Bertram Raphael

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Bertram Raphael
Bert Raphael 2008.JPG
Born (1936-11-16) November 16, 1936 (age 77)
New York
Residence United States
Fields Artificial intelligence
Institutions SRI International
Alma mater Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Doctoral advisor Marvin Minsky

Bertram Raphael (born 1936) is an American computer scientist known for his contributions to artificial intelligence.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Raphael was born in 1936 in New York. He received his bachelor's degree in physics from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1957. He was a student of Marvin Minsky at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and received his PhD in mathematics in 1964.[1][2]

Career[edit]

Raphael started at SRI International in 1964 as a consultant. After completing his Ph.D. at MIT, he was at the University of California, Berkeley for an academic year, and subsequently joined SRI full time in April 1965.[2] He was a long-time member of SRI's Artificial Intelligence Center, and was its director from 1970 to 1973.[1] While at SRI, he helped invent the A* search algorithm and develop Shakey the robot, which was one of the first projects sponsored by DARPA; Raphael directed work on Shakey from 1970 to 1971.[1][3] He also co-founded the Journal of Artificial Intelligence.[1]

In 1976 he sold the NLS technology developed by the Augmentation Research Center (ARC), led by Douglas Engelbart, to Tymshare.

He was a Senior Fulbright Lecturer in Vienna during 1973 and 1974.

Selected publications[edit]

Books
  • The Thinking Computer: Mind Inside Matter (W.H. Freeman & Company, 1976)
Dissertation
  • SIR (Semantic Information Retrieval program) on the logical representation of knowledge for question-answering systems (MIT, 1964)[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]