Bolívar Echeverría

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Bolívar Echeverría Andrade
Born 31 January 1941
Riobamba, Ecuador
Died 5 June 2010(2010-06-05) (aged 69) (heart failure)
Mexico City, Mexico
Era Contemporary philosophy
Region Latin America
School Marxism · Frankfurt School
Main interests Political Economy, Literary Theory, Cultural History, Political Philosophy, Marxism, History of art
Notable ideas Historical ethos, capitalist circulation, four ethe of modernity: baroque ethos, realist ethos, romantic ethos, classical ethos, civilizatory crisis
Influences
Influenced

Bolívar Echeverría (Riobamba, Ecuador, 1941 – Mexico City, Mexico, June 5, 2010) was a philosopher, economist and cultural critic, born in Ecuador and later nationalized Mexican. He was professor emeritus on the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).

Life and work[edit]

Echeverría studied in Germany (Free University of Berlin) and Mexico. He participated on the German student movement in the late 1960s, establishing friendship and long-lasting collaboration with its leaders, including Rudi Dutschke.[1] On 1970, he started permanent residence in Mexico, where he lived as a translator, also continuing his studies on philosophy and economics. Later on, he developed a seminar on Marx's Das Kapital, which lasted six years and included intensive systematic readings of the book. Since then he became an academic of the Faculties of Philosophy and Economics on the UNAM, where he founded several magazines on culture and politics, such as Cuadernos Políticos (Political Notebooks) (1974–1989); Palos de la Crítica (roughly translated as Sticks of the Critique) (1980–1981); Economía Política (Political Economy) (1976–1985) and Ensayos (Essays) (1980–1988). He was also part of the Editorial Board of magazines like Theoria (Theory) (since 1991); and Contrahistorias. La otra mirada de Clío (since 2003).[2]

His investigations where mainly (and broadly) concerned on: the ontological problems of existensialism, especially in Sartre and Heidegger; Marxian critique of political economy, focusing on the contradiction between Use value and Exchange value; and a contemporary development of critical theory and the Frankfurt School, including cultural and historical phenomena of Latin America. From this standpoint, Echeverría formulated a rigorous critique of postmodernity, with which he developed his theory of capitalist modernity and the baroque ethos, a form of cultural resistance in Latin America. He also wrote extensively on the fundamental contradictions of modernity as a civilizatory process and explored the possibilities of what he called an alternative modernity, in other words, a non-capitalist modernity.

Echeverría received several prices for his scholarship, including: Premio Universidad Nacional a la Docencia (México,1997), Premio Pio Jaramillo Alvarado (FLACSO-Quito, 2004) and Premio Libertador Simón Bolívar al Pensamiento Crítico (Caracas, 2006).

He died in Mexico City on June 5, 2010, of a heart attack, as a result of several blood pressure complications.[3]

Major works[edit]

  • El discurso crítico de Marx, México: Era, 1986.
  • Conversaciones sobre lo barroco, México: UNAM, 1993.
  • Circulación capitalista y reproducción de la riqueza social. Apunte crítico sobre los esquemas de K. Marx, México: UNAM / Quito: Nariz del diablo, 1994.
  • (comp.), Modernidad, mestizaje cultural y ethos barroco, México: UNAM / El Equilibrista, 1994.
  • Las ilusiones de la modernidad, México: UNAM / El equilibrista, 1995.
  • Valor de uso y utopía, México: Siglo XXI, 1998.
  • La modernidad de lo barroco, México: Era, 1998.
  • Definición de la cultura, México: Itaca, 2001.
  • (comp.), La mirada del ángel. Sobre el concepto de la historia de Walter Benjamin, México: Era, 2005.
  • Vuelta de siglo, México: Era, 2006.
  • Modernidad y blanquitud, México: Era, 2010.

(There are no English translations of any of his works)

Works on Bolívar Echeverría[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ¿Quién es Bolívar Echeverría?
  2. ^ "200 Mexicanos que nos Heredó el Mundo". Paralelo 21 (Instituo Nacional de Migración/ Centro de estudios migratorios.). 2010. p. 118. ISBN 978-607-7891-02-4. "Las 200 personalidades incluidas aquí destacaron por sus notables contribuciones a México. Todas ellas nacieron en el exterior y se arraigaron en el país por diversos motivos y razones...." 
  3. ^ Falleció Bolívar Echeverría, voz crítica de la modernidad capitalista

External links[edit]