Ruins of the chateau of Clavières-Ayrens
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Philippe Granier|
|Area1||25.5 km2 (9.8 sq mi)|
|• Density||22/km2 (57/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||15016 / 15250|
|Elevation||517–729 m (1,696–2,392 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ayrencois or Ayrencoises.
Ayrens is located some 15 km north-west of Aurillac and 5 km north of Saint-Paul-des-Landes. Access to the commune is by road D52 from Teissières-de-Cornet in the south-east which passes through the village and continues west then south to join the D120 north-east of Laroquebrou. The D53 comes from Saint-Paul-des-Landes in the south and also passes through the village before continuing north-east to join the D6 near the border of the commune. The D352 goes north from the village to join the D53 north of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of:
- Les Baraques
- Le Bos Niac
- La Croix-Longue
- Le Mont
- La Tronque
The commune is mainly farmland with extensive forests in the northern part.
The Ruisseau du Meyrou flows from the south-east through the south of the commune forming a small part of the western border before continuing north to join the Eize. The Ruisseau d'Ayrens rises in the east of the commune and flows west through the village to the join the Ruisseau du Meyrou on the western border of the commune. The Ruisseau de Braulle flows from the west of the commune through the centre north of the village to join the Ruisseau du Meyrou on the western border. The Ruisseau de Praniac rises in the north of the commune and forms part of the northern border as it flows west to join the Eize.
Ayrens commune lies on the Paris meridian and on the 45th parallel north ( ). It was therefore the fundamental point for the Bonne projection used in the Carte d'État-Major (General Staff Map) in the 19th century.
List of Successive Mayors
- Mayors from 1935
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 564 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Sites and Monuments
- The Château de Clavières, built in the Troubadour style, was burnt down on 25 May 1936 and left in ruins.
- The Parc de Clavières is registered as an historical monument.
- The intersection of the Paris meridian and the 45th parallel north is in a field where four trees were planted on the occasion of the celebration of the Méridienne verte (Green Meridian) on 14 July 2000. The trees are arranged in a square whose vertices are directed toward the four cardinal points, which allows the determination of the exact intersection point.
- Cardinal Guillaume de La Jugie, restored then lived in the Château of Angouste in the 14th century.
- Félix de la Salle de Rochemaure (1856–1915), French félibrige writer, lived in the Château of Clavières.
- Jean Léon Sanis (Ayrens 1804-?), geographer, professor at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand.
- Pope Sylvester II
- Auvergne (province), the historical independent county and later French province
- Auvergne (région), the modern-day administrative région, larger than the historical province of Auvergne, as it includes other provinces as Bourbonnais which historically were not part of Auvergne.
- Portal:European Union
- Communes of the Cantal department
- Felibrige official website (French)
- Ayrens on Lion1906
- Ayrens on Google Maps
- Ayrens on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Aireins on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Ayrens on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Google Maps
- Inhabitants of Cantal (French)
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Château de Clavières (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000361 Parc de Clavières (French)
- Félibrée de Sceaux, Sunday 5 June 2011, intervention by Jacques Mouttet (French)
- Duc de La Salle de Rochemaure, Gerbert, Silvestre II Paul Émile, Paris, 1914 (French)
- Marcellin Boudet, Necrology of the Duke of La Salle de Rochemaure, 1915, in RHA, 60 p. (French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ayrens.|
|This Cantal geographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|