Arn Chorn-Pond

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Arn Chorn-Pond
Arn Chorn-Pond9811A821-F2B1-4A1F-A11B-9B5F61555963 mw800 s.jpg
Born 1966
Battambang, Cambodia
Alma mater Gould Academy, Northfield Mount Hermon School, Providence College, B.A. (Political Science), L.H.D.
Occupation Co-founder, Children of War;
Co-founder, Cambodian Living Arts;
Co-founder, Southeast Asian Big Brother/Big Sister Association (Providence);
Founder, Peace Makers (Providence);
Founder, Cambodian Volunteers for Community Development, (Cambodia);
Director of Youth Programs, Cambodian Mutual Assistance Association (Lowell, Massachusetts);
Special Advisor on Cambodian Affairs, Clear Path International
Known for Work with Cambodian refugees, trauma survivors, Khmer traditional musicians, education on forgiveness and reconciliation, education on the Khmer Rouge genocide
Relatives Peter L. Pond (foster father), Shirley Mason Pond (foster mother)
Awards Reebok Human Rights Award (1988);
Amnesty International Human Rights Award (1991);
Kohl Foundation International Peace Prize (1993);
Spirit of Anne Frank Outstanding Citizen Award (1996)

Arn Chorn-Pond is a human rights activist committed to preserving traditional Cambodian ("Khmer") music.

Arn Chorn-Pond and his foster father, the Reverend Peter L. Pond in 1983.

Early life[edit]

Chorn-Pond was born in Cambodia in 1966 into a Battambang family of performers and musicians.[1] According to Chorn-Pond in a 2006 article:

"My family owned an opera company. The National Charity Company, as we were called, performed in temples, opera houses and mayors’ compounds throughout the country. Many people knew my father, grandfather and uncle through their performances, which had become legendary. Since the family ran the company, all of us performed. When I was six or seven, I often played the role of a baby. Somebody would say “Cry!” and I’d cry...My father and uncle trained my older cousin, in his teens at the time, to perform the main roles in traditional Cambodian operas."[2]

Survival during the Pol Pot Regime[edit]

When the Khmer Rouge came to power in 1975, Chorn-Pond and hundreds of other children were sent to Wat Ek, a Buddhist temple converted into a prison camp, where he survived by playing the flute and keeping the soldiers entertained.[3]

In five days a master trained Chorn-Pond and four other children to play the flute and the khim, a Cambodian hammered dulcimer. The children learned to play a traditional lullaby known as bompay. At the end of that time, Chorn-Pond and another boy were chosen to play propaganda songs for the camp guards. The other three children and the master were led away and killed.[4] "When they brought in another old master for more lessons," Chorn-Pond recalled, "I begged them not to kill him. I told them I didn’t have enough skills yet, and I offered them my own life instead."[5] On a visit to Cambodia in 1996, he was reunited with his teacher.[6][7]

In a 2002 interview Chorn-Pond described how his survival depended on repressing his emotions and distancing himself from the horror of his situation:

"I was in a temple where they killed three or four times a day. They told us to watch and not to show any emotion at all. They would kill us if we reacted...if we cried, or showed that we cared about the victims. They would kill you right away. So I had to shut it all off...I can shut off everything in my body, practically, physically. I saw them killing people right in front of me, the blood was there, but I didn't smell it. I made myself numb...The killing was unbearable. You go crazy if you smell the blood."[8]

When the Vietnamese invaded Cambodia in 1978, Chorn-Pond was handed a gun and forced to fight:

"The Khmer Rouge gave us guns and pushed us into the front line. Children who refused were shot in the head. Many of us ranged from eight [and] up, so long as we could carry guns. I was then about twelve. The Khmer Rouge would shoot us from behind if, against orders, we tried to leave the battleground. Thousands of children got shot to the left and right of me, many of them good friends."[9]

Eventually he escaped into the jungle[10] where he survived for months by himself.[11] "I followed monkeys and ate whatever they ate. I fished with my hands and ate fruits, and killed monkeys, too."[12] In late 1980 he crossed the border into Thailand and a Thai Soldier took him to the Sa Kaeo Refugee Camp. There he met the Reverend Peter L. Pond.[13] "He weighed about 60 pounds and he was very sick," Reverend Pond later recalled, "He had cerebral malaria and he was really close to death[14]...This sick little child reached up and touched me, and said in English, 'Hello.' That...was Arn Chorn from the very first, reaching out and touching."[15]

Reverend Pond took Arn to Jefferson, New Hampshire and formally adopted him in 1984.[16] In all, Pond adopted 16 Cambodian children, mostly orphans, including one who eventually became Rhode Island's first Cambodian physician, Dr. Soneath Pond.[17]

Education and humanitarian work[edit]

During his initial months in the US, Arn Chorn-Pond experienced difficulties as one of the first non-white students to attend White Mountains Regional High School.[18] He graduated from Gould Academy in Maine in 1985,[14] attended Northfield Mount Hermon School[19] and attended Brown University for two years before withdrawing to co-found Children of War, an organization dedicated to help young people to overcome suffering from war and other traumas such as child abuse, poverty, racism and divorce. From its inception in 1984 though 1988, Children of War trained a core leadership group of 150 young people representing twenty-one countries. More than 100,000 U.S. students from 480 schools participated in the program.[20] In 1992 Chorn-Pond received a bachelor's degree in political science from Providence College [21] and in 2007 the school awarded him an honorary Doctorate of Humanitarian Service .

Chorn-Pond was also one of the few surviving Cambodians to return to the refugee camps on the Thai-Cambodian border. While attending college in Rhode Island, Arn devoted his summers from 1986 through 1988 to teaching and assisting those still displaced by war. He was also the youngest Cambodian involved in diplomatic efforts for reconciliation.[20]

While a student at Providence College, Chorn-Pond co-founded the Southeast Asian Big Brother/Big Sister Association in Providence, and founded Peace Makers, a US-based gang intervention program for Southeast Asian youths in Providence.[22] In 1993 he returned to Cambodia and founded the Cambodian Volunteers for Community Development.[23] In 1998 he founded Cambodian Living Arts (CLA, formerly known as the Cambodian Master Performers Program), a non-profit that works to revive the traditional performing arts in Cambodia by locating former masters or trained professional musicians.[24] CLA has worked to revive Khmer shadow theatre, known as sbek thom, as well as the manufacture of Traditional Cambodian musical instruments. Children are paid to take music lessons so as to divert them from street crime and prostitution.[25]

Arn Chorn-Pond has also served as Director of Youth Programs for the Cambodian Mutual Assistance Association in Lowell, Massachusetts, and since 2001 has been a special adviser on Cambodian affairs for Clear Path International.[26]

Awards and honors[edit]

Among other honors, Arn Chorn-Pond was one of the first recipients of the Reebok Human Rights Award in 1988.[27][28][29] He has received the 1991 Amnesty International Human Rights Award,[30] the 1993 Kohl Foundation International Peace Prize,[31] and the 1996 Spirit of Anne Frank Outstanding Citizen Award.

Arn Chorn-Pond regularly gives talks about his experiences.[6] In October 2008, he was invited by the Spurlock Museum and the Asian Educational Media Service to the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.[32]

In November 2012, he was invited to the State University of New York at Oswego to give a speech to students at college that brought the entire audience into tears.

Arn Chorn-Pond in film, opera and literature[edit]

Arn Chorn-Pond is the subject of Jocelyn Glatzer's 2003 documentary "The Flute Player."

Yim Saing, Arn Chorn-Pond and Ron Korb in Cambodia, October 2009

The 2007 opera "Where Elephants Weep", composed by Khmer musician Him Sophy with a libretto by Catherine Filloux, is loosely inspired by the life of Arn Chorn-Pond.[7]

The 2008 children's book A Song for Cambodia by Michelle Lord is based on events in the life of Arn Chorn-Pond.[33]

In May 2012, the novel Never Fall Down by Patricia McCormick was published with HarperCollins. It retells Arn Chorn-Pond's childhood story of surviving during the Khmer Rouge regime.

Arn Chorn-Pond as musician[edit]

An accomplished flautist, Arn Chorn-Pond is credited with teaching Ron Korb to play the Khloy (the Cambodian bamboo flute) in traditional Khmer style.[34][35] In 2001 Chorn-Pond performed on stage in Peter Gabriel's Tribute and Homage for Harbourfront Centre's "World Leaders" hosted by Laurie Brown, sharing the stage with Peter Gabriel, Jane Siberry, Tia Carrere, Ron Korb, Donald Quan, Jeff Martin, Andy Stochansky, Loreena McKennitt, Daniel Lanois and Lorraine Segato.[36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nuch Sarita, "Documentary Chronicles Role of Suvivor, Musician," VOA Khmer News, Nov 13, 2007.
  2. ^ Arn Chorn-Pond, "Lost Music," Topic, 2006, Issue 9, p62-67.
  3. ^ "Cambodian Living Arts."
  4. ^ Carleton Cole, Destination: Asia, Bangkok Books, 2008, p. 117. ISBN 974-368-087-X.
  5. ^ Arn Chorn-Pond, "Lost Music," p. 65.
  6. ^ a b Rachel Laskow, "The Power of Music," Scholastic News, 2008.
  7. ^ a b Catherine Foster "'Where Elephants Weep': A Cambodian opera for modern times," New York Times, Thursday, April 26, 2007.
  8. ^ Simms, Laura and Arn Chorn-Pond, "Between Tigers and Crocodiles: An Interview with Arn chorn-Pond," Parabola: Myth, tradition and the Search for Meaning, 2002, 27:4, p. 28.
  9. ^ Arn Chorn-Pond, "Arn Chorn-Pond," in Frederick Franck, Janis Roze, Richard Connolly (eds.) What Does It Mean to Be Human?: Reverence for Life Reaffirmed by Responses from Around the World, Macmillan, 2001 ISBN 0-312-27101-8, p. 196.
  10. ^ Toland, Connally C., "From Cambodian Jungle to New Hampshire's Mountains," The Christian Science Monitor, Aug 3, 1981, p. 16.
  11. ^ Fleming, J., "Cambodian Travels Hard Road from Labor Camp to Maine Prep School," Los Angeles Times, Nov 24, 1983, p. M5.
  12. ^ Arn Chorn-Pond, "Lost Music," p. 66.
  13. ^ Michelle Lord, "A Song for Cambodia," 2008, ISBN 978-1-60060-139-2
  14. ^ a b Fleming, 1983, p. M5.
  15. ^ Sheehy, Gail, "A Home for Cambodia's Children," New York Times, Sept 23, 1984, p. 44.
  16. ^ DeVries, Hillary, "New Lives," The Christian Science Monitor, Dec 21, 1984, p. 16.
  17. ^ "A new life, haunted by memories - Twenty-five years after their homeland fell to the Khmer Rouge, R.I.s Cambodians move forward," The Providence Journal, 16 April 2000, p. A-01
  18. ^ Interview: Arn Chorn-Pond, Facing History and Ourselves.
  19. ^ Arn Chorn-Pond, '86
  20. ^ a b "Biography: Arn Chorn-Pond
  21. ^ Chinoy, Ira, "Surgeon General to Address Providence College Graduates," Providence Journal, May 14, 1992, p. B-07.
  22. ^ Biographies of Providence College's 2007 Honorary Degree Recipients
  23. ^ Jodi F. Solomon Speakers Bureau, "Arn Chorn-Pond".
  24. ^ http://www.cambodianlivingarts.org/people/arnchornpond
  25. ^ Arn Chorn-Pond, "Lost Music," p. 67.
  26. ^ "Arn Chorn-Pond, Cambodia Advisor
  27. ^ Paul Fireman, Samuel Kofi Woods, and Angel Martinez, From the Pain Come the Dream: The Reebok Human Rights Award, p. 53.
  28. ^ "Arn-Chorn-Pond: Helping to Heal Young Victims."
  29. ^ Breed, Donald, "Cambodian wins award for work in human rights," Providence Journal, Nov 28, 1988, p. A-03.
  30. ^ Grossfeld, Stan, "He saves lives: Traumatic lessons put to good use," Boston Globe, June 19, 2000, page A01.
  31. ^ "Providence College Announces 2007 Commencement Speaker, Honorary Degree Recipients."
  32. ^ The Flute Player
  33. ^ "Loriene Roy's Asian-Pacific American Book Picks," NPR, May 27, 2008.
  34. ^ Steven Howell, "Festival ranges from Beethoven to Buzz." The Gazette, (Montreal) September 4, 2004, p. G8.
  35. ^ Musician Bios
  36. ^ October 24th, World Leaders: Peter Gabriel, Liberty Grand, Toronto featuring: Peter Gabriel, Tia Carrere, Jane Siberry, Arn Chorn Pond, Ron Korb, Donald Quan, Robert Lepage, Loreena McKennitt, Daniel Lanois hosted by Laurie Brown.

External links[edit]