B. P. Schulberg
B.P. Schulberg (January 19, 1892 – February 25, 1957) was an American pioneer film producer and movie studio executive.
Life and career
Born Percival Schulberg in Bridgeport, Connecticut, he took the name Benjamin from the boy in front of him when registering for school to avoid mockery for his British name.
Schulberg was impressed with Edwin S. Porter's films and managed to get a job with the famous director as a scenario writer. He became a publicity manager at Famous Players-Lasky, but in the power struggle around the formation of United Artists ended up on the losing side and lost his job. The public later learned that it was Schulberg's idea to bring together the "Big-4" before they were ever founded. He was one of the founding members of the Associated Motion Picture Advertisers.
In 1919, at age 27, he founded Preferred Pictures and built it around "American Beauty" actress Katherine MacDonald. In 1923, his old school-mate and associate Jack Bachman convinced him to offer a New York starlet, 18-year-old Clara Bow, a three-month trial contract. Within days of her arrival, she was made part of the studio permanent stock.
On October 21, 1925, Schulberg's Preferred Pictures filed for bankruptcy, with debts of $820,774 and assets of just $1,420. Three days later it was announced that Schulberg would join with Adolph Zukor and became associate producer of Paramount Pictures, bringing his organization, i.e. Clara Bow.
Schulberg used his background in publicity to create some of the biggest phrases and slogans in film. For instance, he credited Mary Pickford as "America's Sweetheart," and made the slogans "Famous Players in Famous Plays" and "If it's a Paramount Picture, it's the best show in town."
In an era when the film industry was filled with conservative studio executives, B.P. Schulberg was a "New Deal" liberal, described by Moving Pictures magazine as "a political liberal in the reactionary world of Mayer and Hearst." His wife Adeline Jaffe Schulberg founded a talent agency taken over by her brother, producer/talent agent Sam Jaffe. She spent little time with Hollywood society women, instead working for charities that supported progressive causes and promoting socialism. She subsequently had a literary agency in New York. They were the parents of renowned novelist and screenwriter, Budd Schulberg, producer Stuart Schulberg, and writer Sonya Schulberg O'Sullivan.
In 1931, Paramount top-star Clara Bow left the studio, and within a year Schulberg was "squeezed out" and went back to independent film-production. In 1937, Paramount stopped distributing his films and he remained out of the business until 1940 when he began producing for Columbia Pictures. He produced six films for Columbia in three years until he retired in 1943. In 1950, he unsuccessfully offered his services in the film trade papers.
A comprehensive part of his life was recorded in Budd Schulberg's book "Moving Pictures, Memoirs of a Hollywood Prince".
For his contribution to the motion picture industry, B.P. Schulberg has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1500 Vine Street. The Paramount studios' "Directors Building" was renamed the "Schulberg Building" in his honor.
- The Woman Conquers (1922)
- White Man (1924)
- The Plastic Age (1925)
- Mantrap (1926)
- The Eagle of the Sea (1926)
- It (1927)
- Wings (1927)
- Special Delivery (1927)
- Underworld (1927)
- Swim Girl, Swim (1927)
- The Woman on Trial (1927)
- Red Hair (1928)
- Dangerous Paradise (1930)
- Paramount on Parade (1930) co-producer
- Three-Cornered Moon (1933)
- Luxury Liner (1933)
- Thirty Day Princess (1934)
- Little Miss Marker (1934)
- She Couldn't Take It (1935)
- Meet Nero Wolfe (1936)
- Bedtime Story (1941)
- Moving Pictures, Budd Schulberg, p.100, 1981, Allison & Busby, London UK, ISBN 0-7490-0127-5
- Jobes, Gertrude (1966). Motion Picture Empire. Connecticut: Archon Books. p. 228.
- "Movie Ad Men in Association". The Fourth Estate. August 5, 1916. Retrieved August 10, 2012.
- "My life, by Clara Bow". Told to and edited by Adela Rogers St. Johns. Published by Photoplay Magazine in February, March and April 1928
- Morning Avalanche, August 5, 1923
- NYT, October 22, 1925
- Associated Press news-wire, October 24, 1925
- Beck, Nicholas (2001). Budd Schulberg: A Bio-Bibliography. Maryland: The Scarecrow Press. p. 2. ISBN 0810840359.
- The Post, October 2, 1981
- Indiana Evening Gazette, p6, January 21, 1950