Arnold Jacob Wolf

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Rabbi Arnold Jacob Wolf
Position Rabbi emeritus
Synagogue K.A.M. Isaiah Israel Temple
Personal details
Born (1924-03-19)March 19, 1924
Chicago, Illinois
Died December 23, 2008(2008-12-23) (aged 84)
Chicago, Illinois
Denomination Reform
Semicha Hebrew Union College

Rabbi Arnold Jacob Wolf (March 19, 1924 – December 23, 2008) was an important American Reform Rabbi, and a longtime champion of peace and progressive politics.

Biography[edit]

Wolf received an associate's degree from the University of Chicago, a BA in philosophy from the University of Cincinnati. His rabbinical studies were at Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati and he was ordained in 1948.[1] While at HUC, he served as secretary to Abraham Joshua Heschel.[2]

He served a stint as an assistant to his uncle, Rabbi Felix Levy, at Temple Emanuel in Chicago, then he served as a Navy chaplain in Japan during the Korean War. A near crash in a seaplane that landed safely in the water was a life-altering experience.

Congregation Solel[edit]

In 1957 he helped launch Congregation Solel in Highland Park, Illinois, where he remained until 1972.[3]

Rabbi Wolf marched in Selma, Ala., for civil rights and he traveled to Washington together with his temple members to protest the Vietnam War. In 1967, FBI agents attended and recorded one of his anti-war sermons.[4]

Congregation Solel established an annual Holocaust remembrance weekends starting in the 1960s, making it one of the first synagogues in the United States to initiate the practice.[3]

He was known for bringing speakers as diverse and contemporary as Rev. Martin Luther King and defendants in the Chicago Seven conspiracy trial.[3]

He believed that "The core teaching of Torah for him had to do with justice, and one sometimes had to speak about that in ways that people didn't care to hear," and that "I am Adonai your God" was not a promise but a challenge to be lived up to every moment in every action."

He allowed his congregation to write its own prayer book and make decisions previously reserved for the rabbi. He capped membership at 400 and banned bar mitzvahs.[1]

Yale[edit]

After leaving Congregation Solel, Rabbi Wolf spent eight years as Jewish chaplain and Hillel director at Yale University, where he could have found an activist compatriot in Rev. William Sloane Coffin, the school's chaplain. In 1975 he was the first official Jewish representative ever invited to the World Council of Churches world assembly in Nairobi, Kenya

He was the founder and leader of the organization for peace in the Middle East Breira, A Project of Concern in Diaspora-Israel Relations, that supported a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Founded in 1973, the organization dissolved in 1977, having been the target of criticism from pro-Israel groups in the United States.[3]

K.A.M. Isaiah Israel Temple[edit]

He led K.A.M. Isaiah Israel Temple in Kenwood, Chicago's oldest Jewish congregation, from 1980 to 2000.[3]

Wolf received a Brotherhood Award for his civil rights work from the National Council of Christians and Jews in 1962. When the same group later gave a humanitarian award to then President Ronald Reagan, Rabbi Wolf returned his award, saying, "If Ronald Reagan is a humanitarian, then I’m not.[4]

Rabbi Wolf celebrated his bar mitzvah at age 83, never having observed the rite at age 13 as Reform Judaism did not practice the ceremony at the time. The rabbi acknowledged that he was nervous about performing in public, as this was the first time he would be chanting the torah. The celebrations included a series of lectures by Wolf and other rabbis.[5][6]

Rabbi Wolf died at age 84 on December 23, 2008 in Chicago of an apparent heart attack.[3]

On December 6, 2013, a celebration of Rabbi Wolf's fifth Yahrzeit (anniversary of death) was held at K. A. M. Isaiah Israel. A new musical work, "The Age of Catastrophes," by young composer Shawn Allison, was commission for and performed on this occasion. Set for string quartet, mezzo-soprano, baritone, and piano, it also includes extracts from Rabbi Wolf's recorded sermons, which are played through loud speakers positioned around the temple throughout the work's second and third movements. Meanwhile, the singers sing texts from the Book of Isaiah and the Book of Job. The movement's first work asks Israel to ponder its sins. The second movement features a sermon of Rabbi Wolf's about how our era is the Age of Catastrophe, juxtaposed to a contemplative musical setting of part of the book of Job. (The plural "Catastrophes" in the work's title signifies the composer's belief that in our media age catastrophes are around us all the time.) The third movement contains extracts from sermons in which Arnold spoke of inner wholeness and challenged people to "make the world shine" by their own responsible actions. The singers, meanwhile, sing the Isaiah text, "Then shall your light burst through like the dawn." Allison, who is completing a doctoral dissertation supervised by Shulamith Ran, is a challenging composer, and yet the lyrical power of the work and the impact of Arnold's voice led to a prolonged ovation.

Support for Barack Obama[edit]

He was vocal in his support for Barack Obama, whose home is across the street from the K.A.M. Isaiah Israel Temple where Rabbi Wolf served for decades.[3]

Upon hearing of Rabbi Wolf’s death, President-elect Obama issued a statement, calling the rabbi a "dear friend," whose absence would be deeply felt in his hometown and beyond: "Throughout Chicago and in Jewish homes across our country, Rabbi Wolf’s name is synonymous with service, social action, and the possibility of change".[7]

Rabbi Wolf had supported Obama's campaign for the Illinois Senate in 1996, telling him that "Mr. Obama, someday you will be vice president of the United States". Obama laughed, responding "Why vice president?"[3][8]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jensen, Trevor. "Rabbi Arnold Jacob Wolf, 1924-2008: Led 2 prominent Reform Jewish congregations", Chicago Tribune, December 25, 2008. Accessed December 30, 2008.
  2. ^ Gips, Terry. "Eco-Kosher: Can I Care About the Earth and Still Eat My Lox, Bagels and Cream Cheese?", The Alliance for Sustainability, dated April 30, 1994. Accessed December 30, 2008.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Fox, Margalit. "Arnold Jacob Wolf, a Leading Reform Rabbi, Is Dead at 84", The New York Times, December 29, 2008. Accessed December 30, 2008.
  4. ^ a b Newbart, Dave. "Prominent rabbi, friend of Obama, dies at 84", Chicago Sun-Times, December 24, 2008. Accessed December 30, 2008.
  5. ^ Staff. "Rabbi to get his belated bar mitzvah: 13 too young -- 'that's why I'm doing it at 83'", Chicago Sun-Times, March 27, 2007. Accessed December 30, 2008.
  6. ^ Yearwood, Paula Dubkin. "BAR MITZVAH, OLD MAN: At age 83, Rabbi Arnold Jacob Wolf is finally having his big day", Chicago Jewish News, March 23, 2007. Accessed December 30, 2008.
  7. ^ Birkner, Gabrielle. "Rabbi Arnold Jacob Wolf, 84, a Champion of Peace and Progressive Politics", The Forward, December 26, 2008. Accessed December 30, 2008.
  8. ^ Krieger, Hilary Leila. "Mr. Obama's neighborhood", The Jerusalem Post, October 23, 2008. Accessed December 30, 2008.

Bibliography[edit]