmother while his mother was away working. His first love was football but his grandmother did not want him to get hurt. He grew up in the Binghampton neighborhood of shotgun houses in Memphis, Tennessee. As a teenager, despite his rising popularity around the city, in high school, and the nation, Penny continued to work as a referee of youth sports at the Memphis YMCA and played on the Memphis Y.M.C.A. Jr. Olympic basketball teams as a youth.

High school career[edit]

Hardaway grew up playing basketball in Memphis for Treadwell High School, where he averaged 36.6 points, 10.1 rebounds, 6.2 assists, 3.9 steals, and 2.8 blocks as a senior and was named Parade Magazine National High School player of the year. He finished his high school career with 3,039 points. Hardaway then committed to Memphis State University (known as the University of Memphis since 1994).

College career[edit]

Hardaway had to sit out the 1990–91 season due to being academically ineligible. He wound up making the Dean's List with a 3.4 grade point average as an education major. During his freshman season, Hardaway was robbed at gunpoint and then struck by a stray bullet in the foot, putting his career in jeopardy.[2]

1991–1992[edit]

In the summer of 1992 Hardaway was selected to the 1992 USA Basketball Developmental Team that scrimmaged daily against the 1992 Olympic Team.[3] Penny was teammates with Chris Webber, Bobby Hurley, Jamal Mashburn, Rodney Rogers, Eric Montross, Grant Hill, and Allan Houston. The USA Basketball Developmental Team was the only team to beat Team USA in 1992.

1992–1993[edit]

Hardaway returned for his junior season (1992–93) and bettered his numbers from the previous season. He averaged 22.8 ppg, 8.5 rpg, 6.4 apg, 2.4 spg, and 1.2 bpg. He accumulated two triple doubles. He was again named an All-American. He also was a finalist for the Naismith College Player of the Year and the John R. Wooden Award that are annually given the most outstanding player in college basketball.

Penny majored in Education at Memphis State, achieved a 3.4 cumulative GPA, but passed up his senior season to enter the 1993 NBA Draft. In 1994, Memphis State retired #25, Penny's number while playing for the Tigers. Penny returned to University of Memphis in May 2003 and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in professional studies, 10 years after leaving school early to turn pro.

Hardaway was named #5 on the list of top 100 modern college point guards by collegehoopsnet.com.[4] Additionally, he was a leading vote getter on ESPN Conference USA Silver Anniversary Team.[5]

NBA career[edit]

Orlando Magic (1993–1999)[edit]

Hardaway was selected by the Golden State Warriors in the first round of the 1993 NBA Draft (third pick overall), but was traded along with three future first-round picks to the Orlando Magic for the rights to first overall pick Chris Webber. The Magic's intent was to draft Webber and pair him with Shaquille O'Neal until Hardaway – whose desire was to play alongside O'Neal – requested a second workout to show why he should be their pick. Two days before the draft, Hardaway participated in a pick-up basketball game with several Magic players and local talent and impressed the organization enough to make the draft day trade.[6]

He started out the season at the shooting guard position while he learned the point guard position from veteran Scott Skiles. By mid-season he took over point guard duties from Skiles. He immediately made an impact on the league, winning the MVP award at the inaugural Schick Rookie Game. Hardaway helped the Magic to their first playoff berth and first 50-win season. He averaged 16 points, 6.6 assists, 5.4 rebounds per game while his 190 steals ranked 6th in the league. He recorded his first career triple double on April 15 when he registered 14 points, 12 assists, and 11 rebounds against the Boston Celtics. For his efforts he was named to the NBA All-Rookie first team and was the runner-up for Rookie of the Year to Chris Webber.

During the 1994–95 NBA season, the Magic won a franchise record 57 games while Hardaway averaged 20.9 points, 7.2 assists, 4.4 rebounds, and 1.7 steals per game. He was named a starter in his first NBA All-Star game and was named All-NBA First Team. The highlight of the playoff run was the second-round defeat of the Chicago Bulls. Along with Shaquille O'Neal, he led his team to the NBA Finals, where they were swept by the Houston Rockets. Despite the sweep Hardaway averaged 24.5 points, 4.8 rebounds and 8 assists in the series, while shooting 50% from the field.

An injury to star teammate Shaquille O'Neal at the start of the 1995-96 NBA season forced Hardaway to garner more of the scoring load during the first few weeks of the season. He responded by leading the Magic to a 17–5 start. He was named NBA Player of the Month for November by averaging 27.0 points, 6.5 assists, 5.8 rebounds, 2.2 steals, and 1 block per game.[7] He was named a starter in the NBA All-Star Game for the second consecutive season while leading the Magic to a franchise record 60 wins. For the season he was named to the All-NBA First Team for the second consecutive year while averaging 21.7 points, 7.1 assists and 4.3 rebounds and capturing 166 steals which was good for 5th in the league. He also finished third in MVP voting.[8] Hardaway was again the only player in the NBA who averaged at least twenty points and five assists and shot fifty percent on field goals during the regular season. The Magic's playoff run ended in the Eastern Conference Finals to the eventual champion (and all-time regular season victories record setter) Chicago Bulls. In the twelve-game playoff run Hardaway averaged 23.3 points, 6 assists, and 4.7 rebounds.

During the summer of 1996, Hardaway played on the 1996 US Olympic Games Basketball Team, which won a gold medal. Hardaway averaged 9 points, 4.4 assists, 2.8 rebounds, and 1.4 steals in the eight games.[9] His two biggest contributions were in the quarterfinal game against Brazil where he chipped in 14 points and in the Gold Medal game against Yugoslavia where he scored 17 points.

The departure of O'Neal during the off-season to the Los Angeles Lakers left Hardaway as the lone star on the Magic heading into the 1996–97 NBA season. Hardaway struggled through an injury-filled season but still managed to be named a starter for the third consecutive time in the NBA All-Star game. During the season, Hardaway, being the team leader, led a coup to fire then coach Brian Hill with only 33 games left during the season.[10][11] In 59 regular-season games he averaged 20.5 points, 5.6 assists, 4.5 rebounds, and 1.6 steals per game and was named to the All-NBA Third Team. The Magic managed to make the playoffs with a 45-win season. In the playoffs the Magic fell 0–2 to the Miami Heat in the first round. Hardaway then scored 42 points in game 3 and 41 in Game 4 to force a Game 5 in Miami (becoming the 1st player in NBA history to score 40 points in back to back playoff games when his team scores less than 100 while also being the first player to score 40 points back to back in the playoffs against a Pat Riley-coached team). Hardaway scored 33 points in Game 5 but the Magic fell short. Hardaway finished the playoffs with averages of 31 points, 6 rebounds, 3.4 assists, 2.4 steals, and 1.4 blocks per game. His playoff scoring average finished a close second to Michael Jordan (31.1).

A devastating left knee injury incurred early in the 1997-98 NBA season required surgery and forced him to miss the majority of the season. Despite injury, he was voted to start NBA All-Star Game for fourth straight year, and had six points and three assists in 12 minutes at New York. However, he was criticized[by whom?] for attempting a comeback sooner than expected by playing in the All-Star Game. He played his last game a week after the All-Star game and missed the remainder of the season (Hardaway has since endured another four surgeries on his left knee up to the present that have gradually deteriorated his explosive athletic abilities). In 19 games he averaged 16.4 points, 4 rebounds, 3.6 assists, and 1.5 steals.

Hardaway returned during the lockout-shortened 1999 season and managed to play in all 50 regular-season games to lead the Magic to a share of the best regular-season record in the Eastern Conference. He averaged 15.8 points, 5.7 rebounds and 5.3 assists, and his 111 steals placed him 5th in the league. The Magic then lost a first-round series to the Philadelphia 76ers in which Hardaway averaged 19 points, 5.5 assists, 5 rebounds, and 2.3 steals. It would prove to be his final season in Orlando.

In the Summer of 1999, at the urging of Phoenix Suns' point guard Jason Kidd,[12] Hardaway was traded to the Phoenix Suns for Danny Manning, Pat Garrity and two future first round-draft picks.[13]

In 369 regular season games with the Magic, Hardaway averaged 19 points, 6.3 assists, 4.7 rebounds, and 1.9 steals per game. In 45 playoff games he averaged 21.8 points, 6.5 assists, 4.9 rebounds, and 1.9 steals.

Phoenix Suns (1999–2004)[edit]

Hardaway landed in Phoenix via a sign-and-trade with Orlando before the start of 1999–2000 NBA season to team with fellow All-Star guard Jason Kidd, forming what the Suns labeled BackCourt 2000.[12] Injuries to Hardaway's foot and Kidd's ankle allowed them to play just 45 games together (33–12 with both in lineup). In 60 games Hardaway averaged 16.9 points, 5.8 rebounds, 5.3 assists, and 1.6 steals with a 42–18 record. The Suns finished with a 53–29 record and a 5th seed in the Western Conference Playoffs. The ankle injury to Kidd forced him to miss most of the first-round series against the defending champion San Antonio Spurs. Hardaway stepped up and recorded a 17-point, 13-assist, 12-rebound triple-double in a crucial Game 3 win.[14] The Suns disposed of the Spurs in four games. The Conference Semi-Finals pitted Hardaway against his former teammate Shaquille O'Neal and the Lakers. The Suns fell short to the eventual champion Lakers in 5 games. Hardaway averaged 20.3 points, 5.7 assists, 4.9 rebounds, 1.6 steals, and 1 block per game during the nine playoff games.

The outlook was optimistic heading into the 2000–01 NBA season, but two microfracture surgeries on his left knee forced Hardaway to miss all but four games during the season. In those four games he averaged 9.8 points, 4.5 rebounds, 3.8 assists, and 1.5 steals.

Hardaway entered the 2001-02 NBA season healthy and managed to play in 80 regular-season games. Kidd had been dealt to the New Jersey Nets for new point guard Stephon Marbury. Kidd's pass-first style was switched with Marbury's shoot-first style which led to Hardaway and Marbury butting heads. Hardaway managed to average 19.9 points, 5.4 rebounds, 4.6 assists, and 1.7 steals during the month of November. The team traded for guard Joe Johnson during the season which relegated Hardaway to the bench for the first time in his career. Despite this he averaged 12 points, 4.4 rebounds, 4.1 assists, and 1.5 steals during the regular season.

Hardaway entered the 2002-03 NBA season coming off the bench. Inconsistent play by young Joe Johnson allowed Hardaway to get back into the starting lineup early in the season. His steady veteran play was a key component to a team that had young stars such as Marbury, Amar'e Stoudemire, and Shawn Marion. Hardaway did miss 24 games with a hand injury in which the team went 10–14 in his absence. He returned in time to record a 10-point, 10-assist, 10-rebound triple-double on April 9 against the Dallas Mavericks. Hardaway finished the regular season averaging 10.6 points, 4.4 rebounds, 4.1 assists, and 1.1 steals. The Suns gave the eventual Champion San Antonio Spurs a scare in the first round before losing in six games. Hardaway averaged 12.7 points, 6 rebounds, 4.3 assists, and 2.2 steals in the series.

The 2003-04 NBA season saw Hardaway shuffle in and out of the Suns starting lineup. He was traded to the New York Knicks January 6, 2004 along with Marbury and Cezary Trybanski. He averaged 8.7 points, 2.9 rebounds, and 2.9 assists in 34 games for the Suns. Phoenix used the cap room that was carved out via this trade to sign free-agent point guard Steve Nash to a huge deal starting in 2004–05.

In 236 regular season games with the Suns he averaged 12.4 points, 4.5 rebounds, 4.2 assists, and 1.3 steals. In 15 playoff games he averaged 17.3 points, 5.3 rebounds, 5.1 assists, and 1.8 steals.

New York Knicks (2004–2006)[edit]

Hardaway and Marbury helped lead the Knicks to the 2004 NBA Playoffs. In 42 regular-season games with the Knicks, Hardaway averaged 9.6 points, 4.5 rebounds, 1.9 assists, and 1 steal. In 76 total games during the season he averaged 9.2 points, 3.8 rebounds, and 2.3 assists. In the playoffs the Knicks lost in the first round to the New Jersey Nets. Hardaway led the Knicks in scoring in two playoff games while averaging 16.5 points, 5.8 assists, 4.5 rebounds, and 1.5 steals in the series.

Hardaway spent most of 2004-05 NBA season fighting various injuries. He averaged 11.9 points, 2.6 assists, and 2.5 rebounds in an 11-game span during the middle part of the season. He finished the season averaging 7.3 points, 2.4 rebounds, and 2 assists in 37 games.

Hardaway played just four games for the Knicks in the 2005-06 NBA season while trying to rehabilitate arthritic knees.[13] He averaged 2.5 points, 2.5 rebounds, and 2 assists in those games.

In 83 games for the Knicks he averaged 8.2 points, 3.5 rebounds, and 1.9 assists.

Hardaway was traded back to Orlando, along with Trevor Ariza, for Steve Francis on February 22, 2006, and waived by the Magic on February 27 to save money when his contract expired the following summer.

Miami Heat (2007)[edit]

On August 9, 2007, Hardaway was signed by the Miami Heat for the veteran's minimum,[15] reuniting him with former teammate Shaquille O'Neal.[13] He wore jersey number 7, marking the first time in his pro career that he didn't wear number 1. On December 12, 2007, he was waived by the Miami Heat in order to free up a team spot for free agent Luke Jackson. In 16 regular season games, he averaged 3.8 points, 2.2 rebounds, 2.2 assists & 1.19 steals. His best game of the season was on November 17, with 6–6 shooting for 16 points in a win over the New Jersey Nets 91–87 on the road.

Career statistics[edit]

Regular season[edit]

Year Team GP GS MPG FG% 3P% FT% RPG APG SPG BPG PPG
1993–94 Orlando 82 82 36.8 .466 .267 .742 5.4 6.6 2.3 0.6 16.0
1994–95 Orlando 77 77 37.7 .512 .349 .769 4.4 7.2 1.7 0.3 20.9
1995–96 Orlando 82 82 36.8 .513 .314 .767 4.3 7.1 2.0 0.5 21.7
1996–97 Orlando 59 59 37.6 .447 .318 .820 4.5 5.6 1.6 0.6 20.5
1997–98 Orlando 19 15 32.9 .377 .300 .763 4.0 3.6 1.5 0.8 16.4
1998–99 Orlando 50 50 38.9 .420 .286 .706 5.7 5.3 2.2 0.5 15.8
1999–00 Phoenix 60 60 37.6 .474 .324 .790 5.8 5.3 1.6 0.6 16.9
2000–01 Phoenix 4 4 28.0 .417 .250 .636 4.5 3.8 1.5 0.3 9.8
2001–02 Phoenix 80 56 30.8 .418 .277 .810 4.4 4.1 1.5 0.4 12.0
2002–03 Phoenix 58 51 30.6 .447 .356 .794 4.4 4.1 1.1 0.4 10.6
2003–04 Phoenix 34 10 25.8 .443 .400 .857 2.9 2.9 0.8 0.2 9.7
2003–04 New York 42 4 29.0 .390 .364 .775 4.5 1.9 1.0 0.3 9.6
2004–05 New York 37 0 24.2 .423 .300 .739 2.4 2.0 0.8 0.1 7.3
2005–06 New York 4 0 18.0 .286 .000 1.000 2.5 2.0 0.5 0.0 2.5
2007–08 Miami 16 8 20.3 .367 .421 .889 2.2 2.2 1.2 0.1 3.8
Career 704 558 33.7 .458 .316 .774 4.5 5.0 1.6 0.4 15.2
All-Star 4 4 24.5 .625 .417 .833 3.7 6.0 1.0 0.0 13.7

Playoffs[edit]

Year Team GP GS MPG FG% 3P% FT% RPG APG SPG BPG PPG
1993–94 Orlando 3 3 44.3 .440 .455 .700 6.7 7.0 1.7 2.0 18.7
1994–95 Orlando 21 21 40.4 .472 .404 .757 3.8 7.7 1.9 0.7 19.6
1995–96 Orlando 12 12 39.4 .465 .364 .744 4.7 6.0 1.7 0.3 23.3
1996–97 Orlando 5 5 44.0 .468 .367 .741 6.0 3.4 2.4 1.4 31.0
1998–99 Orlando 4 4 41.8 .351 .462 .769 5.0 5.5 2.3 0.3 19.0
1999–00 Phoenix 9 9 42.9 .462 .263 .710 4.9 5.7 1.6 1.2 20.3
2002–03 Phoenix 6 6 40.7 .386 .360 .722 6.0 4.3 2.2 0.8 12.7
2003–04 New York 4 3 42.0 .365 .357 .833 4.5 5.8 1.5 0.3 16.5
Career 64 63 41.3 .448 .380 .746 4.7 6.2 1.9 0.8 20.4

Appearances on regular season leader board[edit]

  • Top 10 Games Played: 1994, 1996, 1999
  • Top 10 Minutes Played: 1994, 1999
  • Top 10 Field Goals: 1996
  • Top 10 Free Throws: 1996
  • Top 10 Free Throws Attempted: 1996
  • Top 15 Points: 1995, 1996
  • Top 15 Assists: 1994, 1995, 1996
  • Top 10 Steals: 1994, 1996, 1999
  • Top 10 Player Efficiency Rating: 1996

Appearances on playoff leader board[edit]

  • Top 10 Minutes Per Game: 1994 (3rd), 1997 (4th), 1999, 2000, 2004
  • Top 5 Games Played: 1995
  • Top 10 Field Goals: 1995, 1996
  • Top 10 Free Throws Made: 1995, 1996
  • Top 10 3PT Field Goals: 1995
  • Top 10 Assists Per Game: 1994, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2004
  • Top 10 Points: 1995 (5th), 1996
  • Top 10 Points Per Game: 1996, 1997 (2nd)
  • Top 5 Steals: 1995, 1997 (3rd), 1999 (5th), 2003 (4th)

Career awards/accomplishments[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Anfernee Hardaway Bio Page". NBA.com. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ Memphis Commercial Appeal Mobile. M.commercialappeal.com. Retrieved on 2012-08-16.
  3. ^ USAB: USA Men's Developmental Team – 1992. Usabasketball.com. Retrieved on 2012-08-16.
  4. ^ – Top 100 Point Guards (Modern Era). Collegehoopsnet.com (2005-11-25). Retrieved on 2012-08-16.
  5. ^ "ESPN Silver Anniversary Teams". ESPN.com. 2004-01-24. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  6. ^ Print Page – Hardaway looks back on Magic years. Onnidan1.com (2010-08-02). Retrieved on 2012-08-16.
  7. ^ Powell, Shaun (1995). "Move over, Michael: it's Penny's league now". The Sporting News. 
  8. ^ 1995–96 NBA Awards Voting –. Basketball-reference.com. Retrieved on 2012-08-16.
  9. ^ Games of the XXVIth Olympiad – 1996 at the Wayback Machine (archived November 26, 2007). usabasketball.com
  10. ^ Brian Hill Is Out as Magic Coach, NBA Official Says. TheLedger.com. Retrieved on 2012-08-16.
  11. ^ Magic trade Francis for Penny at the Wayback Machine (archived February 6, 2008). Associated Press (2006-02-23).
  12. ^ a b "Penny Presser". NBA.com/suns. 1999-08-05. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  13. ^ a b c "Hardaway signs with Heat, reunites with Shaq". ESPN. 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  14. ^ "1999–2000 Season Recap". NBA.com/suns. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  15. ^ Duncan, Andrew (2007-08-10). "Heat Sign Penny Hardaway". eNews 2.0. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 

External links[edit]