Location in Blount County and the state of Alabama
|• Total||5.5 sq mi (14.2 km2)|
|• Land||5.4 sq mi (14.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||712 ft (217 m)|
|• Density||311/sq mi (120.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0114510|
Blount County was created by the Alabama territorial legislature on February 6, 1818, from land ceded to the federal government by the Creek Nation on August 9, 1814. It was named for Gov. Willie G. Blount of Tennessee, who provided assistance to settlers in Alabama during the Creek War of 1813-14. It lies in the northeastern section of the state, generally known as the mineral region.
What became Blountsville appears on an 1819 map as the mixed Creek/Cherokee Indian village of "Wassausey" (meaning Bear Meat Cabin, the name of an Indian translator who lived there). The town was established by Caleb Fryley and Johnny Jones in 1816 as Bear Meat Cabin. The post office was opened as Blountsville on October 20, 1825, and incorporated on December 13, 1827. It was the county seat until 1889 when the government was moved to Oneonta.
There were many schools in the town in the early years: The Academy, Blount College and the District Agricultural School, plus the public schools. The Blount County Courthouse and jail was built in 1833 and remained there until it was moved to Oneonta. A major crossroads in early Alabama, Blountsville became a Confederate depot for the cavalry. Confederate forces led by General Nathan Bedford Forrest and Union forces led by General Abel Streight skirmished briefly in the town on May 1, 1863, and Major General Lovell H. Rousseau and his Union cavalry occupied the town in July 1864. Blount College was in the building that was originally the courthouse. It was established in 1890. The beautiful Blountsville United Methodist Church was established in 1818 and is still in use today.
The oldest building in Blountsville was once known as the Barclift House. Built in 1834 as Hendricks Tavern, it is now owned and is being restored by the Ortiz family.
The Copeland-Bussey House, built c. 1835, is one of the oldest structures in northeast Alabama. The building has been stabilized by the Alabama Historic Preservation Alliance and the Blountsville Historical Society.
The Freeman House, built circa 1825, was damaged by a storm, and the two-story brick dwelling was rebuilt, using the same bricks, into a one story. The porches face the historic Meat Cabin Road, and the other porch faces U.S. Highway 231. An annual reenactment is held on the grounds. The structure has been renovated by the Blountsville Historical Society and now serves as a museum and visitors' center on a part-time basis. During the reenactment it is furnished with period furnishings and is open to the public for tours.
The Thomas Nation House, circa 1835, is now a ruin due to a storm that took all but one and one half walls down in 1998 before the house could be stabilized. The ruins can still be seen from U.S. Highway 231.
Blountsville is also home to the Spring Valley Beach Water Park, one of the few water parks in the lower Sand Mountain area. Spring Valley Beach contains one of the largest swimming pools in the South and seven water slides. It is also home to the 360 Rush water slide, the only one of its kind in the world.
Geography and transportation
Blountsville is located in northern Blount County, in the Blountsville Valley at the intersection of County Highway 26 and U.S. Highway 231. Route 231 leads south 6 miles (10 km) to Cleveland and 14 miles (23 km) to Oneonta, the county seat, and north 50 miles (80 km) to Huntsville. Alabama Highway 79 runs through the southern corner of Blountsville, leading northeast to Guntersville and southwest to Birmingham.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Blountsville has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14.2 km2), of which 5.4 square miles (14.0 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 1.27%, is water.
J.B. Pennington High School (PHS) and Blountsville Elementary School (BES), the town's only two schools, are located in the center of Blountsville. They are both in the Blount County School District.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,768 people, 743 households, and 479 families residing in the town. The population density was 326.4 people per square mile (125.9/km2). There were 853 housing units at an average density of 157.5 per square mile (60.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 89.5% White, 0.8% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.20% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. 16.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 743 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $24,432, and the median income for a family was $34,050. Males had a median income of $27,847 versus $18,869 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,426. About 19.3% of families and 25.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.4% of those under age 18 and 28.8% of those age 65 or over.
- Davis, Robert S. A Blountsville Picture Book. Blountsville: Blountsville Historical Society, 1999.
- "Blountsville, Alabama: a Case Study in the Use of the R. G. Dun & Company Credit Reports, 1847-1880." Alabama Review 56 (2003): 125-35.
- Owen, Thomas McAdory. History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1921.
Toulmin's Digest, 1823.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Blountsville town, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.