Azara (plant)

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This article is about a plant genus. For other uses, see Azara.
Azara
Azara 466.JPG
A. dentata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Salicaceae
Tribe: Flacourtieae[1]
Genus: Azara
Ruiz & Pav.
Species

See text.

Synonyms

Arechavaletaia Speg.

Azara is a genus of ten species of flowering plants in the family Salicaceae, native to temperate to subtropical regions of South America. They are most often found at woodland margins and lakesides.[2] Azara was formerly classed in the family Flacourtiaceae.

They are evergreen shrubs and small trees growing to 1-8 m tall. The leaves are alternate, or in some species they appear paired, are simple 1-9 cm long and 0.5-5 cm broad. The opposite-leaved appearance of some species is unusual in that one stipule is enlarged giving the appearance of opposite ["paired"] leaves. The flowers are small, yellow or greenish, strongly fragrant, with a 4-5-lobed calyx and no petals but conspicuous long, often brightly colored, stamens; flowering is in spring. The fruit is a red to black berry 3-10 mm diameter.

Several species are cultivated as ornamental plants in gardens. In temperate regions they require the shelter of a wall.[2]

List of species[edit]

A.petiolaris

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus Azara". Taxonomy. UniProt. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  2. ^ a b RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 

External links[edit]