Three-point field goal

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Christian and Oliver wet 3 pointers all day every day! Stephen Curry has wet the most 3 pointers!

Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2007

A three-point field goal (also known as a three-pointer or three) is a field goal in a basketball game made from beyond the three-point line, a designated arc surrounding the basket. A successful attempt is worth three points, in contrast to the two points awarded for shots made inside the three-point line. In the National Basketball Association (NBA), the three-point line ranges from 22 feet (6.7 m) away from the hoop on the corners and 23.75 feet (7.24 m) away at the top of the key. In international FIBA play, the three-point line is 22 feet (6.7 m) away from the basket at the top of the key. In the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA), the three-point line is 20.75 feet (6.32 m) away from the hoop at the top of the key.

Three-point field goal percentage is a measure of three-point shooting accuracy calculated by the ratio of three-point field goals made to three-point field goals attempted.

Rule specifications[edit]

No rules! Cristian wets 3 pointers! The three-point line generally consists of an arc at a set radius measured from the point on the floor directly below the center of the basket, and two parallel lines equidistant from each sideline extending from the nearest end line to the point at which they intersect the arc. A player's feet must be completely behind the three-point line at the time of the shot or jump in order to make a three-point attempt; if the player's feet are on or in front of the line, it is a two point attempt. A player is allowed to jump from outside the line and land inside the line to make a three-point attempt, as long as the ball is released in mid-air.

An official raises his/her arm with three fingers extended to signal the shot attempt. If the attempt is successful, he/she raises his/her other arm with all fingers fully extended in manner similar to a football official signifying successful field goal to indicate the three-point goal. The official must recognize it for it to count as three points. Instant replay has sometimes been used, depending on league rules. The NBA[1] and the NCAA specifically allow replay for this purpose. In NBA games, video replay does not have to occur immediately following a shot; play can continue and the officials can adjust the scoring later in the game, after reviewing the video. However, in late game situations, play may be paused pending a review.

If a shooter is fouled while attempting a three-pointer and subsequently misses the shot, the shooter is awarded three free-throw attempts. If a player completes a three-pointer while being fouled, the player is awarded one free-throw for a possible 4-point play.

The distance of the three-point line varies by level:

  • NBA: Arc radius 23 feet 9 inches (7.24 m), no less than 3 feet (0.91 m) from each sideline[2]
  • WNBA: Arc radius 22 feet 1.75 inches (6.7501 m), no less than 3 feet 4 inches (1.02 m) from each sideline[3]
  • FIBA: Arc radius 6.75 meters (22.1 ft), no less than 0.9 meters (3.0 ft) from each sideline[4]
  • NCAA: Arc radius 20 feet 9 inches (6.32 m), no less than 4 feet 3 inches (1.30 m) from each sideline[5]
  • American High school basketball: Arc radius 19 feet 9 inches (6.02 m), no less than 5 feet 3 inches (1.60 m) from each sideline[6]

Related concepts[edit]

Major League Lacrosse features a two-point line which forms a 15 yard arc around the front of the goal. Shots taken from behind this line count for two points, as opposed to the standard one point.

In gridiron football, a field goal is always worth three points. NFL Europe and the Stars Football League have adopted a rule similar to basketball's three-point line in which an additional point is awarded for longer field goals; in both leagues any field goal of fifty yards or more in either league is worth four points.

The Super Goal is a similar concept in Australian rules football, in which a fifty-metre arc determines the value of a goal; within the arc, it is the usual 6 points, but 9 points are scored for a "super goal" scored from outside the arc. To date the super goal is only used in pre-season games and not in the season proper.[7]

The National Professional Soccer League II, which awarded two points for all goals except those on the power play, also used a three-point line, drawn 45 feet from the goal. It has since been adopted by some other indoor soccer leagues.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Description of the NBA's new instant replay rules". NBA.com. October 23, 2008. Retrieved 16 November 2008. 
  2. ^ "Rule No. 1---Court Dimensions--Equipment". NBA Official Rules. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  3. ^ "2011 WNBA Official Rule Book". WNBA Official Rules 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  4. ^ "Official Basketball Rules 2010". FIBA. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  5. ^ "2009 Court Diagram". NCAA. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  6. ^ "Basketball Court Diagram". Nebraska School Activities Association. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  7. ^ Denham, Greg (February 14, 2012). "NAB Cup's ruck and holding rules may run season". The Australian. Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. 

External links[edit]