Blumea

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For the journal, see Blumea (journal).
Blumea
Blumea balsamifera Blanco2.403-cropped.jpg
Sambong (Blumea balsamifera)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Inuleae
Genus: Blumea
DC. 1883 , conserved name, not Rchb. 1828 (Malvaceae) nor G. Don 1831 (Actinidiaceae)
Type species
Blumea balsamifera
(L.) DC.
Synonyms[2]

Blumea is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the Asteraceae family.

Characteristics[edit]

Genus Blumea is found in the tropical and sub-tropical zones of Asia, especially the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. A few species are found in Australia and still fewer in Africa.[2][3]

The plants of this genus are mostly relatively small weeds.[4] Some of them are ruderal species.

A few of the species were formerly included in genus Conyza.

Many species of genus Blumea are used in traditional Chinese medicine. Other uses include as decorative dry plants.

Blumea balsamifera (Nat; หนาด) is reputed to ward off spirits in Thai folklore, and is used in Philippines herbal medicine as well.

Blumea mollis[5] leaf essential oil contains linalool (circa 19%), γ-elemene (c.12%), copaene (c.11%), estragole (c.11%), allo-ocimene (c.10 %), γ-terpinene (8%) and allo-aromadendrene (c.7 %). The essential oil had significant toxic effect against early fourth-instar larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus with LC50 = 71.71 and LC90 = 143.41 ppm.[6]

Other uses of the name[edit]

Blumea is also the name of the Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Plant Geography published by the National Herbarium of the Netherlands.[7]

Species[edit]

accepted species[2]
  1. Blumea adamsii
  2. Blumea adenophora
  3. Blumea amplectens
  4. Blumea angustifolia
  5. Blumea arabidea
  6. Blumea arfakiana
  7. Blumea arnakidophora
  8. Blumea aromatica
  9. Blumea atropurpurea
  10. Blumea axillaris
  11. Blumea balsamifera - sambong, naat (หนาด)
  12. Blumea barbata
  13. Blumea belangeriana
  14. Blumea benthamiana
  15. Blumea bicolor
  16. Blumea bifoliata
  17. Blumea borneensis
  18. Blumea braunii
  19. Blumea brevipes
  20. Blumea bullata
  21. Blumea cabulica
  22. Blumea cafra
  23. Blumea canalensis
  24. Blumea celebica
  25. Blumea chevalieri
  26. Blumea chinensis
  27. Blumea clarkei - Clarke blumea (七里明)
  28. Blumea confertiflora
  29. Blumea conspicua
  30. Blumea crinita
  31. Blumea densiflora
  32. Blumea dentata
  33. Blumea diffusa
  34. Blumea diplotricha
  35. Blumea duclouxii
  36. Blumea eberhardtii
  37. Blumea elatior
  38. Blumea emeiensis
  39. Blumea eriantha
  40. Blumea fistulosa
  41. Blumea formosana
  42. Blumea henryi
  43. Blumea heudelotii
  44. Blumea hieraciifolia - hawkweed leaf blumea (毛毡草)
  45. Blumea hossei
  46. Blumea incisa
  47. Blumea integrifolia
  48. Blumea intermedia
  49. Blumea junghuhniania
  50. Blumea korthalsiana
  51. Blumea lacea
  52. Blumea lacera - Malay blumea, kakronda (红头草)
  53. Blumea laciniata - cutleaf false oxtongue (走马风)
  54. Blumea laevis
  55. Blumea lanceolaria
  56. Blumea lecomteana
  57. Blumea linearis
  58. Blumea longipes
  59. Blumea malcolmii
  60. Blumea manillensis
  61. Blumea martiniana
  62. Blumea membranacea
  63. Blumea milnei
  64. Blumea mindanaensis
  65. Blumea moluccana
  66. Blumea napifolia
  67. Blumea obliqua
  68. Blumea oblongifolia
  69. Blumea obovata
  70. Blumea oloptera
  71. Blumea oxyodonta - spiny leaved blumea
  72. Blumea paniculata - mharbir (Hindi)
  73. Blumea pannosa
  74. Blumea papuana
  75. Blumea psammophila
  76. Blumea pubigera
  77. Blumea pungens
  78. Blumea ramosii
  79. Blumea repanda
  80. Blumea riparia
  81. Blumea sagittata
  82. Blumea saussureoides
  83. Blumea saxatilis
  84. Blumea scabrifolia
  85. Blumea scapigera
  86. Blumea sessiliflora
  87. Blumea sikkimensis
  88. Blumea sinuata
  89. Blumea stenophylla
  90. Blumea subalpina
  91. Blumea sumbawensis
  92. Blumea tenella
  93. Blumea tenuifolia
  94. Blumea thorelii
  95. Blumea timorensis
  96. Blumea vanoverberghii
  97. Blumea venkataramanii
  98. Blumea veronicifolia
  99. Blumea vestita
  100. Blumea viminea
  101. Blumea virens
  102. Blumea viscosa - clammy false oxtongue
  103. Blumea volkensii
  104. Blumea zeylanica

Bibliography[edit]

  • John Lindley & Thomas Moore, The treasury of botany

References[edit]

  1. ^ illustration circa 1880 from Francisco Manuel Blanco (O.S.A.) - Flora de Filipinas, Gran edicion
  2. ^ a b c Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
  3. ^ Flora of China Vol. 20-21 Page 829 艾纳香属 ai na xiang shu Blumea Candolle, Arch. Bot. (Paris). 2: 514. 1833.
  4. ^ Oudhia, P., S. S. Kolhe, and R. S. Tripathi. "Allelopathic effect of Blumea lacera L. on rice and common kharif weeds." Oryza 35.2 (1998): 175-177.
  5. ^ Blumea mollis
  6. ^ Senthilkumar A, Kannathasan K, Venkatesalu V.,"Chemical constituents and larvicidal property of the essential oil of Blumea mollis (D. Don) Merr. against Culex quinquefasciatus." Parasitol Res. 2008 Sep;103(4):959-62
  7. ^ Blumea - Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Plant Geography, National Herbarium of the Netherlands
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Catalan Wikipedia.

External links[edit]