Argentine Israelite Mutual Association
Established as Jevrá Kedushá in 1894, its mission was conceived to promote the well being and development of Jewish life in Argentina and to secure the continuity and values of the Jewish community. The association established one of Buenos Aires' first Jewish cemeteries, and later founded the Tsedaká Foundation for charity. Serving the largest Jewish community in Latin America by the 1920s, AMIA inaugurated a new headquarters in the Balvanera section of Buenos Aires in 1945. AMIA became the headquarters of the Federation of Jewish Argentine Communities. It grew to provide and sponsor a variety of formal and informal educational, recreational, and cultural activities, as well as a health care cooperative. It became a center for participation and involvement for people of all ages in Jewish life, and in the community at large.
On July 18, 1994 (the 10th of Av in the Hebrew calendar), a Renault Trafic van loaded with explosives smashed into the AMIA, killing 85 people, injuring over 300, and destroying the building completely. Following the 1994 AMIA bombing, a series of federal and international investigations were launched, though the case remains unsolved. An 8,000 m² (85,000 ft²) center was later commissioned to replace the destroyed structure, and in May 1999, the new building, a modernist 8-story structure separated from the street by a protective wall, was inaugurated.
Furthermore, it has the biggest job vacancies of Argentina directed to Jewish and non-Jewish people with more than 500,000 applicants in its database.
- (Spanish) AMIA Web Site