Battle of the Berlengas (1666)

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Battle of the Berlengas
Part of Portuguese Restoration War
Forte das Berlengas (2).jpg
Fort of São João Baptista
Date 28 June to 1 July 1666
Location Berlengas archipelago, Portugal
Result Spanish victory, fort taken and destroyed.[1]
Belligerents
 Portugal  Spain
Commanders and leaders
Portugal António Avelar Pessoa Spain Diego Ibarra
Strength
28 men[2] 15 ships[3]
1,500 men[4]
Casualties and losses
1 man killed
4 men wounded
9 artillery pieces captured
11 men killed, 30 wounded[5]

The Battle of Berlengas was fought in 1666, between the Portuguese defenders of the Fort São João Baptista and a Spanish fleet commanded by Diego de Ibarra. The fleet, which had destroyed Portuguese fisheries, bombarded towns and cut off supplies in one month as part of a brilliant journey, proceeded to storm the fort on the Berlingas.[6] The fort was destroyed and all of the garrison were captured.[7]

The fort was rebuilt more than one hundred years ago after the battle had occurred.[clarification needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Porter&Prince p.168
  2. ^ Porter, Prince, "In 1666, 28 Portuguese tried to withstand 1,500 Spaniards who bombarded the site from 15 ships." p.12
  3. ^ Porter, Prince, p.12
  4. ^ Porter, Prince, p.12
  5. ^ Duro. p.91
  6. ^ Brown & Cavendish p.149
  7. ^ Duro p.91

References[edit]

  • Darwin Porter, Danforth Prince, Frommer's Portugal (2010) ISBN 978-0-470-54120-3
  • Abigail Hole, Charlotte Beech, Portugal (2005) ISBN 978-1-74059-682-4
  • Fernández Duro, Cesáreo: Armada española desde la unión de los reinos de Castilla y de León, Vol.5. Est. tipográfico "Sucesores de Rivadeneyra", (1899)
  • Brown, Rawdon & Cavendish, George: Calendar of state papers and manuscripts relating, to English affairs, existing in the archives and collections of Venice: and in other libraries of northern Italy, Vol.35. H.M. Stationery office, 1935

Coordinates: 39°25′N 9°30′W / 39.42°N 9.50°W / 39.42; -9.50