Berliner-Joyce

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Berliner-Joyce Aircraft
Industry Aerospace
Fate Acquired
Predecessor(s) Berliner Aircraft Company
Successor(s) North American Aviation
Founded 4 February 1929[1]
Defunct 1933
Headquarters Alexandria, Virginia
Key people Henry Berliner, Temple Nach Joyce
Products Aircraft

Berliner-Joyce Aircraft was an American aircraft manufacturer. It was founded on 4 February 1929 when Henry Berliner and his 1922 company, Berliner Aircraft Company of Alexandria, Virginia, joined with Maryland Aviation Commission leader Captain Temple Nach Joyce.[1][2]

Berliner-Joyce hired William H. Miller as chief designer, and opened a 58,000 square foot factory in Dundalk, Maryland, near Logan Field.[3] The Great Depression ended the civil aircraft production market, so Berliner-Joyce concentrated on designing aircraft for the USAAC and US Navy.[1]

In May 1929 the company received its first order, for the Berliner-Joyce XFJ. Other projects, the P-16 and OJ-2, also received orders, but in 1933 North American Aviation bought controlling interest in the company and appointed its own executives. In January 1934 Joyce left the company to join Bellanca Aircraft, and soon after Berliner left for Engineering and Research Corporation. The company became the B/J division of North American Aviation, and was moved from Maryland to Inglewood, California.[1]

Aircraft[edit]

Summary of aircraft built by
Model name First flight Number built Type
Berliner-Joyce XFJ May 1930 1 fighter
Berliner-Joyce P-16 1 September 1929 26 fighter
Berliner-Joyce OJ observation
Berliner-Joyce F2J
Berliner-Joyce XF3J 23 January 1934 1 fighter


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Angelucci, 1987. pp.58-59.
  2. ^ Aviation: 375. 21 March 1921. 
  3. ^ John R. Breihan. Maryland Aviation. p. 29. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Angelucci, Enzo (1987). The American Fighter from 1917 to the present. New York: Orion Books. pp. 58–59.