Arthur Schultz

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Arthur Schultz
Mayor of Joliet, Illinois
In office
1991–2011
Preceded by Charles Connor
Succeeded by Thomas Giarrante
Personal details
Born (1933-07-04)July 4, 1933
Joliet, Illinois
Died November 26, 2011(2011-11-26) (aged 78)
Joliet, Illinois
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Frances Jacksa
Children 5 children and 8 grandchildren
Alma mater Joliet Catholic High School
Occupation Retired police officer, politician
Religion Roman Catholic
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1950–1954
Unit Submarine

Arthur "Art" Schultz (July 4, 1933 – November 26, 2011) was an American Republican politician.[1] He was a five-term mayor of Joliet, Illinois, the fourth largest municipality in the state after Chicago, Aurora, and Rockford.[2][2] He was last elected in April 2007. Prior to his first election, he served in the United States Navy and in the Joliet Police Department.[3]

He finished as the first runner-up in the Joliet City Council election of 1989, but when a sitting councilwoman died a few months after the election he was passed over several times for the nomination. This was controversial as the nomination is customarily given to the runner-up in the most recent election.[4] He returned to elective politics to defeat the mayor who did not nominate him in the subsequent election in 1991.[5]

In his time in office, the Joliet changed from an economy of a prison town with declining population[6] to a fast growing entertainment and tourism economy,[7] focused on riverboat casinos. Residential and commercial construction increased and racing tracks, a baseball stadium, and several civic works developed as a result of the booming economy.[8]

Personal life[edit]

Schultz was born on July 4, 1933[9] and raised in Joliet. He attended parochial schools in the city,[3] and was an altar boy.[10] Schultz was a graduate of Joliet Catholic High School.[11] After high school, he served four years in the United States Navy during the Korean War. He then worked for the Joliet Police Department for 29 years before being elected mayor in 1991.[3]

Schultz and his wife were married on November 6, 1954 at the Cathedral of St. Raymond in Joliet.[12] As of his 50th wedding anniversary in 2004, Schultz had five children and eight grandchildren.[3][13]

On November 16, 1993 Schultz had a laryngectomy after having had vocal chord tumors removed the previous May.[14] He lost his voice for a period before regaining it after several months of home recuperation with the aid of a voice prosthesis that was inserted into a neck valve.[3][13] Schultz suffered congestive heart failure on November 14, 2011, which required hospital care. He died on November 26, 2011, aged 78.[15][16]

Political career[edit]

Election history[edit]

City Council[edit]

Schultz ran for the election to the Joliet City Council in the spring 1989 municipal elections.[17] He advanced from the February 28, 1989 primary election to the general election in what the Chicago Tribune described as a surprisingly strong showing,[18] but finished fourth in the six-way April 4 general election for three seats.[19]

In August 1989, Joliet Councilwoman Margaret Short died with two years remaining in her term and Joliet Mayor Charles Connor had the responsibility of nominating a replacement for consideration by the remaining councilmen. Rather than following the custom of nominating the first runner-up in the most recent council election (Schultz in this case), Connor nominated a political ally. The council did not support the nomination and after some delay she withdrew on September 19.[20][21] When Connor's second nomination was again not one of the runners-up, it was again defeated, which led to the council enacting legislation to strip the mayor of his power to nominate councilmen. On October 17, Connor became the first Joliet mayor since the mid-1970s to refuse to sign legislation passed by the Joliet City Council.[22] On November 21, there was unanimous agreement on a compromise candidate who was also not one of the runners-up.[4]

Mayor[edit]

At the time of the non-partisan February 26, 1991 mayoral primary election, the Chicago Tribune described Joliet as suffering from a stagnant economy and sagging population. Between 1980 and 1990 the population had declined to 76,836 from 77,956, according to the United States Census Bureau.[6] Connor was challenged by three candidates, including Schultz.[6] Schultz narrowly won the primary election by a 2,709–2,545 (38%–36%) margin over Connor, but both candidates advanced to the April general election since they finished first and second in the primary.[23] On April 2, Schultz defeated Connor by a 6,081–5,534 margin.[5]

Schultz was approved in his re-election bids. In 1995, he earned 67 percent of the vote in the primary election and 68 percent in the general election.[24][25] He was unopposed in 1999.[26] In 2003, he became the first four-term mayor for Joliet, which was incorporated in 1852, by taking 83% of the vote in a four-way contest.[27][28] In 2007, he earned 73% of the vote in a three-way contest.[29] He did not run in the 2011 election, and was succeeded by Thomas Giarrante.[30]

Service[edit]

In January 1990, the Illinois legislature passed two bills that permitted gambling along the Mississippi, Illinois, and Des Plaines Rivers.[31][32] but gambling did not commence in Joliet until June 17, 1992.[33] In January 1993 Schultz described Joliet as "the riverboat-gambling capital of the world".[33] In 1995 Joliet officials expected the town to be debt free by 2001[34] with Schultz described the sizable gambling industry revenues as "manna from Heaven" and encouraged other cities to try legalized gambling.[35] Between 1993 and 1997 Schultz received US$1,500 in gambling-related political contributions.[36]

During the 1990s, Joliet was one of the fastest growing cities in the state, and in 2000 its residential and commercial construction were at record-setting levels, according to Schultz.[37][38] Schultz also credited gambling revenues with having enabled the city to halt tax increases for a decade and to build a new police station and three new firehouses.[8] In 1999, the Joliet City Council approved the construction of the Chicagoland Speedway on 930 acres (3.76 km2) of land next to the Route 66 Raceway.[39] Between 2000 and 2002 Joliet was the tenth fastest growing city in the United States.[8] Under Schultz, the city ended nearly 150 years as a prison town with the closure of the Joliet Correctional Center and focused its economy on entertainment and tourism.[7]

In the early 1990s the city annexed 55 acres (0.22 km2) for the construction of the Empress Riverboat Casino complex.[40] In 1999, the city annexed 923 acres (3.74 km2) for the construction of the Chicagoland Speedway, which when combined with the Route 66 Raceway made Joliet the only racing facility host in the United States capable of hosting races from each major category in professional auto racing.[41][42][43] In 2001, the city acquired 12 parcels totaling 8 acres (32,000 m2) through expedited condemnations to build Silver Cross Field.[44] In 2005, the city annexed 988 acres (4.00 km2) to provide a corridor for commercial and residential growth.[45] As of the July 1, 2007 United States Census Bureau population estimates, Joliet had a population of 144,316. Thus, Schultz served as mayor for a city that ranked as the 162nd largest incorporated municipality in the United States and the fourth largest in the state of Illinois.[2]

Silver Cross Field, which was built in 2002 to host the Joliet Jackhammers of the Northern League is located at 1 Mayor Art Schultz Drive.[46] By 2007, prospects of continued growth necessitated that Joliet agree on borders with the neighboring municipality of Oswego and that it consider future borders with others.[47]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "More Line Up for Weller Vacancy". National Republican Congressional Committee. 2007-10-11. Archived from the original on 28 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  2. ^ a b c "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2007 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Mayor Arthur Schultz". cityofjoliet.com. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  4. ^ a b Merrifield, Bob (1989-11-22). "Compromise Ends Joliet Deadlock". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  5. ^ a b "Will County Municipal Contests". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. 1991-04-04. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  6. ^ a b c Cervin, Jennifer (1991-02-15). "Joliet Incumbents Face Crowded Field". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  7. ^ a b Dardick, Hal (2006-08-13). "Joliet out to escape past ties to prison - City says its image is no longer behind bars". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  8. ^ a b c Armas, Genaro C. (2003-07-10). "Western suburbs lead U.S. in growth". Mobile Register. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  9. ^ "Arthur Schultz "Art", Obituaries | Tezak's Home to Celebrate Life®". Tezakfuneralhome.com. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  10. ^ Gibson, Ray and Rob Karwath (1986-08-03). "Return To A City of Friends - Joliet Throws Arms Around Weary But Elated Jenco". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  11. ^ O'Brien, Ken (1996-08-09). "Old Joliet Catholic High Is About To Be Born Again". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  12. ^ "Keepsakes October 31, 04". The Herald News. Newsbank. 2004-10-31. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  13. ^ a b Shnay, Jeff (1994-02-01). "Mayor Plans Return From Throat Cancer". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  14. ^ Elsner, David (1993-11-11). "Mayor Recuperating After Losing His Larynx To Cancer". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  15. ^ "Long-time Joliet mayor Arthur Schultz dies at 78". Chicago Sun-Times. 2011-11-26. Retrieved 2011-11-27. 
  16. ^ Owen, Mary (2011-11-26). "Former Mayor Art Schultz dies at 78". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2011-11-27. 
  17. ^ "9 Seek 3 Seats On City Council". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. 1988-12-21. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  18. ^ Merrifield, Bob (1989-03-01). "GOP Regulars Lose In Homer Township". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  19. ^ "Will County - Municipal Election Results". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. 1989-04-06. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  20. ^ Merrifield, Bob (1989-09-08). "Joliet Mayor Stands By His Nominee". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  21. ^ Merrifield, Bob (1989-09-21). "Mayor To Again Attempt To Fill Vacancy On Joliet City Council". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  22. ^ Slowik, Ted (1989-10-18). "Joliet Mayor Rejects Law On Council Seat". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  23. ^ Franchine, Philip and Gary Wisby (1991-02-27). "Troiani gains Chicago Hts. mayoral runoff". Chicago Sun-Times. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  24. ^ Caro, Mark and Jerry Shnay (1995-03-01). "Suburbs Sort Out the Also-Rans". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  25. ^ "Will County Municipal Results". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. 1995-04-06. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  26. ^ "Will County Municipal Results". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. 1999-04-15. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  27. ^ "Will County Municipal Results". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. 2003-04-03. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  28. ^ O'Brien, Ken (2003-01-14). "Joliet mayor to run for a 4th term". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  29. ^ "Mayoral Races". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. 2007-04-18. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  30. ^ "Ald. Thomas Giarrante elected Joliet mayor". Chicago Sun-Times. 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2011-06-10. 
  31. ^ "Let 'Em Roll On The Mississippi". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. 1989-06-02. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  32. ^ Egler, Daniel and Rick Pearson (1990-01-12). "Riverboat Gambling Squeaks In - Tax Relief Fizzles; Floating-Casino Bill Goes To Governor". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  33. ^ a b Fitzpatrick, James C. (1993-01-31). "Bounty on the riverbank Joliet , Ill., loves the money that Empress casino generates". The Kansas City Star. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  34. ^ Smith, Randolph P. (1995-01-10). "Greening Of Joliet Shows What Casino Cash Can Do". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  35. ^ Nicholas, Peter (1996-03-03). "Rendell Renews Effort To Get Riverboat Gambling Here< He's Moving and Shaking To Get A Statewide Referendum.< If It Fails, Time For Plan B. Then Plan C.". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  36. ^ McDermott, Kevin (1997-02-02). "Boat Gives Bush Big Donations, But He Denies Conflict". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  37. ^ Lawrence, Keith (2001-07-08). "Bays: Casino answer to job goals Hotel owner says he could bring in thousands of high-paying jobs". Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  38. ^ "Illinois Census 2000". www.illinois.gov. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  39. ^ "Joliet Council Annexes Land For Auto Racetrack". Telegraph Herald. Newsbank. 1999-01-21. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  40. ^ Morris, Steven (1992-08-17). "The Riverboat Gamble - Some Towns Win, Others End Up Short". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  41. ^ Okon, Bob (1999-01-03). "Joliet may Combine NHRA, NASCAR Events". The State Journal-Register. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  42. ^ Ziemba, Stanley (1999-01-20). "Joliet Annexes Racetrack Site - Speedway To Attract Jobs, Tax Revenue". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  43. ^ Ziemba, Stanley (1999-01-07). "Joliet Now In Running For Auto Racetrack - Public Hearing January 19 On 75,000-Seat Proposal". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  44. ^ O'Brien, Ken (2001-01-04). "Joliet Putting Ballpark Plan On A Faster Track - City OKs Quick-Take Condemnations For A Downtown Stadium". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  45. ^ O'Brien, Ken (2005-02-03). "Joliet adds 988 acres for growth - Land near I-80 annexed, slated for residential and commercial use". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  46. ^ "The Official Web Site of the Joliet Jackhammers". Joliet Jackhammers. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  47. ^ Okon, Bob (2007-10-03). "Creeping Through Kendall, The City Has A Future Limit Joliet Sets Boundary With -Oswego". The Herald News. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-12-12.