Bridgegate, Chester

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Bridgegate, Chester
Bridgegate.jpg
Bridgegate from the south
Location Between Lower Bridge Street and the Old Dee Bridge, Chester, England
Coordinates 53°11′10″N 2°53′21″W / 53.1862°N 2.8893°W / 53.1862; -2.8893Coordinates: 53°11′10″N 2°53′21″W / 53.1862°N 2.8893°W / 53.1862; -2.8893
OS grid reference SJ 406 658
Built 1781
Built for Chester City Corporation
Architect Joseph Turner
Architectural style(s) Neoclassical
Listed Building – Grade I
Designated 28 July 1955
Reference no. 470315
Bridgegate, Chester is located in Cheshire
Bridgegate, Chester
Location in Cheshire

Bridgegate in Chester, Cheshire, England, forms part of the city walls. It is designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[1]

History[edit]

The Roman city walls were extended to the south in the 12th century with a wall parallel to the north bank of the River Dee. This section of the wall incorporated the original Bridgegate which must have been built by the 1120s, as the office of sergeant of the gate was recorded in that decade. The gate guarded the southern entrance to the town; the road from North Wales ran through the gateway directly after crossing the Old Dee Bridge. It is possible that the gateway was rebuilt at the time the bridge was rebuilt in the later part of the 14th century.[2] Between 1521 and 1624 the bridge tolls were controlled by the Talbot family, the Earls of Shrewsbury, whose town house, now the Bear and Billet, was nearby.[3]

At the end of the 15th century the bridge consisted of a Gothic arch with a tower on each side. In 1600–01 a square tower was added which contained machinery for lifting river water into the town. This was known as John Tyrer's Water Tower, after its builder, but the tower was destroyed in the siege of Chester in 1644–65. The present bridge was built in 1781 for Chester City Corporation, the architect being Joseph Turner.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Bridgegate is built in yellow sandstone ashlar in neoclassical style and consists of a segmental arch over the carriageway with a round pedestrian archway in each abutment. Along its top are balustraded parapets on each side of the footpath.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b English Heritage, "The Bridgegate, Chester (1376320)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Ward, Simon (2009), Chester: A History, Chichester: Phillimore, pp. 37, 39, ISBN 978-1-86077-499-7 
  3. ^ a b Thacker, A. T.; Lewis, C. P. (eds.) (2005), Major buildings: City walls and gates, A History of the County of Chester: The City of Chester: Culture, Buildings, Institutions, 5 (2), pp. 213–225, retrieved 18 August 2009 

External links[edit]