|Aragvi (Georgian: არაგვი)|
|- location||Gudauri, Mtiuleti, Georgia|
|- elevation||1,045 m (3,428 ft) |
|Mouth||flows into the Mtkvari|
|- location||Mtskheta, Georgia|
|- elevation||445 m (1,460 ft) |
|Length||112 km (70 mi)|
|Basin||2,724 km2 (1,052 sq mi)|
The Aragvi River (Georgian: არაგვი) and its basin are located in Georgia on the southern slopes of the Caucasus Mountains. The river is 112 km. long, and its basin covers an area of 2,724 km.² The ground strata is mostly sandstone, slate, and limestone. The Jinvali Dam and its 130 MW. hydro-electric power station generate much of Georgia’s power, and its construction in 1986 formed the Jinvali Reservoir, upon whose north-western shores rises Ananuri castle with its seventeenth-century Church of the Assumption.
Confusion over the river's name and course
Given its etymology (see below; the word simply means "river"), the exact course of the Aragvi River is the source of some confusion. The river has several important tributaries, all called "aragvi":
The White Aragvi flows from Gudauri down to the town of Pasanauri, where it is joined by the Black Aragvi, the main river of Gudamakari to the north-east. Together, the black and white aragvis continue as, simply, "the Aragvi"; from Pasanauri, the Aragvi flows south-east to the Jinvali Reservoir, where it is joined by the Pshav Aragvi (itself fed by the Khevsur Aragvi) before flowing south to merge with the Mtkvari River by Mtskheta, Eastern Georgia's ancient capital just north of Tbilisi.
See არაგვი for the origin of the name.
Usage & infrastructure
The 102 m.-high dam by Jinvali is one of the largest in Georgia. Besides generating up to 130 MW. of electricity, the waters of the Aragvi are also fed down a 36.7 km.-long pipe to provide drinking water in Tbilisi and are used to for irrigating fields downstream.
- Soviet General Staff Maps, 1:50,000 series, sheet K-38-54-W
- Soviet General Staff Maps, 1:50,000 series, sheet M-38-78-A
- Georgian: თეთრი არაგვი, tetri aragvi. Source: approx. 42°31'27.13"N, 44°24'2.40"E
- Georgian: შავი არაგვი, shavi aragvi. Source: approx. 42°27'25.18"N, 44°42'40.80"E
- Georgian: ფშავის არაგვი, pshavis aragvi. Source: approx. 42°23'57.01"N, 45°8'42.74"E
- Georgian: ხევსურეთის არაგვი, khevsuretis aragvi. Source: approx. 42°33'45.75"N, 44°57'12.78"E
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