Bella Vista, Arkansas
|Bella Vista, Arkansas|
|— City —|
|Benton County and the state of Arkansas|
|• Mayor||Frank Anderson|
|• Total||66.4 sq mi (172 km2)|
|• Land||65.6 sq mi (169.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)|
|Elevation||1,033 ft (315 m)|
|• Density||249.7/sq mi (96.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0076292|
Bella Vista is a city in Benton County, Arkansas. It previously was the largest unincorporated community in the state of Arkansas; however, in November 2006 it voted to incorporate and form a municipality. According to the 2010 U.S. Census the population was 25,250. The geographical size of the city is about 65 square miles (170 km2). . The town has two USPS ZIP codes: 72714 on the east side and 72715 on the west side. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.
First established in 1965, the village is located on U.S. Route 71 at the end of Interstate 540 between Bentonville and the Missouri state line. Although originally primarily an affluent retirement community, recent growth includes many young couples and families. Prior to incorporation, Bella Vista was "governed" by its Property Owners Association, a private organization performing all the normal functions of a local government.
Bella Vista has seven lakes. These lakes are not "public" in that only members of the community or their guests are permitted to use them. Lake Ann, Lake Windsor, and Lake Loch Lomond are the largest all-sports lakes in the town. Lake Avalon, Lake Norwood, and Lake Rayburn are primarily fishing lakes with "no wake" restrictions. Current POA boat permits are required as are Arkansas fishing licenses, when fishing Bella Vista lakes.
- Lake Ann is an all-water sport lake with 112.5 acres (0.455 km2) of surface area. Because it is 53.5 feet (16.3 m) deep with no power limit, water skiing is allowed on Lake Ann.
- Lake Windsor is the second largest of the lakes, covering 220 acres (0.89 km2) with a maximum depth of 79.5 feet (24.2 m). Lake Windsor is also an unlimited power lake, and water skiing is allowed.
- Loch Lomond is the largest of all the lakes in the Village. It is 80 feet (24 m) deep and covers 477 acres (1.93 km2). There is no power limit, skiing is allowed, and boat rental is offered.
- Lake Avalon is a limited-power lake that features an enclosed, heated fishing dock located off Tamworth Circle. This lake covers 67 acres (270,000 m2) and is 50 feet (15 m) deep.
- Lake Brittany is 77 feet (23 m) deep, has a 35-acre (140,000 m2) surface area and is a limited-power lake. Although there is currently no launching ramp, the terrain is suitable for launching.
- Lake Norwood, located just north of Bella Vista's Town Center, has 34.5 acres (140,000 m2) of surface area and is 75 feet (23 m) deep. The Lake Norwood launching ramp is located north of Harp's Food Store in Town Center. This is a limited-power lake.
- Lake Rayburn is 60 feet (18 m) deep and has a 47-acre (190,000 m2) surface area. This lake has limited power regulations. It also features a designated swimming area and a launching ramp that is accessible from Lakeside Drive.
Bella Vista Lake has a 1.8-mile (2.9 km) long walking/biking trail that goes around the lake. (The trail, however, is actually maintained by the City of Bentonville.) Tanyard Creek is another walking trail off Lake Windsor in the center of the village. It has a footbridge and some waterfalls except during dry times.
Bella Vista is located at 36°27'50" North, 94°16'16" West (36.463850, -94.270974). According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP (Census Designated Place) had a total area of 66.4 square miles (172 km2). 65.6 square miles (170 km2) of it was land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) of it (1.19%) was water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 16,582 people, 7,818 households, and 6,004 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 252.8 inhabitants per square mile (97.6/km²). There are 8,854 housing units at an average density of 135.0 per square mile (52.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.87% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.01% of the population.
There were 7,818 households out of which 13.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.4% are married couples living together, 3.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.38.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 12.3% under the age of 18, 3.0% from 18 to 24, 16.4% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 41.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 61 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $44,090, and the median income for a family was $48,233. Males had a median income of $34,547 versus $24,690 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $25,406. About 1.5% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under the age of 18 and 1.0% of those 65 and older.
Bella Vista's Declarations and Protective Covenants  is the "rule book" that governs the village. The Property Owners Association must follow this "rule book" composed of various articles. There are Class A and Class B members of Bella Vista Village. Class B refers to Cooper[clarification needed] who gets 10 votes per lot owned and Class A refers to lots owners who receive one vote per lot owned. However, Cooper now owns too few lots to sway the vote. Both Class A and class B members must approve a vote before it is binding.
The POA is governed by a nine-member Board of Directors who serve three-year terms. They set the direction and long-term objectives for the POA guided by the village’s declarations and protective covenants. The day-to-day activity of the POA is directed by its general manager, with division heads and site managers responsible for the various departments and facilities throughout the village.
Recently, the Village members have voted to incorporate as an official city. The POA still remains intact to service the recreational amenities but the City of Bella Vista has now assumed many of the functional and infrastructure responsibilities.
Public safety 
The POA provides water and sanitation (trash pick-up) service to Bella Vista residents. There also are two semi-annual pick ups of large items. Carroll Electric Cooperative provides electricity for Bella Vista residents. Phone service is provided by AT&T, and cable television is provided by Cox Communications. Village Waste Water provides sewer service to portions of Bella Vista.
Travel to Bella Vista and the surrounding areas increases greatly in the summertime.
There are two school districts serving the village. On the east side is the Bentonville School District  and on the west side is Gravette School District. Also serving the village is a private preschool, Bella Vista Montessori Academy. New to the village is Cooper Elementary part of the Bentonville District, It serves school to half of Bella Vista's K-4 population.
Northwest Arkansas Community College is also part of this community, with its main branch in Bentonville near I-540 and it's "College at the Crossing" and "Highlands Crossing Center" located in Bella Vista (http://www.nwacc.edu/web/catc/index.php ) . This college adds many positive elements to the Bella Vista community. Students benefit from the natural science and beauty of the area. For example, the Tanyard Creek Nature Trail is just downstream of Lake Windsor dam near the golf course. Students at NWACC have completed an EMPACTS class project that shows part of their geology field trip as a website (supplemented with a term paper and brochure); please see web link at http://faculty.nwacc.edu/EAST_original/Fall%202011/Geology%20Williams/General%20Geology.htm .
Infrastructure issues currently exist for Bella Vista, where traffic levels are quickly increasing. Google provides a map  showing the spur route Interstate 540 in Arkansas and the Interstate-standard US 71 in Missouri, which will eventually connect to become part of a long planned future Interstate 49. Some locals refer to this as a western bypass or bypass of the current US 71 that runs through Bella Vista. Many in Arkansas and Missouri, especially truckers, are desperate to see the highway fully connected and flowing due to current traffic congestion. On April 13, 2006 the AR Highway Commission approved the use of Tolls to finance construction.
See also 
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Bella Vista Village Property Owner's Association Governing Documents
- Bentonville Public Schools
- Welcome to Gravette Public Schools
- Bella Vista Montessori Academy - Home
- Google Maps
- Toll Road News Accessed 10/2/2010
- Bella Vista Village Property Owner's Association
- Bella Vista Public Library
- Bentonville/Bella Vista Chamber of Commerce