Ban de la Roche

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Le Ban de la Roche (German: Steintal) is the name of an ancient seigneurie, later a county. It is situated in Alsace, France, Département du Bas-Rhin. This small region is referred by its old Ancien régime name because of its strong identity and because it is relatively different from its neighbors, including the fact that it was a Lutheran community surrounded by Catholic villages. There was an Amish farm in the village of Neuviller.

Villages[edit]

Map of the Ban de la Roche, made by minister Oberlin in 1776[1]

The Seigneurie included eight villages: Rothau (Seigneurie-seat), Wildersbach, Neuviller-la-Roche (along with hamlets La Haute Goutte and Riangoutte), Waldersbach, Bellefosse, Belmont, Fouday (with the hamlet Trouchy) and Solbach.

History[edit]

One of the most important lords of Ban de la Roche was Georges-Jean de Veldenz (Georg Hans von Veldenz) (1543–1592), son-in-law of the king of Sweden, and founder of the city of Phalsbourg. Count de Veldenz bought Le Ban de la Roche for its mining possibilities.

There were many witchcraft trials held in Le Ban de la Roche between the years 1620-1630.

Ban de la Roche was on the Amish centre. There was an Amish farm ("cense" in the local way of speaking) called Sommerhof in La Haute Goutte.

Beginning in 1763, many emigrants traveled to the United States to the state of Pennsylvania aboard ship Princess Augusta. The 19th century emigrants went to Ohio and Illinois.

It was a land of Lutheran pietism and religious intolerance.

Notable people[edit]

Twin city in Iowa[edit]

Le Ban de la Roche is twinned with Woolstock in Iowa, where many Bandelarochians migrated.

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the French Wikipedia.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ the word "comté" (count) has been barred since the French Revolution.