Boötes void

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A map of the Boötes void

The Boötes void or the Great Void[1] is a huge and approximately spherically shaped region of space, containing very few galaxies. It is located in the vicinity of the constellation Boötes, hence its name. Its center is located at approximately right ascension 14h 50m and declination 46°.[2] Coordinates: Sky map 14h 50m 0s, +46° 0′ 0″

Description[edit]

At nearly 250 million light-years in diameter[3] (approximately 0.27% of the diameter of the visible universe), or nearly 236,000 Mpc3 in volume, the Boötes void is one of the largest known voids in the universe, and is referred to as a supervoid. Its discovery was reported in Robert Kirshner et al. (1981), as part of a survey of galactic redshifts. The center of the Boötes void is approximately 700 million light years from Earth.[4]

Other astronomers soon discovered that the void contained a few galaxies. In 1987, J. Moody, Robert Kirshner, G. MacAlpine, and S. Gregory published their findings of eight galaxies in the void.[5] M. Strauss and John Huchra announced the discovery of a further three galaxies in 1988, and Greg Aldering, G. Bothun, Robert P. Kirshner, and Ron Marzke announced the discovery of fifteen galaxies in 1989. By 1997, the Boötes void was known to contain 60 galaxies.

According to astronomer Greg Aldering, the scale of the void is such that "If the Milky Way had been in the center of the Boötes void, we wouldn't have known there were other galaxies until the 1960s."[6]

The Hercules Supercluster forms part of the near edge of the void.[2]

Origins[edit]

There are no apparent inconsistencies between the existence of the Boötes void and the Λ-CDM model of cosmological evolution.[7] It has been theorized that the Boötes void was formed from the merger of smaller voids, much as soap bubbles coalesce to form larger bubbles. This would account for the small number of galaxies that populate a roughly tube-shaped region running through the middle of the void.[6]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Science News Galaxy map reveals the limits of cosmic structure Ron Cowen August 12, 2000
  2. ^ a b Kirshner, Robert P.; Oemler, Augustus, Jr.; Schechter, Paul L.; Shectman, Stephen A. "A survey of the Bootes void" (PDF) Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X), vol. 314, Mar. 1, 1987, p. 493-506. Bibcode1987ApJ...314..493K doi:10.1086/165080
  3. ^ "A Spongy Universe". Retrieved 2011-05-04. 
  4. ^ http://www.acceleratingfuture.com/michael/blog/2006/04/the-bootes-void/
  5. ^ "Emission-line galaxies in the Bootes void". March 1987. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  6. ^ a b "Filling the void - understanding the formation of the Bootes void in intergalactic space - Brief Article". Discover magazine. August 1995. Archived from the original on 2007-11-19. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 
  7. ^ "Cosmic_Voids" Retrieved on June 10, 2013

References[edit]

External links[edit]