Bernard Stone

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Bernard L. Stone
City of Chicago Alderman, Democratic Committeeman
City of Chicago Alderman
In office
1973–2011
Preceded by Jack I. Sperling
Succeeded by Debra Silverstein
Constituency 50th ward
Personal details
Born (1927-10-24) October 24, 1927 (age 86)
Political party Democrat,
Republican
Residence Chicago, Illinois
Alma mater Wilbur Wright College, Bachelor’s Degree
John Marshall Law School, Juris Doctor

Bernard "Berny" L. Stone (born November 24, 1927)[1] was alderman of the 50th Ward of the City of Chicago, Illinois. The 50th ward encompasses part of Chicago's far North Side and includes the West Ridge, West Rogers Park and Peterson Park neighborhoods. First elected to the Council in 1973, Stone was also the second longest-serving alderman (after Edward M. Burke). Stone was also Vice Mayor of the City of Chicago from 1998 to 2011.[2] Stone was a member of the "Vrdolyak 29" who were politically opposed to Mayor Harold Washington, Chicago's first black mayor.[3] Stone was a protagonist in a protracted legal conflict with the neighboring suburb of Evanston in 1993–1994. Employees of Stone's 2007 re-election campaign were convicted of vote fraud in 2010.

Education[edit]

Stone was educated in the Chicago Public Schools, at Von Humboldt Elementary and Tuley High School, which is now Roberto Clemente Community Academy.[citation needed] Stone earned an undergraduate degree from Wright Junior College, now known as Wilbur Wright College, where he was president of his freshman class and a letterman on the school football team.[citation needed] Stone enlisted in the United States Army in 1945 and served for two years before being honorably discharged with the victory and good conduct citations.[citation needed] Stone obtained his Degree of Jurist Doctor from John Marshall Law School.[citation needed]

Early attempts at elected office[edit]

In 1956 Stone ran in a multi-way race in the Democratic primary for the Illinois state House of Representatives from the 8th district,[4][5] but was defeated by Esther Saperstein,[6] who went on to serve in the Illinois House for 10 years and became Illinois' first woman state senator.[7]

In 1963 Stone was one of a then-record 233 persons who filed to run for Chicago alderman. Stone was one of eleven candidates who filed to run for alderman of the 50th ward, ten of which were attempting to unseat incumbent, Republican Alderman Jack I. Sperling, who was seeking a third four-year term. Stone filed without the endorsement of a political party.[8] By February, 1963, Stone was not on the ballot for the February 26, 1963 election.[9]

1973 campaign for alderman[edit]

On January 29, 1973 the Supreme Court of Illinois appointed Alderman Sperling to fill a vacancy as Cook County Circuit Court judge.[10] The Chicago City Council called a special election for June 5, 1973 to fill vacant City Council seats, including the 50th ward alderman seat. Stone was an employee in the office of Cook County Sheriff Richard Elrod. Stone was vice president of the 50th ward regular Democratic organization. Stone was endorsed by the 50th ward regular Democratic organization for alderman.[11] Stone was one of five candidates who filed to finish Sperling's term.[12][13][14] Another candidate, independent Theodore Berland, was a medical writer and nationally recognized anti-noise activist who was chiefly responsible for Chicago's anti-noise ordinance. Berland was endorsed by the Independent Voters of Illinois (IVI), and by independent aldermen including Leon Despres [5th], Seymour Simon [40th], and John Hoellen [47th].[15] Another independent candidate, attorney Ray Jeffrey Cohen, was endorsed by the Independent Precinct Organization (IPO).[12] Stone organized the "Concerned Citizens of the 50th Ward" to counter neighboring Lincolnwood's opposition to a bridge over the North Shore Channel at Pratt Avenue, which Stone called a "necessity" for the 50th ward.[16] No candidate received a majority of the vote, and so a run-off was called for July 3, 1973 between the top two vote-getters, Stone (47%) and Berland (27%).[17][18]

Berland picked up additional endorsements, including all seven independent alderman, including William Cousins [8th], Anna Langford [16th], and Dick Simpson [44th], as well as the endorsements of State Senator Dawn Clark Netsch and State Representative James Houlihan,[15][18] and the Chicago Tribune. With a turnout of about 53% of registered voters in the 50th ward, Stone defeated Berland 12,882 to 10,958, recapturing the 50th ward for the regular Democratic organization for the first time since 1955.[19]

The Republican years (1987–1990)[edit]

On Thursday, October 29, 1987 Alderman Stone announced he had joined the Republican Party and that he intended to run for Cook County Recorder of Deeds. "I found the party I have supported since 1932 has changed completely," Stone said in a press conference. "The party I thought stood for all the people stands for special interests."[20] Former Alderman and former Cook County Democratic chairman Edward R.Vrdolyak, a recent convert to the GOP, encouraged Stone to become a Republican and to run for recorder. "I can no longer be part of a party [Democratic Party] that punishes law-abiding, tax-paying citizens and communities," Stone said. Stone said another factor in his switch was that "the Democratic Party is drifting away from America's historically strong commitment to Israel."[21] By threatening to run for Chairman of the Republican Party of Cook County, and for Cook County State's Attorney, Vrdolyak brokered a deal to slate himself for Clerk of the Circuit Court of Cook County, and Stone for Cook County Recorder of Deeds.[22]

First attempt at mayor[edit]

Less than a month later, Wednesday, November 25, 1987, Harold Washington, Chicago's first African-American mayor, died suddenly in office. Under Illinois State law it fell to the Council to name a successor. The Aldermen caucused along racial lines, and, although one of just two Republican aldermen, Stone caucused with the white aldermen.[23] Stone announcing his candidacy for Mayor to his caucus on Sunday, November 29, 1987 and to the public at a City Hall press conference at 10:00 AM on Tuesday, December 1, 1987. Few took Stone's candidacy seriously; many saw it as a publicity ploy for his Recorder race. Two days later the City Council selected Alderman Eugene Sawyer to succeed Washington.[23]

Race for recorder of deeds[edit]

In 1988 Stone ran as a Republican against Democratic Illinois State Representative Carol Moseley Braun, who is black, for Cook County Recorder of Deeds. Stone told reporters he did not expect their newspapers to endorse him. "Just run a picture of Braun," Stone said. "That's all I ask." Disappointed that few people were focusing on the racial factor in the recorder's election, Stone went for the backlash vote by taking the politically unusual step of featuring Braun's photograph in his own campaign literature.[24] Stone was soundly defeated by Braun and contributed to a sweep of Cook County offices by Democrats.[25]

Second attempt at mayor[edit]

In 1989 Stone unsuccessfully sought the Republican slating for Mayor of Chicago, to run against Democrat Richard M. Daley.[26] Daley succeeded Eugene Sawyer as mayor, and in 1990 Stone returned to the Democratic Party.[27]

"Berny's Wall"[edit]

Although resident and corporate relations between Chicago and neighboring suburb Evanston are generally cordial and co-operative, Stone was an agent in perhaps the most significant altercation in recent decades. The Evanston City Council adopted the Southwest II Tax Increment Financing (TIF) District, also called the Howard-Hartrey TIF, on April 27, 1992, in order to incentivize the development of a disused 23-acre Bell and Howell distribution center.[28] At the behest of Stone, on May 26, 1993 a contractor hired by the City of Chicago erected a three-block long, continuous steel guardrail down the middle of Howard Street, effectively preventing vehicles on the Chicago side of Howard from crossing over to Evanston and vice versa. The 212-foot-high median was aimed at protecting residents of the ward from the hundreds of cars expected to converge daily on a proposed shopping center on the Evanston side of Howard Street, projected to open in 1995. A spokesman for the Chicago Department of Transportation said construction of the wall cost about $150,000. A Cook County Circuit Court judge denied a request by Evanston for a restraining order to stop construction of the wall.[29][30] The Chicago Tribune called Stone "silly," editorializing that the wall was a "senseless idea...just an insipid ploy by a useless alderman who has too much time on his hands and too much of the taxpayers' money at his disposal."[31]

On Friday, May 28, 1993 Evanston Mayor Lorraine H. Morton met with Mayor Richard M. Daley, Stone and top city officials at Chicago City Hall. Stone demanded that Evanston pay for the construction and dismantling of the wall. Hours later, Morton announced that Evanston would drop legal action against Chicago.[32] The next day, Saturday, after discussions with Evanston's corporation counsel and others, Morton announced through a spokesperson that Evanston would continue a two-pronged approach, in court and at the negotiating table.[33] On Tuesday, June 1, 1993 the Evanston City Council voted to continue legal action, to refuse to contribute any funds regarding the wall and to decline to consider making any changes in the shopping center site plan until the wall was removed.[34]

Testimony in the trail began July 25, 1994. City of Chicago Transportation Commissioner Joseph Boyle Jr. and City of Chicago Planning Commissioner Valerie Jarrett both testified the guardrail was erected on Stone's request without any previous traffic or planning studies. A partner with the firm overseeing the shopping center construction testified that in 1992, Stone contacted him about doing the project on vacated property in the Lincoln Village Shopping Center in Chicago on the far North Side, a site due to be re-districted into the 50th ward in 1995.[35] Evanston officials said Stone was just jealous about a new shopping center in Evanston instead of Chicago.[36]

On September 21, 1994 the judge ordered Chicago officials to promptly remove the border barrier, pay all the accompanying costs (estimated at $35,000), and to pay Evanston's legal bills (about $40,000). The judge declared Chicago's Department of Transportation had no authority to unilaterally order its installation, ruling that the passage of a resolution on the issue Stone pushed through the Chicago City Council on March 25, 1993 only authorized the department's commissioner to "give consideration" to a barrier, and not permission to install it. The decision also dismissed a countersuit filed by Chicago that sought to halt construction of the shopping center.[37] The Chicago Tribune editorialized calling the wall "a petty, indulgent waste of money at the people's expense."[38] Chicago officials requested a stay of the judge's orders pending appeal, but the judge denied the stay.[36] Bell and Howell agreed to pay the estimated $35,000 to remove the barrier, and removal started on October 4, 1994. "The party isn't over until the fat man sings, and I'm the fat man," said Stone.[39]

Fearing that traffic from the new Evanston Center shopping plaza would overwhelm 50th ward neighborhood streets, Stone persuaded the Chicago City Council to make Kedzie Avenue one way, northbound only from Touhy Avenue to Howard Street and to make a smaller portion of Sacramento Avenue one way, northbound only. But after the changes were implemented November 10, 1994 Stone's office was deluged with calls. On November 16, 1994 Kedzie was again a two-way street.[40]

On November 3, 1999 the City of Chicago established the Lincoln Avenue TIF district, including the Lincoln Village Shopping Center area.[41]

Sleeping in Council Chambers[edit]

Chicago Alderman Bernard L. Stone (50th) at his desk in Chicago City Council Chambers, January, 2004

A photograph of Stone asleep in Council Chambers during a hearing (on limiting cell phone use while driving) ran on the front page of the Chicago Sun-Times on January 14, 2004.[42] "Some aldermen have a tendency while they're thinking to close their eyes and that may register with their constituency as not paying attention or, perhaps, even sleeping during the session," Stone later explained.[43] Stone fell asleep at his desk in Council Chambers in City Hall during the City Council's Finance Committee debate on the controversial parking meter lease on December 3, 2008, in full view of the press, and was photographed by the press.[44] Stone was videotaped sleeping during a Finance Committee hearing on transparency of the City's tax increment financing program on March 16, 2009.[45][46]

Campaign employees convicted of vote fraud[edit]

On September 4, 2007, speaking from the floor of Council Chambers during a meeting of the Buildings Committee, Stone warned fellow aldermen of an ongoing investigation into absentee balloting.[47]

On January 28, 2008, two paid workers for Stone's 2007 re-election campaign were arrested and charged with improperly steering primarily Indian and Pakistani voters toward absentee ballots for Stone. Anish Eapen, a 37-year-old employee of the city's Streets and Sanitation Department, and a Stone precinct captain, was charged with two counts of official misconduct, three counts of absentee ballot fraud and one count of mutilation of election materials. Eapen worked in tandem with Armando Ramos, 34, an unemployed student. Ramos was charged with two counts of absentee ballot fraud and two counts of mutilation of election materials. Stone accused the state's attorney's office of engaging in a political witch-hunt at the behest of U.S. Rep. Jan Schakowsky. "We know where this all started. We know it's politically based. ... Her [Schakowsky's] aide was soliciting the state's attorney to investigate. It's absolutely a devious political trick," Stone said. Schakowsky denied she had instituted the investigation. [48][49] Bond was set at $50,000 for Eapen and $40,000 for Ramos.[50][51]

City Inspector General David H. Hoffman recommended that Eapen be fired. Eapen was placed on paid administrative leave from his $83,940-a-year job with the city's Streets and Sanitation Department for nearly 2 years. On October 8, 2009 Streets and Sanitation Department Commissioner Tom Byrne found a job for Eapen helping with the tracking of equipment. Stone blamed Byrne's demoted predecessor for allowing Eapen to sit idle, saying "Mike Picardi has no cojones."[52]

On October 24, 2008 Inspector General Hoffman appeared before the Committee on the Budget of the Chicago City Council, of which Stone was a member, during the annual budget hearing process. "It is my intent, Mr. Inspector General, to wipe your entire office out of the budget," Stone told Hoffman. "It is my intent to submit a budget amendment which will destroy your department."[53] Stone's amendment came before the Budget Committee on Monday, November 17, 2008. "He’s come after me and my staff, and I’m going after him, and the only way I have to go after him is to cut his funds," Stone said. Stone's amendment was tabled in committee 14-2.[54][55]

Eapen and Ramos waived their right to trial by jury. In a bench trial, four members of a West Rogers Park family testified that Eapen coaxed them to vote absentee, collected their ballots and then mailed them. The family members said Eapen came to their townhomes and watched them as they filled out the absentee ballot applications and forms for both the 2007 February general election and the run-offs in April 2007. One family member, who wasn't registered to vote, said Eapen filled out her ballot. She signed the ballot, as did all her relatives, but said, "I didn't mark anything."[56][57] Another witness testified that when she told Stone that Ramos filled out her ballot in the 2007 aldermanic run-off, the alderman brushed her off, saying "This meeting is over." Stone commented on the testimony, "I have no recollection of what she is talking about."[58]

Cook County Judge Marcus Salone found Eapen and Ramos guilty on June 24, 2010. Eapen was found guilty on nine different counts, including one count of attempted mutilation of voting materials and eight counts of attempted absentee ballot violations. Ramos was found guilty on 20 different counts, including one count of attempted mutilation of voting materials and 19 counts of attempted absentee ballot violations.[59] On August 4, 2010 Salone sentenced Eapen to 364 days in jail and Ramos to 270 days in jail.[60] Salone said the sentences were like a "kiss," essentially a slap on the wrist. "This is a kiss," Salone said. "I think the evidence is overwhelming. The reality is that Mr. Eapen and Mr. Ramos attempted to steal democracy and they did it in a vicious way." Stone called the case "a witch hunt," called Ramos and Eapen "political prisoners" and compared their crimes to "spitting on the sidewalk." Stone said former city Inspector General Hoffman singled him out in the ballot fraud investigation while failing to probe other aldermen. "They are not the ones who attempted to steal democracy. The one who attempted to steal democracy was David Hoffman," Stone said. "This is a miscarriage of justice."[61][62][63][64]

Committees[edit]

Stone served on 7 different committees in city council. He was the Chairman of the City Council Committee on Buildings. Stone also served on the following committees:

  • Committees of Budget and Government Operations,
  • Finance Committee,
  • Historical Landmark Preservation Committee,
  • Housing and Landmark Preservation Committee,
  • Traffic Control and Safety Committee,
  • Committee on Committees

Loss in 2011 run-off[edit]

In 2008, Illinois State Senator Ira Silverstein ousted Stone as 50th ward committeeman. In a five-way race for Alderman in February, 2011, no candidate garnered 50% plus one of the vote, forcing a run-off in April, 2011.[65][66][67] Silverstein's wife, Certified Public Accountant Debra Silverstein defeated Stone in a run-off with 62% of the vote to 38% for Stone.[68][69] On election night Stone said Silverstein will be “a disaster for this ward. There’s no way I’ll help her. She knows nothing.”[70]

Political philosophy[edit]

"You take care of the people who take care of you – you know, the people who voted for you," Stone said. "That's not Chicago politics, that's Politics 101."[71]

Personal life[edit]

Stone worships at Congregation Ezras Israel and serves on their Board of Directors. Stone also served on the Board of Directors for the Bernard Horwich Jewish Community Center, the Associated Talmud Torahs, and the Jewish National Fund,[citation needed]

In 2003, Stone's son, Jay, launched an unsuccessful attempt to unseat 32nd Ward Alderman Theodore Matlak. Stone publicly supported Matlak, calling his son "an embarrassment" who "doesn't know what he's doing." Despite Jay Stone's overwhelming defeat at the polls, father and son reportedly are still on good terms.[72]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newbart, Dave (2007-11-20). "Friends, family and city aldermen turn out to help mark 80th birthday". Chicago Sun-Times. 
  2. ^ "Chicago has a vice mayor?". Chicago Tonight. WTTW. 2010-04-13. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  3. ^ Crawford, Bob (1983-09-28). "Bob Crawford Audio Archive". University of Illinois at Chicago. Retrieved 2011-05-16. 
  4. ^ Kanady, Johnson (1956-01-19). "File Petitions of Carpentier and Chapman :Governor's Papers Expected Today". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. a5. 
  5. ^ Howard, Robert (1956-02-26). "13 Democrats Scramble for Seats in 8th; Republicans Unopposed, in Primary". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 10. 
  6. ^ Howard, Robert (1956-04-12). "12 Lose Seats in Contests for Assembly". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 10. 
  7. ^ Quinlan, Jim (1988-05-18). "Ex-legislator Esther Saperstein dies". Chicago Sun-Times. 
  8. ^ "233 to Run for City Council". Chicago Daily Tribune. 1963-01-08. p. 10. 
  9. ^ Schreiber, Edward (1963-02-03). "Battle lines are drawn in ward races". Chicago Daily Tribune. 
  10. ^ "State appoints 6 to fill vacancies on county bench". Chicago Tribune. 1973-01-30. p. 2. 
  11. ^ "Dems back sheriff's aide in 50th Ward". Chicago Tribune. 1973-02-26. 
  12. ^ a b Yabush, Donald; Egler, Daniel (1973-05-13). "Candidates, issues in alderman voting". Chicago Tribune. p. 44. 
  13. ^ Yabush, Donald (1973-05-31). "Test of Daley; Parties watching ward elections". Chicago Tribune. 
  14. ^ "5 special elections to be held Tuesday". Chicago Tribune. 1973-06-03. p. 53. 
  15. ^ a b "Berland receives new endorsements". Chicago Tribune. 1973-06-11. 
  16. ^ Lauerman, Connie (1973-05-24). "Lincolnwood-Chicago bridge link brings storm of opposition". Chicago Tribune. 
  17. ^ Schreiber, Edward (1973-06-07). "In 50th, 29th Council foes rejoice over 2 ward runoffs". Chicago Tribune. 
  18. ^ a b Cromie, Bob (1973-06-23). "Ted Berland Sees Chance to Win". Chicago Tribune. 
  19. ^ "Daley council candidates win". Chicago Tribune. 1973-07-04. p. 4. 
  20. ^ Dold, R. Bruce; Crawford, Jan (1987-10-30). "Ald. Stone to Run for Recorder as Republican". Chicago Tribune. p. 7. 
  21. ^ Neal, Steve (1987-10-30). "Ald. Stone joins GOP, plans to run for recorder". Chicago Sun-Times. p. 19. 
  22. ^ Herrmann, Andrew (1987-11-01). "Vrdolyak, Stone slated by GOP". Chicago Sun-Times. p. 7. 
  23. ^ a b Fremon, David (1988). Chicago Politics Ward by Ward. Indiana University Press. pp. 343–353. ISBN 0-253-31344-9. 
  24. ^ Neal, Steve (1988-11-08). "Stone's tactics are unlikely to dim Braun's rising star". Chicago Sun-Times. p. 2. 
  25. ^ Spielman, Fran (1988-11-10). "Ex-Dems are blamed for GOP county losses". Chicago Sun-Times. p. 12. 
  26. ^ Dold, R. Bruce; Seigel, Jessica (1988-12-06). "Daley? Mayoral Field Tries to Look Away". Chicago Tribune. p. 4. 
  27. ^ "The return of the prodigal Stone". Chicago Tribune. 1990-12-10. p. 14. 
  28. ^ "City of Evanston TIF Summaries". Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  29. ^ Hilkevitch, Jon (1993-05-27). "Stonewalled; Alderman fences off his ward from Evanston mall". Chicago Tribune. p. 1. 
  30. ^ Hilkevitch, Jon (1993-05-28). "Aldermen talk; wall still stands". Chicago Tribune. p. 3. 
  31. ^ "Bernie Stone's $150,000 Folly". Chicago Tribune. 1993-05-29. p. 18. 
  32. ^ Hilkevitch, Jon; Kass, John (1993-05-29). "Evanston drops lawsuit on Howard Street 'wall'". Chicago Tribune. p. 5. 
  33. ^ Hilkevitch, Jon (1993-05-30). "Evanston plots demise of barrier". Chicago Tribune. p. 3. 
  34. ^ Hilkevitch, Jon; Cox, Brian (1993-06-02). "Evanston isn't backing down in its wall fight with Chicago". Chicago Tribune. p. 8. 
  35. ^ Fegelman, Andrew (1994-07-26). "Howard St. Barricade Trial Begins". Chicago Tribune. p. 2. 
  36. ^ a b Fegelman, Andrew (1994-09-28). "Judge Holds the Line, Tells City to Tear Down Howard St. Wall". Chicago Tribune. 
  37. ^ Fegelman, Andrew; Stein, Anne (1994-09-22). "City-Evanston Wall to Come Down". Chicago Tribune. p. 1. 
  38. ^ "It's Time to Tear Down Bernie's Folly". Chicago Tribune. 1994-09-23. p. 20. 
  39. ^ Hilkevitch, Jon; Backover, Andrew (1994-10-05). "Disputed 'Stone Wall' begins to come down". Chicago Tribune. 
  40. ^ Hartstein, Larry (1994-11-25). "Alderman Goes with the Flow on Kedzie Traffic; Stone, Council Reverse 1-Way Order". Chicago Tribune. p. 2. 
  41. ^ "Authorization for Approval of Tax Increment Redevelopment Plan for Lincoln Avenue Redevelopment Project Area". Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  42. ^ Black, Bob (2004-01-14). "Do you blame him?". Chicago Sun-Times. 
  43. ^ Spielman, Fran (2004-01-14). "See Council in action – or at rest – on the Net". Chicago Sun-Times. p. 14. 
  44. ^ Arnold, Tony (2008-12-03). "Your Leaders at Work". WBEZ Chicago Public Radio. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 
  45. ^ "Berny Stone: Your Tax Dollars At Rest". Progress Illinois. 2009-03-17. Retrieved 1009-10-31. 
  46. ^ "Ald. Berny Stone "rests his eyes"". YouTube. 2009-03-16. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 
  47. ^ Washburn, Gary; Ciokajlo, Mickey (2007-09-06). "City's absentee ballots probed; Constituents being questioned about election, Stone says". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  48. ^ Spielman, Fran (2008-01-29). "Stone aide tied to ballot fraud – Alderman slams arrest as witch-hunt". Chicago Sun-Times. 
  49. ^ Washburn, Gary (2008-01-29). "Precinct captain for Chicago Ald. Bernard Stone is charged with vote fraud in 2007 aldermanic election; 50th Ward Streets and Sanitation Department superintendent accused of absentee ballot fraud and mutilation of election materials". Chicago Tribune. p. 3. 
  50. ^ Spak, Kara (2008-01-30). "Ward official manipulated absentee votes: prosecutor". Chicago Sun-Times. 
  51. ^ Owen, Mary (2008-01-30). "Official's vote fraud charges are detailed". Chicago Tribune. p. 4. 
  52. ^ Spielman, Fran (2009-10-01). "No work, full pay for alderman 's pal – Stone 's handpicked precinct captain keeps $84,000 salary for almost 2 years while awaiting trial for ballot fraud". Chicago Sun-Times. 
  53. ^ Dardick, Hal (2008-10-24). "Ald. Stone vows to 'destroy' city watchdog agency". Chicago Tribune. 
  54. ^ Dardick, Hal (2008-11-17). "Alderman fails in bid to eliminate inspector general". Chicago Tribune. 
  55. ^ Spielman, Fran (2008-11-17). "Ald. Stone targets inspector general: 'I'm going after him'". Chicago Sun-Times. 
  56. ^ Hussain, Rummana (2009-10-10). "Ward chief filled out my ballot: voter". Chicago Sun-Times. 
  57. ^ Walberg, Matthew (2009-10-10). "Prosecutor alleges pair tainted vote in 50th Ward; Precinct captain, volunteer said to have manipulated absentee ballots, cast absentee votes for Ald. Bernard Stone". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  58. ^ "News in Brief". Chicago Sun-Times. 2009-10-18. 
  59. ^ Swanson, Lorraine (2010-06-24). "Two Former Aides for Ald. Berny Stone Found Guilty". Lake Effect News (ChicagoTalks). Retrieved 2012-01-06. 
  60. ^ "Former City of Chicago Employee Sentenced in Vote Fraud" (Press release). City of Chicago Office of Inspector General. 2010-08-04. 
  61. ^ Hussain, Rummana (2009-08-05). "Jail time for 2 who tried to steer votes to Ald. Stone". Chicago Sun-Times. 
  62. ^ Walberg, Matthew (2010-08-04). "Former political workers sentenced for vote fraud". Chicago Tribune. p. 8. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  63. ^ Swanson, Lorraine (2010-08-04). "Jail Time for Former Aides to Ald. Berny Stone". Lake Effect News (ChicagoTalks). Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  64. ^ Sun-Times Media Wire (2009-08-04). "Two Bernie Stone Operatives Sentenced To Jail for Vote-Getting Efforts, 'Attempting to steal democracy'". Fox News Chicago. Retrieved 2011-03-23. 
  65. ^ Bradley, Ben (2011-02-22). "Stone, Silverstein face runoff for 50th Ward alderman". ABC7 News. 
  66. ^ Dardick, Hal (2011-03-24). "Bitter runoff in 50th Ward". Chicago Tribune. 
  67. ^ Vying for the 50th Ward. Chicago Tonight. 2011-03-22. 
  68. ^ Mihalopoulos, Dan; Clauss, Hunter (2011-04-05). "Runoffs Complete City Council’s Overhaul". Chicago News Cooperative. 
  69. ^ Dellimore, Craig (2011-04-06). "Silverstein’s Victory Ends Stone’s Long Run". CBS Chicago. 
  70. ^ Korecki, Natasha; Esposito, Stefano; Rozek, Dan (2011-04-05). "Silverstein ousts longtime Ald. Stone in 50th Ward". Chicago Sun-Times. 
  71. ^ Zekman, Pam (2009-10-29). "How Do Aldermen Spend Their 'Piggy Bank' Money? Munoz Accused Of Hoarding Funds For Park While Some Residents Demand Improvements". CBS 2 Chicago. 
  72. ^ Joravsky, Ben (2004-05-20). "Stone Rocks the Boat; Somebody's Gonna Be Mad; A Daley stalwart rebels. Could it be the influence of his son the talk-show host?". Chicago Reader. 

External links[edit]