Battus polydamas

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Battus polydamas
Battus polydamas neodamas MHNT.jpg
Battus polydamas neodamas MHNT
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Tribe: Troidini
Genus: Battus
Species: B. polydamas
Binomial name
Battus polydamas
Linnaeus, 1758
Synonyms
  • Papilio polydamas L.

The Gold Rim Swallowtail or Polydamas Swallowtail (Battus polydamas) is a butterfly of the family Papilionidae.

Description[edit]

Dorsal view of Battus polydamas

The wingspan is 90–120 mm without the tail. The upperside of the wings is black with a broad submarginal band formed by large yellow spots. The undersides of the forewings have the same pattern, while the hind wings have a submarginal row of red lunules. This butterfly flies from April to November in three generations in the north of its range, throughout the year in several generations in the tropics. The larvae feed on Aristolochia species.

Distribution[edit]

It is found in the Neotropic ecozone of North America and South America], and the Southernmost parts of the North American Nearctic ecozone in Mexico.[1]

Habitat[edit]

Battus polydamas is mainly present in open woods and in abandoned fields and areas.

Gallery[edit]

Subspecies[edit]

  • Battus polydamas polydamas (Tropical South America)
  • Battus polydamas antiquus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)
  • Battus polydamas atahualpa Racheli & Pischedda, 1987; Peru.
  • Battus polydamas cebriones (Dalman, 1823);
  • Battus polydamas christopheranus (Hall, 1936).
  • Battus polydamas cubensis (Dufrane, 1946); Cuba.
  • Battus polydamas dominicus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906); Dominican Republic.
  • Battus polydamas grenadensis (Hall, 1930)
  • Battus polydamas jamaicensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906); Jamaica.
  • Battus polydamas lucayus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906); Bahamas.
  • Battus polydamas lucianus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) St. Lucia
  • Battus polydamas neodamas (Lucas, 1852); Guadeloupe.
  • Battus polydamas peruanus (Fuchs, 1954); Peru.
  • Battus polydamas polycrates (Hopffer, 1865); Haïti, Dominican Republic.
  • Battus polydamas psittacus (Molina, 1782); Argentina.
  • Battus polydamas renani Lamas, 1998; Peru.
  • Battus polydamas streckerianus (Honrath, 1884); Peru.
  • Battus polydamas thyamus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906); Puerto-Rico, Virgin Islands.
  • Battus polydamas vincentius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)
  • Battus polydamas xenodamas (Hübner, 1825) Martinique[2]
  • Battus polydamas weyrauchi Lamas, 1998; Peru.[1]

References[edit]

Paul Smart, 1976 The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World in Color.London, Salamander:Encyclopedie des papillons. Lausanne, Elsevier Sequoia (French language edition)ISBN 9780948427046 ISBN 0600313816 page 159 fig.19 as B. archidamas Bsdv., underside (Chile), fig. 17 as polydamas (Mexico).

External links[edit]