Australian National Aviation Museum
|Australian National Aviation Museum|
|Location||Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (March 2009)|
The Australian National Aviation Museum is an aviation museum at the Moorabbin Airport in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It was founded in 1962 as the Australian Aircraft Restoration Group, an attempt to maintain a World War II-era aircraft. It later formed into a museum, and was originally named the Moorabbin Air Museum. It currently holds 50 aircraft and 25 engines.
The Australian Aircraft Restoration Group was formed in 1962 as a volunteer group by members of the Aviation Historical Society of Australia, who undertook to recover and preserve a DAP Beaufighter under threat of scrapping after years of use at the Children's camp at Portsea.
Following donation of the Beaufighter in April 1962, a Wackett Trainer was purchased, followed by the oldest complete aircraft in the collection, a DH60G Gypsy Moth.
1963 was a busy year for the group. In January they bought an Avro Anson from Flinders Island Airlines, and in May bought a Meteor from the Department of Supply. TAA donated a Tiger Moth in mid-1963, and the year was rounded out by purchasing a Wirraway from CAC.
Early in 1964, most of the collection was moved to a service station north of Lilydale, where the Gypsy Moth and Wackett were put on display. Later in the year many of the aircraft were taken to a market garden adjacent to Moorabbin Airport. In October 1964, a Proctor was donated, and by this stage the Department of Civil Aviation had agreed to lease the group land at Moorabbin Airport, with a fence erected on May 20th 1965.
In 1966, the AARG returned for another look at the farming district near Colac and collected a Kittyhawk fuselage, while February 1967 saw the most spectacular arrival when a Fairey Firefly was flown from Bankstown to Moorabbin.
For the next 20 years the Museum grew as more and more aircraft came into the collection and the theme of the Museum was quickly established. An aircraft or artefact acquired by the Museum had to be relevant to Australian aviation history. Without realising it the Museum was establishing what would be labelled by museum professionals years later as a collection policy. This theme is what held the Museum collection together and provided a sense of purpose to the collection. Other aviation museums would form in Australia but none would acquire the vast range of aircraft types, all of which related directly to Australian history. The collection ranges from gliders and homebuilts to World War 2 combat aircraft, jet fighters, crop dusters and four engine airliners.
1980's and Beyond
By the early 1980s the aircraft collection had grown to a very impressive 30 machines but another very hard lesson had been learned. Collecting aircraft, restoring them and displaying them was not enough. At this time the Museum was still an open air display and the effects of the weather were beginning to play havoc with the aircraft. No matter how robustly constructed an aircraft may be, if it is left exposed to the elements it will eventually succumb.
During the 1970s and 1980s there had been various proposals put forward by government and private groups to fund a National Aviation Museum in Victoria. The Moorabbin Air Museum was involved in many of these deliberations, but by the late 1980s it had become apparent that none of these schemes would reach fruition. The Museum directors realised that the only way to ensure the long-term survival of the aircraft was to take action themselves, and in 1988 all surplus assets of the museum were sold in order to provide funds to erect an 8,000-square-foot hangar on the Museum site. In April 1989 that hangar was completed and three years later it was extended to 12,000 square feet. In the intervening years a library, workshop and store were also erected together with an entry building and shop.
Over the years the Moorabbin Air Museum has been recognised by a number of awards, the most prestigious of which was a Certificate of Merit in the 1985 Museum of the Year Awards. Apart from the preservation of aircraft, the Museum’s other great accomplishment has been the number of young members who have gone on to careers in aviation or museology; the experience gained while at the Museum standing them in good stead in their working lives.
To many it would seem that the Museum has accomplished its goals, but in truth it has barely begun. Between 1980 and 2000 the aircraft collection increased by an average of one airframe per year. The collection now totals 52 machines, and that makes the Museum the largest aircraft owner on Moorabbin Airport. It is an aeronautical collection larger than half the world’s airlines and a third of the world’s air forces, and only one third of it is displayed under cover. The rest is in storage, on loan, under restoration or, at worst, on display in the open air.
Today the Moorabbin Air Museum, now renamed as The Australian National Aviation Museum, attracts visitors from all over the world
Notable aircraft in collection
|Year||Aircraft||Acquired From and How|
|1962||Bristol Beaufighter||Donated from The Lord Mayors Children's Camp of Portsea.|
|1963||Avro Anson||Purchased from Flinders Island Airlines|
|1963||Gloster Meteor||Purchased from Australian Department of Supply|
|1963||DH.82A Tiger Moth||Donated from TAA|
|1963||CAC Wirraway||Purchased from CAC|
|1966||P-40 Kittyhawk fuselage||Unknown|
|1967||Fairey Firefly||Acquired in an exchange with a Dh Vampire A79-422 from the Blacktown Air League.|
- Ogden (2008)
- Goodall, Geoff (2008). Warbirds Directory. Australia: Geoff Goodall. (CD-ROM)
- Ogden, Bob (2008). Aviation Museums and Collections of The Rest of the World. UK: Air-Britain. ISBN 978-0-85130-394-9.
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