|Immanuel Western Indonesia Protestant Church|
|Location||Semarang, Central Java|
|Number of floors||2|
|Number of domes||3|
|Number of spires||2|
|Parish||200 families (2004)|
The Immanuel Protestant Church of Western Indonesia (Gereja Protestan Indonesia Barat Immanuel), better known as Blenduk Church (Gereja Blenduk) is a Protestant church in Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. Built in 1753, it is the oldest church in the province.
Architecture and layout
Blenduk Church, at 32 Letjen Suprapto Street in the old town of Semarang, Central Java, is located in a small courtyard between former office buildings. The Jiwasraya building is located to the south, across the street, while the Kerta Niaga offices are to its west.
The octagonal church, built on a stone foundation and with single-layer brick walls, has its ground floor at street level. It is topped by a large, copper-skinned dome, from which it gets its common name; the Javanese word mblenduk means dome. The dome is supported by 32 steel beams, 8 large and 24 small. Two towers, square at the base and slowly rounding until topped with a small dome, are located on either side of the main entrance, while a cornice consisting of horizontal lines runs around the building; Roman-style porticoes covered in saddle-shaped roofs are located on its eastern, southern and western faces. Blenduk also features etched and stained glass windows, as well as wood-panel double doors at the south-facing entrance.
The wooden pews inside Blenduk have rattan seats, while the pulpit is completely made of wood and located on an octagonal platform made of teak. A nonfunctional Baroque pipe organ from the 1700s is also located inside. The floor is covered in black, yellow, and white tiles. In the northern part of the interior is a spiral staircase, etched with name of its manufacturer, Pletterij den haag (Rolling Mill, The Hague), which leads to the second floor.
Blenduk was established in 1753; the initial building had a joglo-style. Although meant for Protestants, Catholics also used it until the first Catholic church in the city, in Gedangan, was built.
The church was later rebuilt in 1787. Another re-imagining, spearheaded by H.P.A. de Wilde and W. Westmas, began work in 1894. During this renovation, the dome and two towers were added. Another series of renovations began in the early 2000s. As of 2004, the church has 200 families in its congregation and holds regular Sunday services; it is also a tourist attraction.
In February 2009, Blenduk received an award for Best Maintained Old Place of Worship from the Central Java branch of the Architects' Society of Indonesia.
- Suherdjoko 2003, 'Blenduk' church in Semarang.
- Semarang City Government, Gereja Protestan Indonesia.
- Gower 2009, Semarang's old city.
- ASEAN Committee on Culture and Information, Blenduk Church.
- Widiarto 2003, Butuh Setahun untuk Renovasi.
- Taufiqurrahman 2004, Semarang: 'Little Holland'.
- Suara Merdeka 2009, Gereja Blenduk Raih.
- "Blenduk Church". ASEAN Committee on Culture and Information. Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
- "Gereja Blenduk Raih Penghargaan" [Blenduk Church Receives an Award]. Suara Merdeka (in Indonesian). 23 February 2009. Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
- "Gereja Protestan Indonesia Barat / GPIB Immanuel - Gereja Blenduk" [Immanuel Protestant Church of Western Indonesia / PCWI - Blenduk Church] (in Indonesian). Semarang City Government. Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
- Gower, Simon Marcus (27 March 2009). "Semarang's old city: A fading reminder of former glories". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
- Suherdjoko (13 July 2003). "'Blenduk' church in Semarang celebrating its 250th year". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
- Taufiqurrahman, M. (29 August 2004). "Semarang: 'Little Holland' tries to came alive". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
- Widiarto, Arie (23 December 2003). "Butuh Setahun untuk Renovasi "Blenduk"" [It Takes a Year to Renovate "Blenduk"]. Suara Merdeka (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
Media related to Blenduk Church at Wikimedia Commons