Banner Elk, North Carolina

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Banner Elk, North Carolina
Town
Location of Banner Elk, North Carolina
Location of Banner Elk, North Carolina
Coordinates: 36°9′34″N 81°52′18″W / 36.15944°N 81.87167°W / 36.15944; -81.87167Coordinates: 36°9′34″N 81°52′18″W / 36.15944°N 81.87167°W / 36.15944; -81.87167
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Avery
Founded 1848
Incorporated 1911
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
Area
 • Total 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2)
 • Land 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 3,701 ft (1,128 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,028
 • Density 545/sq mi (210.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 28604
Area code(s) 828
FIPS code 37-03500[1]
GNIS feature ID 1018956[2]
Website www.townofbannerelk.org

Banner Elk is a town in Avery County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 1,028 at the 2010 census.[3] Banner Elk is home to Lees–McRae College.

History[edit]

The area surrounding the Elk River was inhabited by the Cherokee before western settlement, although no evidence of a permanent Cherokee settlement has ever been found. It is likely the area was used for hunting and fishing. The first permanent settlement was established by Martin L. Banner in 1848. Although the Banner family originally came from Wales, Martin Banner moved from Forsyth County in the Piedmont region of North Carolina. Eventually, the Banner family grew to 55 members, and the area where they lived became known as Banner's Elk. This name was later shortened to Banner Elk when the town was incorporated in 1911.[4]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 811 people, 215 households, and 124 families residing in the town. The population density was 679.8 people per square mile (263.1/km²). There were 290 housing units at an average density of 243.1 per square mile (94.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.26% White, 3.95% African American, 0.62% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 1.23% from other races, and 2.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.85% of the population.

There were 215 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.3% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.65.

In the town the population was spread out with 10.7% under the age of 18, 47.8% from 18 to 24, 16.8% from 25 to 44, 14.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,750, and the median income for a family was $41,964. Males had a median income of $35,250 versus $23,036 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,725. About 13.5% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 17.0% of those age 65 or over.

Geography[edit]

Banner Elk is located at 36°9′34″N 81°52′18″W / 36.15944°N 81.87167°W / 36.15944; -81.87167 (36.159561, −81.871649).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2), all land.[3]

Climate[edit]

Banner Elk is located in North America's humid continental climate zone due to its elevation, which gives it a climate more like that of Altoona, Pennsylvania, than Asheville, North Carolina, during the winter. During the summer the temperatures are much like a mountain lake town in New Hampshire. The town typically has cold winters and warm, humid summers.

Climate data for Banner Elk, North Carolina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23)
75
(24)
82
(28)
86
(30)
89
(32)
98
(37)
95
(35)
97
(36)
93
(34)
86
(30)
76
(24)
75
(24)
98
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 41
(5)
44
(7)
53
(12)
60
(16)
68
(20)
74
(23)
77
(25)
76
(24)
71
(22)
63
(17)
54
(12)
45
(7)
60.5
(15.8)
Average low °F (°C) 20
(−7)
22
(−6)
30
(−1)
37
(3)
45
(7)
52
(11)
56
(13)
55
(13)
50
(10)
39
(4)
31
(−1)
24
(−4)
38.4
(3.5)
Record low °F (°C) −31
(−35)
−13
(−25)
−9
(−23)
7
(−14)
19
(−7)
27
(−3)
35
(2)
25
(−4)
24
(−4)
8
(−13)
−7
(−22)
−21
(−29)
−31
(−35)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.8
(97)
3.9
(99)
4.8
(122)
4.2
(107)
4.8
(122)
4.5
(114)
4.7
(119)
4.7
(119)
4.1
(104)
4.0
(102)
3.9
(99)
3.2
(81)
50.6
(1,285)
Snowfall inches (cm) 8.8
(22.4)
10.9
(27.7)
7.6
(19.3)
2.1
(5.3)
0.2
(0.5)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
2.6
(6.6)
7.0
(17.8)
39.7
(100.9)
Source: Weather Warehouse,[6] Weatherbase.com[7]

Attractions[edit]

During summertime there is hiking, whitewater rafting, fishing, and other activities. The largest lake in the area, Watauga Lake, is a favorite spot just 30 minutes away for boating, fishing and wake boarding. In the winter the main activities are skiing and snowboarding. There are two slopes in the area: Beech Mountain and Sugar Mountain. There was formerly a third, but in the winter of 2008-2009, Hawks' Nest became an all-tubing park, the largest in the Eastern United States.

There are several restaurants in Banner Elk in addition to a post office, bank, and many lodging choices. Every year the town hosts the annual Woolly Worm festival.

In the 1970s, Beech Mountain was home to a theme park based on the Land of Oz, but it closed after ten years. The attraction was never fully removed, and there have been various attempts to revive it.

Education[edit]

Lees–McRae College is a private four-year college in Banner Elk, affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (USA). Banner Elk has a K-5th school, run by the Avery County School system.

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Banner Elk town, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 
  4. ^ Heritage, 1976
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Weather History for Banner Elk, NC". weather-warehouse.com. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Banner Elk, NC, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 

External links[edit]