||This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2011)|
Artur Gold (born March 17, 1897, Warsaw, died 1943 in Treblinka) was a Polish Jewish violinist and dance-music composer. He was the second son of Michał Gold, a musician in the Warsaw Opera; when Michał died an uncle took Artur to England, where he received his musical education. He later returned to Warsaw and played there in various nightclubs. His closest collaborators were his brother Henryk and Jerzy Petersburski, with whom he arranged music for his famous ensembles; they were among the most popular composers in interwar Poland and many of their hits were sung throughout the whole country. Gold ran an orchestra in the "Qui Pro Quo" theater (1922) and in the Warsaw "Adria" night club (1931–1939).
Some of his noted compositions were the foxtrot Gdy Petersburski razem z Goldem gra ("When Petersburski and Gold play together") (1926), the tango Gdy w ogrodzie botanicznym ("While in the botanical garden"), Jesienne róże ("Autumn roses"), Nie odchodź ode mnie (Don't walk away from me), Nie wierzę ci ("I don't trust you'"), Jaśminy (Jasmine), Kwiaciarka z Barcelony (Flower girl from Barcelona), Oczy czarne (Black Eyes), Ostatni jeszcze, and others. Most of the lyrics were by Andrzej Włast.
Artur Gold also performed with English orchestras in the 1920s and recorded for Columbia records. In the 1930s he also recorded several albums for the Polish "Odeon" record company.
After the German and Soviet invasion on Poland in September 1939, Artur Gold lived in German-ordered ghetto in Warsaw, in which he played with an orchestra. He was deported by Germans from the Umschlagplatz to the German Treblinka extermination camp where he played for the Nazis in their casino and, at least on one occasion, dressed as a clown. He was murdered in 1943 in Treblinka. According to recollections of some of the Treblinka survivors Gold might have been killed during the uprising at Treblinka which occurred on August 2, 1943.
- Isaschar Fater, Jewish Music in Poland Between the Two World Wars, 1970
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-21178079 - BBC NEWS Website, Warsaw Ghetto: The story of its secret archive