Battambang Province

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Battambang
បាត់ដំបង
Province
Battambangcart.jpg
Map of Cambodia highlighting Battambang Province
Map of Cambodia highlighting Battambang Province
Country  Cambodia
Capital Battambang
Government
 • Governor Chan Sophal (CPP)
Area
 • Total 11,702.0 km2 (4,518.2 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 5th
Population (2008)
 • Total 1,036,523
 • Rank Ranked 4th
 • Density 89/km2 (230/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 12th
Time zone Cambodia Standard Time (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code KH-2

Battambang (Khmer: បាត់ដំបង, IPA: [ˌɓat dɑm ˈɓɑːŋ], "Loss Staff") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the far northwest. Bordering provinces are Banteay Meanchey to the north, Pursat to the east and south, Siem Reap to the northeast, and Pailin to the west. The northern and southern extremes of the province's western boundaries form part of the international border with Thailand. In addition, Tonle Sap forms part of the northeastern boundary between Siem Reap and Pursat. Its capital and largest city is Battambang.

With a population of 1,036,523, it ranks as the fourth most populous province. In land area, Battambang is the fifth largest province of Cambodia. Battambang is one of the provinces included in the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve.[1] The province's fertile rice fields have led to a mostly agricultural economy giving rise to the moniker "the Rice Bowl of Cambodia". The province features a range of cultures as well as natural resources. Seventy five percent of the area is jungles and mountains. The area has a tropical climate.

Etymology[edit]

Battambang literally means "Loss of Staff" in Khmer, referring to the local legend of Preah Bat Dambang Kranhoung. Stone inscriptions discovered from pre-Angkorian and Angkorian eras have as yet not mentioned any contemporary villages or districts called "Battambang" but according to the document Mohachun Khmer, "Srok Battambang" (Battambang district) was used during the Angkor and post-Angkor eras.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Battambang is subdivided into 14 districts (srok=Khmer: ស្រុក), which are further subdivided into 96 subdistricts (khum=Khmer: ឃុំ) and 799 villages (phum=Khmer: ភូមិ).

  1. Banan (Khmer: បាណន់)
  2. Thmar Koul (Khmer: ថ្មគោល)
  3. Battambang (Khmer: បាត់ដំបង)
  4. Bavel (Khmer: បវេល)
  5. Aek Phnom (Khmer: ឯកភ្នំ)
  6. Moung Russei (Khmer: មោងឫស្សី
  7. Rotanak Mondul (Khmer: រតនមណ្ឌល)
  1. Sangkhae (Khmer: សង្កែ)
  2. Samlout (Khmer: សំឡូត)
  3. Sampov Loun (Khmer: សំពៅលូន)
  4. Phnom Proek (Khmer: ភ្នំព្រឹក)
  5. Kamrieng (Khmer: កំរៀង)
  6. Koas Krala (Khmer: គាស់ក្រឡ)
  7. Ruhakiri (Khmer: រុក្ខគិរី)

Local government entities within the province are the two towns, and 12 subdistrict municipalities

Attractions[edit]

Religious Sites[edit]

Wat Ek

Wat Ek Phnom[edit]

  • Wat Ek Phnom (Khmer: វត្តឯកភ្នំ) an atmospheric, partly collapsed, 11th-century temple situated 11 km north of Battambang, measures 52m by 49m and is surrounded by the remains of a laterite wall and an ancient baray (reservoir). A lintel showing the Churning of the Ocean of Milk can be seen above the east entrance to the central temple, whose upper flanks hold some fine bas-reliefs. Construction of the giant Buddha statue next door has been stopped by the government because, they say, it mars the site’s timeless beauty. This is a very popular picnic and pilgrimage destination for Khmers at festival times.[2]

Wat Banan[edit]

  • Wat Banan (Khmer: វត្តបាណន់) located some 25 km south of Battambong City is like a smaller version of the rather more illustrious Angkor Wat. Built in the 10th century, it is very popular at weekends with Khmer families out on picnics.

Transportation[edit]

The only way to reach Battambang is by bus or private taxi. Both the airport and railway line are not in use. Buses make the trip from Phnom Penh and Siem Reap almost hourly. It is a 5-6 hour bus ride from Phnom Penh and a 3-4 hour bus ride from Siem Reap.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°1′43″N 102°59′22″E / 13.02861°N 102.98944°E / 13.02861; 102.98944