Ayrens

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Ayrens
Ruins of the chateau of Clavières-Ayrens
Ruins of the chateau of Clavières-Ayrens
Ayrens is located in France
Ayrens
Ayrens
Coordinates: 44°59′08″N 2°19′40″E / 44.9856°N 2.3278°E / 44.9856; 2.3278Coordinates: 44°59′08″N 2°19′40″E / 44.9856°N 2.3278°E / 44.9856; 2.3278
Country France
Region Auvergne
Department Cantal
Arrondissement Aurillac
Canton Laroquebrou
Intercommunality Aurillac
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Philippe Granier
Area
 • Land1 25.5 km2 (9.8 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 564
 • Population2 density 22/km2 (57/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 15016 / 15250
Elevation 517–729 m (1,696–2,392 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ayrens is a French commune in the Cantal department in the Auvergne region of south-central France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ayrencois or Ayrencoises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Ayrens is located some 15 km north-west of Aurillac and 5 km north of Saint-Paul-des-Landes. Access to the commune is by road D52 from Teissières-de-Cornet in the south-east which passes through the village and continues west then south to join the D120 north-east of Laroquebrou. The D53 comes from Saint-Paul-des-Landes in the south and also passes through the village before continuing north-east to join the D6 near the border of the commune. The D352 goes north from the village to join the D53 north of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of:

  • Les Baraques
  • Le Bos Niac
  • Boutonnet
  • Cels
  • Ciels
  • Colin
  • La Croix-Longue
  • Jammes
  • Le Mont
  • Renac
  • Selves
  • Serieys
  • Tannuies
  • La Tronque

The commune is mainly farmland with extensive forests in the northern part.[2]

The Ruisseau du Meyrou flows from the south-east through the south of the commune forming a small part of the western border before continuing north to join the Eize. The Ruisseau d'Ayrens rises in the east of the commune and flows west through the village to the join the Ruisseau du Meyrou on the western border of the commune. The Ruisseau de Braulle flows from the west of the commune through the centre north of the village to join the Ruisseau du Meyrou on the western border. The Ruisseau de Praniac rises in the north of the commune and forms part of the northern border as it flows west to join the Eize.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

Ayrens commune lies on the Paris meridian and on the 45th parallel north (45°0′0″N 2°20′14.025″E / 45.00000°N 2.33722917°E / 45.00000; 2.33722917). It was therefore the fundamental point for the Bonne projection used in the Carte d'État-Major (General Staff Map) in the 19th century.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

Mayors from 1935
From To Name Party Position
1935 1945 Pierre Poux
1943 1947 François Veschambres
1947 1958 Adrien Prunet
1958 1971 Albert Moissinac
1971 2008 Jean Chanut
2008 2014 Robert Wallez
2014 2020 Philippe Granier

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 564 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,390 1,240 1,135 1,151 1,191 1,164 1,183 1,140 1,148
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,117 1,001 1,005 990 962 960 965 1,061 912
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
960 852 838 740 751 702 642 632 569
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
513 505 444 544 545 494 525 564 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Ayrens

Sites and Monuments[edit]

The Chateau of Clavières in 1900
  • The intersection of the Paris meridian and the 45th parallel north is in a field where four trees were planted on the occasion of the celebration of the Méridienne verte (Green Meridian) on 14 July 2000. The trees are arranged in a square whose vertices are directed toward the four cardinal points, which allows the determination of the exact intersection point.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Cardinal Guillaume de La Jugie, restored then lived in the Château of Angouste in the 14th century.
  • Félix de la Salle de Rochemaure (1856–1915), French félibrige writer,[6][7][8] lived in the Château of Clavières.
  • Jean Léon Sanis (Ayrens 1804-?), geographer, professor at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Cantal (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Château de Clavières (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000361 Parc de Clavières (French)
  6. ^ Félibrée de Sceaux, Sunday 5 June 2011, intervention by Jacques Mouttet (French)
  7. ^ Duc de La Salle de Rochemaure, Gerbert, Silvestre II Paul Émile, Paris, 1914 (French)
  8. ^ Marcellin Boudet, Necrology of the Duke of La Salle de Rochemaure, 1915, in RHA, 60 p. (French)