Baisogala

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Baisogala
Town
Skyline of Baisogala
Coat of arms of Baisogala
Coat of arms
Baisogala is located in Lithuania
Baisogala
Baisogala
Location of Baisogala
Coordinates: 55°38′20″N 23°43′20″E / 55.63889°N 23.72222°E / 55.63889; 23.72222Coordinates: 55°38′20″N 23°43′20″E / 55.63889°N 23.72222°E / 55.63889; 23.72222
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Aukštaitija
County Šiauliai County
Municipality Radviliškis district municipality
Eldership Baisogala eldership
Capital of Baisogala eldership
First mentioned 1539
Population (2001)
 • Total 2,548
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Baisogala is a small town in Lithuania. It is situated on the crossroads of KėdainiaiŠeduva and RaseiniaiŠeduva roads.[1] According to the 2001 census, it had 2,548 residents.[2]

History[edit]

Baisogala Manor, 19th century

Baisogala is first mentioned in written sources in 1539 when King Sigismund I the Old established a parish with seat in the town.[3] Archeologists discovered cemeteries from the 5th and 6th centuries near the town suggesting the people inhabited the area well before the 16th century.[4] In the 17th century, the town was granted to the Radziwiłł family and changed hands a few times. In 1791 the town was granted city privileges according to the Magdeburg law.[4] Eventually, the town was bought in 1830 by Joseph Komar, a former colonel of Napoleon Bonaparte.[3] The Komar family remained in Baisogala until 1940 when the Soviets arrested and deported the family to Kazachstan.[3] Their large and decorated manor is quite well preserved and surrounded by 12 ha (30 acres) park.

Religion[edit]

The first church was built by King Sigismund II Augustus, but it did not survive. Church in the present location was built in 1781 and rebuilt in 1882 with financial support from the Komar family.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jankevičiūtė, Giedrė (2006). Lietuva (in Lithuanian). R. Paknio leidykla. p. 141. ISBN 9986-830-97-4. 
  2. ^ Šiaulių apskrities kaimo gyvenamosios vietovės ir jų gyventojai (in Lithuanian). Vilnius: Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. 2003. ISBN 9986-589-94-0. 
  3. ^ a b c d Semaška, Algimantas (2006). Kelionių vadovas po Lietuvą: 1000 lankytinų vietovių norintiems geriau pažinti gimtąjį kraštą (in Lithuanian) (4th ed. ed.). Vilnius: Algimantas. p. 220. ISBN 9986-509-90-4. 
  4. ^ a b Simas Sužiedėlis, ed. (1970–1978). "Baisogala". Encyclopedia Lituanica I. Boston, Massachusetts: Juozas Kapočius. pp. 241–242. LCC 74-114275.