Aro gTér

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The Aro gTér is a lineage within the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism.[1] The terma on which it is based teaches all Buddhist topics from point of view of Dzogchen. Aro gTér was founded in the 1980s by Ngakpa Chögyam. It is a ngagpa or non-monastic lineage and so emphasizes householder practice and non-celibate ordination. All of its contemporary teachers are ethnically non-Tibetan.[2]


The contemporary Aro gTér organization was founded in the 1980s by Ngakpa Chögyam, also known as 'Ngak'chang Rinpoche'.[2] He was born in Hanover, Germany in 1952 and grew up in England. His father was English and his mother German; he is distantly related to the composer Franz Schubert. From the early 1970s through 1989 he studied Buddhism in between periods of working as a manual laborer, factory worker, and a truck driver in Britain to subsidize his education. [3]

According to a terma which Ngakpa Chögyam received in visions, the Aro tradition has antecedents in a 'Mother Essence Lineage' of female tertöns stretching back to Yeshe Tsogyal,[4] and forward to Kyungchen Aro Lingma (1886-1923).[5][2] According to the Aro gTér, Kyunchen Aro Lingma first discovered the terma.[5][2] Aro Lingma is said to have transmitted the lineage to her only son, named Aro Yeshe (1915-1951).

Ngakpa Chögyam was recognized as the tulku of Aro Yeshe by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche,[6] and as the incarnation of Aro Yeshe's predecessor, 'a-Shul Pema Legden, by Khordong gTerchen Tulku Chhi'med Rig'dzin Rinpoche.[5][6]

In the 1970s, Ngakpa Chögyam studied with Chhi'med Rig'dzin Rinpoche,[2][7] Dudjom Rinpoche,[6] Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche,[6] Kunzang Dorje Rinpoche,[6] and Khamtrül Yeshé Dorje Rinpoche[8] He has written of his experiences of these times in his 2011 book Wisdom Eccentrics. [9]

The lineage's primary legal organization, given the name Sang-ngak-chö-dzong by Dudjom Rinpoche,[6] is located in Britain.[4][10]

Teachings and practices[edit]

The principal practices are tantra and Dzogchen.[2]



External links[edit]