Bithynia (gastropod)

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Bithynia
Bithynia tentaculata.jpg
Bithynia tentaculata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda

clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Truncatelloidea

Superfamily: Rissooidea
Family: Bithyniidae
Genus: Bithynia
Leach, 1818[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Bithinia Leach, 1818 (misspelling)
  • Bithynia (Bithynia) Leach, 1818 · accepted, alternate representation
  • Bithynia (Digoniostoma) Annandale, 1920 · accepted, alternate representation
  • Bithynia (Gabbia) Tryon, 1865 · accepted, alternate representation
  • Bithynia (Pseudemmericia) Schlickum, 1968
  • Bulimus Scopoli, 1777 (invalid: placed on the Official Index by ICZN Opinion 475)
  • Bulimus (Bulimus) Scopoli, 1777 (genus invalid: placed on the Official Index by ICZN Opinion 475)
  • Bythinia Stein, 1850 (invalid: unjustified emendation of Bithynia; placed on the Official Index by ICZN Opinion 475)
  • Digyrcidum Locard, 1882
  • Paraelona Beriozkina & Starobogatov, 1994

Bithynia is a genus of small freshwater snails with an operculum, aquatic prosobranch gastropod mollusks in the family Bithyniidae. [2]

The diploid chromosome number of Bithynia sp. from Egypt is 2n=32.[3]

Species[edit]

Glöer (2002)[4] recognized four subnenera Bithynia, Codiella, Neumayria and Parafossarulus within European species. He reassigned two European extinct species of Parafossarulus into a subgenus of the genus Bithynia, but the genus Parafossarulus is generally accepted for the Asian species.[4] The subnenus Digoniostoma is also recognized for Asian species.

Subgenera and species within the genus Bithynia include:

Subgenus Bithynia Leach, 1818

Subgenus Codiella Locard, 1894

Subgenus Neumayria De Stefani, 1887[6]

Subgenus Digoniostoma Annandale, 1920[7]

Subgenus Incertae sedis[12]

Subgenus ?

Synonyms:

  • Bithynia badiella (Küster, 1852): synonym of Pseudobithynia badiella (Küster, 1853)
  • Bithynia bengestensis Fontannes, 1887: synonym of † Tylopoma bengestiensis (Fontannes, 1887)
  • Bithynia brusinai Halaváts, 1903: synonym of † Lithoglyphus acutus decipiens Brusina, 1885
  • Bithynia crassitesta (Brömme, 1883): synonym of † Parafossarulus crassitesta (Brömme, 1883)
  • Bithynia curta Locard, 1893: synonym of † Bithynia glabra helvetica (Wenz, 1930)
  • Bithynia gracilis Sandberger, 1875: synonym of † Bithynia glabra glabra (von Zieten, 1832)
  • Bithynia hamicensis Pallary, 1939: synonym of Pseudobithynia hamicensis (Pallary, 1939)
  • Bithynia labiata Neumayr in Herbich & Neumayr, 1875: synonym of † Neumayria labiata (Neumayr in Herbich & Neumayr, 1875)
  • Bithynia leachi (Sheppard, 1823): synonym of Bithynia leachii (Sheppard, 1823)
  • Bithynia majewsky Frauenfeld, 1862: synonym of Bithynia tentaculata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Bithynia margaritula Fuchs, 1870: synonym of † Pseudamnicola (Pseudamnicola) margaritula (Fuchs, 1870)
  • Bithynia narentana Locard, 1874 : synonym of Bithynia mostarensis Möllendorff, 1873
  • Bithynia pentheri Sturany, 1904: synonym of Pseudobithynia pentheri (Sturany, 1904)[17]
  • Bithynia phaeacina Locard, 1887: synonym of Pseudobithynia renei (Letourneux, 1887)
  • † Bithynia podwinensis Neumayr in Neumayr & Paul, 1875: synonym of † Neumayria podwinensis (Neumayr in Neumayr & Paul, 1875)
  • Bithynia proxima Fuchs, 1870: synonym of † [[Pseudamnicola proxima]] (Fuchs, 1870)
  • Bithynia saulcyi Bourguignat, 1853: synonym of Pseudobithynia saulcyi (Bourguignat, 1853)
  • Bithynia scalaris Fuchs, 1877: synonym of † [[Bythinella megarensis]] Bukowski, 1896
  • Bithynia spoliata Stefanescu, 1896: synonym of † Neumayria spoliata (Stefanescu, 1896)
  • Bithynia stossichiana Locard, 1894: synonym of Pseudobithynia renei (Letourneux, 1887)
  • Bithynia uzielliana Issel, 1866: synonym of Gangetia uzielliana (Issel, 1866)
  • Bithynia vucotinovici Brusina, 1874: synonym of † Neumayria vukotinovici (Brusina, 1874)
  • Bithynia vukotinovici Brusina, 1874: synonym of † Neumayria vukotinovici (Brusina, 1874)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abel C. (1818). Narrative of a journey in the interior of China, and of a voyage to and from that country, in the years 1816 and 1817; containing an account of the most interesting transactions of Lord Amherst's embassy to the court of Pekin, and observations on the countries which it visited. Illustrated by maps and other engravings. pp. i-xvi [= 1-16], 1-420, pl. [1-22]. London. (Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown). Bithynia at page 362.
  2. ^ a b Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2014). Bithynia Leach, 1818. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=182698 on 2014-11-19
  3. ^ Tohamy A. A. & Mohamed S. M. (2006). "Chromosomal studies on two Egyptian freshwater snails, Cleopatra and Bithynia (Mollusca-Prosobranchiata)". Arab J. Biotech. 9(1): 17-26. PDF.
  4. ^ a b Glöer P. (2002). Die Süßwassergastropoden Nord- und Mitteleuropas. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands, ConchBooks, Hackenheim, 326 pp., ISBN 3-925919-60-0, page 190-194.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Species in genus Bithynia (n=13). AnimalBase, accessed 30 December 2012.
  6. ^ Stefani (1876). Atti Soc. Toscana Sci. nat. 2: 165 [nomen novum]; (1877) 3: 322.
  7. ^ Annandale (1920). Indian J. med. Res. 8: 104.
  8. ^ Richter K. & Simonis J. (2012). "Bithynia funiculata". In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 December 2012.
  9. ^ Phongsasakulchoti, P.; Sri-Aroon, P.; Kerdpuech, Y. (2005). "Emergence of Opisthorchis viverrini cercariae from naturally infected Bithynia (Digoniostoma) siamensis goniomphalos". The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health. 36 Suppl 4: 189–191. PMID 16438207.  edit.
  10. ^ a b c Traub, R. J.; MacAranas, J.; Mungthin, M.; Leelayoova, S.; Cribb, T.; Murrell, K. D.; Thompson, R. C. A. (2009). Sripa, Banchob, ed. "A New PCR-Based Approach Indicates the Range of Clonorchis sinensis Now Extends to Central Thailand". PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 3 (1): e367. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000367. PMC 2614470. PMID 19156191.  edit
  11. ^ Richter K. & Simonis J. (2012). "Bithynia siamensis". In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 December 2012.
  12. ^ Yildirim M. Z., Koca S. B. & Kebapçi U. (2006). "Supplement to the Prosobranchia (Mollusca: Gastropoda) Fauna of Fresh and Brackish Waters of Turkey". Turkish Journal of Zoology 30: 197-204. PDF
  13. ^ a b c Glöer P. & Beckmann K.-H. (2007). "Radix lilli n. sp. und drei neue Bithynia-Arten von den Balearen (Gastropoda: Bithyniidae, Lymnaeidae). pp. 163-170. In: Beckmann K.-H.: Die Land- und Süßwassermollusken der Balearischen Inseln. ConchBooks, Hackenheim, 255 pp., ISBN 978-3-939767-05-3.
  14. ^ Glöer P. & Rolán E. (2007). "Bithynia majorcina n. sp., a new species from the Balearics (Gastropoda: Bithyniidae). pp. 159-162. In: Beckmann K.-H.: Die Land- und Süßwassermollusken der Balearischen Inseln. ConchBooks, Hackenheim, 255 pp., ISBN 978-3-939767-05-3.
  15. ^ Madhyastha A. (2012). "Bithynia misella". In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 December 2012.
  16. ^ Allen D. (2012). "Bithynia walkeri". In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 15 March 2014.
  17. ^ Kebapçı U. (2011). "Pseudobithynia pentheri". In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 December 2012.

External links[edit]

  • Glöer P. & Pešić V. (2007). "The Bithynia species from Skadar Lake (Montenegro) (Gastropoda: Bithyniidae)". Mollusca 25(1): 7-12. Dresden.