Batz-sur-Mer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Batz-sur-Mer
Seaside in Batz-sur-Mer
Seaside in Batz-sur-Mer
Batz-sur-Mer is located in France
Batz-sur-Mer
Batz-sur-Mer
Coordinates: 47°16′41″N 2°28′44″W / 47.2781°N 2.4789°W / 47.2781; -2.4789Coordinates: 47°16′41″N 2°28′44″W / 47.2781°N 2.4789°W / 47.2781; -2.4789
Country France
Region Pays de la Loire
Department Loire-Atlantique
Arrondissement Saint-Nazaire
Canton Le Croisic
Intercommunality Cap Atlantique
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Danielle Rival
Area1 9.27 km2 (3.58 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 3,089
 • Density 330/km2 (860/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 44010 / 44740
Elevation 0–21 m (0–69 ft)
(avg. 12 m or 39 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Batz-sur-Mer (Breton: Bourc'h-Baz) is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France.

The town lies between the Bay of Biscay and its salt marshes and is a very Breton town of whitewashed granite houses.[1]

History[edit]

In 945, Alan II, Duke of Brittany, founded a priory in Batz-sur-Mer, dedicated to St Winwaloe. Its Benedictine monks developed the local economy, and apart from religion they devoted themselves to agriculture and to the maintenance of salt ponds.

The historic church of Saint-Guénolé, or Winwaloe, largely dating from the 15th century, stands in the town centre.[2] The church contains a 16th-century sculpture of the Madonna and Child,[3] and its 17th-century belfry provides a significant local landmark.[1] Climbing to the top of the tower gives a good view over the salt marshes and the Le Croisic peninsula.[4]

Batz was historically part of the Duchy of Brittany and is very near to the south-eastern limit of the area in which there is evidence of Breton settlement in the early Middle Ages.[5] The town remained part of Brittany until 1957, and the Breton language was still being spoken there as late as the early 20th century.

In 1834, Balzac stayed in the commune, with Laure de Berny, at the Calme Logis of Madame de La Valette. He wrote there Un drame au bord de la mer,[6] which is set in nearby Le Croisic.

The mathematician Pavel Samuilovich Urysohn drowned while swimming there with his colleague Pavel Alexandrov, who was greatly distressed by his failure to save his friend. Urysohn is buried in Batz-sur-Mer.[7]

The Musée des marais salants (or salt ponds museum) was founded in 1887 by Adèle Pichon, a local nun, after she realized that tourism would put an end to the local way of life, and this is now one of the oldest traditional local museums in France.[4]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 3,346 —    
1800 3,254 −2.7%
1806 3,222 −1.0%
1821 3,350 +4.0%
1831 3,643 +8.7%
1836 3,649 +0.2%
1841 3,597 −1.4%
1846 3,616 +0.5%
1851 3,834 +6.0%
1856 2,938 −23.4%
1861 3,003 +2.2%
1866 2,988 −0.5%
1872 2,733 −8.5%
1876 2,689 −1.6%
1881 2,726 +1.4%
1886 2,651 −2.8%
1891 2,569 −3.1%
1896 2,506 −2.5%
1901 2,420 −3.4%
1906 2,442 +0.9%
1911 2,248 −7.9%
1921 1,904 −15.3%
1926 1,892 −0.6%
1931 1,841 −2.7%
1936 1,776 −3.5%
1946 2,284 +28.6%
1954 2,181 −4.5%
1962 2,288 +4.9%
1968 2,277 −0.5%
1975 2,236 −1.8%
1982 2,590 +15.8%
1990 2,734 +5.6%
1999 3,051 +11.6%
2006 3,217 +5.4%
2009 3,089 −4.0%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arthur Eperon, The Loire Valley (1989), p. 195
  2. ^ Peter M. Nahm, Baedeker's Loire (1985), p. 42
  3. ^ The Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art, Volume 62 (1975), p. 21
  4. ^ a b Philippe Barbour, Brittany, 3rd (2005), p. 426
  5. ^ John T. Koch (ed.), Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia, Volumes 1-5 (2006), p. 188
  6. ^ Un drame au bord de la mer
  7. ^ Loren R. Graham, Jean-Michel Kantor, Naming infinity: a true story of religious mysticism and mathematical creativity, p. 177

External links[edit]