Archidendron pauciflorum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Archidendron pauciflorum
Pithecellobium jiringa.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Archidendron
Species: A. pauciflorum
Binomial name
Archidendron pauciflorum
(Benth.) I.C.Nielsen
Synonyms

Archidendron jiringa
Pithecellobium jiringa
Pithecellobium lobatum

Archidendron pauciflorum, commonly known as Jengkol, Dogfruit, or Jering is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to Southeast Asia. Despite its strong smell, the beans are a popular food in Indonesia, and also consumed in Malaysia (where they are known as jering), Myanmar (where they are called da nyin thee), and in Southern Thailand, where they are called luk-nieng or luk neang.[1] The large brown legumes are very popular and cooked as satay or curry, especially rendang, in Indonesia. In Burmese cuisine, the da nyin thee is either roasted or boiled, and often eaten along with a pickled fish sauce (Ngapi yay) on steamed rice.

Nasi uduk with semur jengkol, empal fried beef and krecek (cow skin in spicy coconut milk)

The beans are mildly toxic due to the presence of djenkolic acid, an amino acid, which causes djenkolism (jengkol bean poisoning). Symptoms include spasmodic pain, gout, urinary obstruction, and acute renal failure.[2] The condition mainly affects men, and is not determined by how the beans are prepared. Individuals can consume the beans on multiple occasions without incident, to develop renal failure on another occasion.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ sosarsenic.net
  2. ^ Wong, J. S., et al. (2007). Acute anuric renal failure following jering bean ingestion. Asian J Surg 30:1 80-1.
  3. ^ Adler, S. G. and J. J. Weening. (2006). A case of acute renal failure. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 1: 158-165.