August 31 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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August 30 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Sep. 1

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on September 13 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For August 31st, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on August 18.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox saints[edit]

New martyrs and confessors[edit]

Other commemorations[edit]

Icon gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Gregorian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
  2. ^ Thascius Cecilianus Cyprianus was born in North Africa. He became a lawyer, was converted to Orthodoxy and consecrated Bishop of Carthage in 248. He wrote numerous treatises on theological subjects, one of the most important being De Unitate Catholicae Ecclesiae, and wrote numerous letters. He is one of the greatest Fathers of the Church and he was a model of compassion, discretion and pastoral zeal. Cyprian went into hiding during the persecution of Decius but was arrested and beheaded under Valerian.
  3. ^ Born in Gascony in France, he accompanied St Maximinus to Trier in Germany and succeeded him as bishop in 349. He was a brave supporter of St Athanasius and was therefore exiled to Phrygia by the Arian Emperor Constantius in 355. He died in exile but his relics were brought back to Trier in 396.
  4. ^ Granddaughter of King Ethelbert of Kent. She founded the first convent in England on the coast near Folkestone. This was later destroyed by the Danes and swallowed up by the sea. Relics of St Eanswith are venerated in her church in Folkestone to this day.
  5. ^ Sister of King Ina of Wessex, she became a nun at Barking with St Hildelith. Together with her sister St Cwenburgh, she founded a monastery in Wimborne in Dorset, where she was abbess and was succeeded by her sister. Many nuns from Wimborne helped to enlighten Germany.
  6. ^ "St. John was Metropolitan of Kiev since 1080 and soon earned general profound respect. The Venerable Nestor, his contemporary, says the following about him: "this man is an expert in books, skillful in teaching, merciful to the needy and the widows, kind to everyone, rich and poor, humble and meek". St. John died in the second half of the 11th century. He left some writings, of which the following are famous: "Message of Metropolitan John to Clement, Pope of Old Rome" and "Church Canons", written for Monk James with his explanation of the Canons of the universal (catholic) Church in their application for the Russian Church."[19]
  7. ^ The restored church of the Theotokos at the Neorion (port facilities) in Constantinople, was originally founded by the Patrician Antonios, and stood it in the courtyard of his home. When the Patrician Antonios passed away, the temple was abandoned and left desolate. Later, when Emperor Romanos I Lekapenos (920-944) prepared to demolish it, the foreman in charge of the demolition of the church was physically blocked by apparitions of the Most Holy Theotokos. Therefore the decision was taken to restore the church, and by a Golden Chrysobull, an annual grant was secured for the maintenance of the church. During the restoration, the church itself received a wonder-working grace, and many miracles were experienced by many who prayed there with faith.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι 7 Παρθένοι. 31 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.64.
  3. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι 4 Μάρτυρες. 31 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  4. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι 366 Μάρτυρες. 31 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Φιλέορτος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 31 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ (Greek) Συναξαριστής. 31 Αυγούστου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Διάδοχος. 31 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i September 13/August 31. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  9. ^ St Gennadius the Patriarch of Constantinople. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  10. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Γεννάδιος καὶ Μάξιμος Πατριάρχες Κωνσταντινουπόλεως. 17 Νοεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. ^ Hieromartyr Cyprian the Bishop of Carthage. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i August 31. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  13. ^ a b c The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 264-265.
  14. ^ St Eanswythe the Abbess of Folkestone. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  15. ^ St Aidan the Bishop of Lindesfarne. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  16. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Aidan (Σκωτσέζος). 31 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Cuthburge (Βρετανίδα). 31 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  18. ^ a b c Dr. Alexander Roman. August. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  19. ^ "St. John, metropolitan of Kiev (1089)." HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  20. ^ a b c d e September 13 / August 31. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  21. ^ a b c d (Russian) 31 августа (ст.ст.) 13 сентября 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  22. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Κατάθεσις Τιμίας Ζώνης τῆς Θεοτόκου. 31 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  23. ^ The Placing of the Cincture (Sash) of the Most Holy Mother of God. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  24. ^ a b Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἀνακαίνιση τοῦ Ναοῦ τῆς Θεοτόκου ἐν τῷ Νεωρίῳ. 31 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.

Sources[edit]

Greek Sources

Russian Sources