BAE Systems Land & Armaments
|Type||Private (subsidiary of BAE Systems Inc.)|
|Founded||June 24, 2005|
|Headquarters||Arlington, Virginia, United States|
|Key people||Bob Murphy (President)|
|Products||Military vehicles, artillery, naval guns, missile launchers and munitions|
|Revenue||£6.7 billion (2009)|
|Parent||BAE Systems Inc.|
BAE Systems Land & Armaments is a subsidiary of BAE Systems Inc. and is responsible for the design, development and production of combat vehicles, ammunition, artillery systems, naval guns and missile launchers. It is the largest such company in the world. It was created on June 24, 2005, following the completion of BAE Systems plc's acquisition of United Defense and its merger with BAE Systems Land Systems. The L&A group In 2007 BAE Systems acquired Armor Holdings adding to the size of Land & Armaments significantly.
Until 2004 BAE Systems was a relatively small player in the land systems industry, however following the 2004 purchase of Alvis Vickers, the 2005 acquisition of United Defense and the acquisition of Armor Holdings in 2007 it is now the largest land systems defense contractor.
BAE Systems was formed in 1999 by the merger of British Aerospace (BAe) and Marconi Electronic Systems (MES). BAe's land systems business was RO Defence, a major manufacturer of explosives, ammunition and small arms. MES owned Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Ltd, manufacturer of the M777 howitzer.
On June 4, 2004 BAE Systems outbid General Dynamics for Alvis plc, the UK's principal land systems business. What had seemed a certain win for the US company was stopped by BAE Systems' surprise move. It has been seen as an attempt to keep such a strong competitor at bay in BAE Systems' "backyard." Alvis and BAE RO Defence were merged as BAE Systems Land Systems. When Dick Olver was appointed Chairman of BAE Systems in July 2004 he ordered a review of the company's businesses which confirmed the attractiveness of the land systems sector. This shift in strategy was described as "remarkable" by the Financial Times. On March 7, 2005 BAE Systems announced the $3.974 billion acquisition of United Defense Industries (UDI). UDI, a major competitor to General Dynamics, was primarily a land systems manufacturer, boosting BAE Systems' involvement in this sector and its sales in the important North American market. UDI manufactured combat vehicles, artillery systems, naval guns, missile launchers and precision guided munitions.
BAE Systems Land and Armaments was formed in June 2005 in a reorganisation of BAE's businesses. Land and Armaments, headquartered in the United States as part of BAE Systems Inc, took control of BAE's existing land systems businesses.
Land and Armaments has received regular contracts for the "reset" of Bradley armoured fighting vehicles. By August of the financial year 2006 BAE had received contracts totaling $477.9 million.
In July 2009 BAE failed to win the $1.06 billion MRAP All Terrain Vehicle (M-ATV) contract which will see 2,244 vehicles produced for the US Marine Corps. In September 2009 BAE lost a larger contract, the first stage of a multibillion-dollar follow-on order for up to 23,000 trucks as part of the Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles programme. Despite a successful appeal forcing the US Army to reevaluate the bids, Oshkosh Corporation was confirmed as the winner of the £2.3 billion ($3.7 billion) contract in February 2010. BAE announced a £592 million writedown of the former Armor Holdings business as a result.
 Global Tactical Systems
Global Tactical Systems (GTS) was formed from the merger of Mobility & Protection Systems' Medium/Heavy Vehicle business (formerly Armor Holdings) and the Land Systems South Africa businesses.
 US Combat Systems
The former United Defense business, BAE's US Combat Systems produces fighting vehicle platforms and armaments.
 Global Combat Systems
Global Combat Systems (GCS) was formed on 1 February 2009 by the merger of BAE Systems' Land Systems Weapons & Vehicles, Land Systems (Munitions & Ordnance) Ltd and BAE Systems AB in Sweden. It also has a 50/50 joint venture with Nexter (formerly GIAT), CTA International, which is located in Bourges, France.
 GCS Munitions
Upon its creation on 2 January 1985, Royal Ordnance plc owned the twelve Royal Ordnance Factories (ROFs) that remained open, plus the Waltham Abbey South site, RSAF Enfield and three Agency Factories. Several factors delayed the intended privatisation until 22 April 1987, when British Aerospace purchased the company.
In 1999 British Aerospace merged with Marconi Electronic Systems, the defence interests of GEC to form BAE Systems. In 2002 Heckler & Koch was sold to Heckler and Koch Beteiligungs GmbH. In 2004 BAE Systems acquired Alvis plc which was merged with the RO Defence business and ex-GEC plants at Barrow-in-Furness and Leicester to form BAE Systems Land Systems. RO Defence was renamed BAE Systems Land Systems (Munitions and Ordnance). In 2005 BAE Systems acquired the US company United Defense Industries and merged it with the Land Systems business to create BAE Systems Land and Armaments. The former RO Defence business was renamed BAE Systems Land Systems Munitions. In February 2009 it was merged into GCS as Global Combat Systems Munitions.
GCS Munitions manufactures 4.6mm, 5.56mm and 7.62mm small arms ammunition, mortars, and land and sea artillery ammunition. It also produces explosives, guidance kits, propellants, demolition charges, initiators, pyrotechnics, and warheads for missiles, torpedoes and depth charges. These include the BROACH multi-stage warhead produced in partnership with Thales Missile Electronics and QinetiQ.
 GSC Weapons
Manufactures "intelligent ammunition, artillery systems, combat vehicle turrets, naval gun and air defence gun systems." Examples include the M777 howitzer.
 GCS Vehicles
Global Combat Systems Vehicles produces and supports main battle tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, armoured engineer vehicles, armoured all-terrain vehicles and military bridging vehicles. Examples include the Challenger 2 main battle tank and the CV90 infantry fighting vehicle family.
 Security & Survivability
Security and Survivability (S&S) consists of 3 Functional Areas: Platform Survivability (PS), Individual Protection Systems (IPS) and Advanced Materials. Platform Survivability Product lines include armored, crashworthy, and armored-crashworthy seating for aerospace products along with mineblast attenuating seats for vehicles. IPS produces individual small arms and fragmentation protection solutions, such as ESAPI and XSAPI armor, mostly for military customers. In July 2010, it was announced that Security and Survivability will cease to exist on 1 January 2011. The functional areas of S&S will be assigned to Global Tactical Systems (GTS) or the BAE Systems Products Group.
Tom Rabaut was named President of the newly created BAE Systems Land and Armaments, he was previously Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and President of United Defense since January 28, 1994. Rabaut retired on 1 January 2007 and was succeeded by Linda Hudson. Hudson has led General Dynamics Armament and Technical Products and held senior management positions at Lockheed Martin, Martin Marietta, Ford Aerospace, and Harris Corp.
- "Preliminary Announcement and Presentation 2009". BAE Systems plc. 2010-02-18. Archived from the original on 31 March 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- "Guns and vehicles: the Mahindras bet big on defence". Business Standard. Business Standard Ltd. 2010-02-17. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
- Spiegel, Peter (2005-06-25). "BAE prepares for increase land war spend". Financial Times.
- BAE Systems Awarded $223.5 Million Contract to Remanufacture and Upgrade Bradley Vehicles BAE Systems Retrieved 4 August 2006
- Oshkosh Wins $1.06 Billion Blast-Proof Truck Contract
- 'BAE hits rough terrain in US armour market' Financial Times, 15 September 2009
- http://www.gao.gov/decisions/bidpro/401865.pdf GAO Decision on Protest
- Robertson, David (2009-02-15). "BAE Systems left licking its wounds on Armor Holdings acquisition". The Times. Retrieved 2009-02-18.
- Roland, Gribben (2010-02-18). "BAE takes £600m hit on lost trucks contract". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2010-02-18.