Bernard I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

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Bernard I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Spouse(s) Margaret of Saxony
Noble family House of Guelph
Father Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg
Born between 1358 and 1364
Died 11 June 1434(1434-06-11)
Celle

Bernard (between 1358 and 1364 – 11 June 1434, Celle), Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruled over several principalities of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In the genealogy of the House of Welf, he is considered the first member of the Second House of Lüneburg.

Bernard was the second son of Magnus with the Necklace. After the death of his father in 1373, he and his brothers agreed with the Ascanian dukes of Saxony-Wittenberg to alternate rule in the Principality of Lüneburg. From 1375 on, Bernard took part in the government de jure, and from 1385 on de facto.

After their oldest brother, Frederick, had been murdered in 1400, Bernard and his brother Henry went on a revenge campaign against the Archbishopric of Mainz and the County of Waldeck, since the archbishop of Mainz was the suspected instigator of the murder plot, and the count of Waldeck performed the deed.

Bernard and Henry ruled the Principality of Brunswick together after Frederick's death; in a treaty of 1409, Bernard received sole rule over Brunswick. After a second treaty in 1428, Bernard switched to the Principality of Lüneburg.

Family[edit]

Bernard married Margaret, daughter of Wenceslaus, Elector of Saxony, in 1386. They had three children:

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

Bernard I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Cadet branch of the House of Este
Born: between 1358-64 Died: 11 June 1434
German nobility
Preceded by
Wenceslaus
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Lüneburg
joint reign with his brother Henry the Mild

1388–1409
Succeeded by
Henry the Mild
Preceded by
Frederick
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
until 1409 joint reign with his brother Henry the Mild

1400–1428
Succeeded by
Henry the Peaceful and William the Victorious
Preceded by
Henry the Peaceful and William the Victorious
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Lüneburg

1428–1434
Succeeded by
Otto the Lame and Frederick the Pious