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San Diego Clippers
Los Angeles Clippers
|Arena||Buffalo Memorial Auditorium|
|City||Buffalo, New York|
|Team colors||Blue, Red, White & Gold; (1970-71)
Orange, Black and White (1971-72)
Columbia Blue, Black, and White (1973-1978)
|Owner(s)||Paul Snyder (1970–1977)
John Y. Brown, Jr. (1976–1978)
Harry T. Mangurian, Jr. (1977–1978) (minority partner)
|General manager||Eddie Donovan (1970–1975)|
|Head coach||Dolph Schayes (1970–1972)
Johnny McCarthy (1972)
Jack Ramsay (1972–1976)
Tates Locke (1976–1977)
Bob MacKinnon (1977)
Joe Mullaney (1977)
Cotton Fitzsimmons (1977–1978)
The Buffalo Braves were an American professional basketball franchise based in Buffalo, New York that played in the Atlantic Division of the National Basketball Association (NBA) from 1970 until 1978. In 1978, Braves owner John Y. Brown swapped franchises with then-Boston Celtics owner Irv Levin, who then moved the team to San Diego, California, where it was renamed the San Diego Clippers (following another move, in 1984, it became the Los Angeles Clippers).
The Braves were one of three NBA expansion franchises that began play in the 1970–71 season (the others being the Portland Trail Blazers and Cleveland Cavaliers). They played their home games at the Buffalo Memorial Auditorium, sharing the arena with another new franchise, the National Hockey League (NHL)'s Buffalo Sabres, who also debuted in 1970. In addition, from 1971–75, the Braves played a total of 16 home games at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto in the hopes of expanding their fan base beyond Western New York and into the Greater Toronto Area (a similar strategy has been employed by the National Football League (NFL)'s Buffalo Bills since 2008). The NBA had two previous teams in Western New York, the Rochester Royals and the Syracuse Nationals; these teams are now the Sacramento Kings and Philadelphia 76ers.
The team's first head coach was Hall of Famer Dolph Schayes and the franchise's first star players were Bob Kauffman and Don May, who were acquired in the 1970 NBA Expansion Draft. However, in the NBA Draft of 1970, Buffalo passed on hometown hero Calvin Murphy, a 5-foot-9 point guard from Niagara University. Murphy would eventually be inducted into the Hall of Fame. As is typical of first-year expansion teams, the Braves finished with a dismal record, 22–60, seven games ahead of the Cavaliers, their expansion cousins, who finished at 15–67. Kauffman, who averaged 4.3 points per game the previous year with the Chicago Bulls, led Buffalo in scoring with 20.4 points per game and earned a spot on the 1971 NBA Eastern Conference All-Star team.
The Braves repeated their 22–60 record in the 1971–72 season, but did make good acquisitions that would make the club better. Buffalo drafted center Elmore Smith from Kentucky State University and local favorite Randy Smith from Buffalo State College. Johnny McCarthy replaced Schayes one game into the season as the team's head coach.
1972–73 & 1973–74 seasons
The team did slightly worse in the 1972–73 season, as it went 21–61 under new head coach Dr. Jack Ramsay. The Braves' big move that season was drafting forward/center Bob McAdoo from North Carolina. The team finally made its first playoff appearance in 1973–74, in which it faced the Boston Celtics in the first round and lost in six games. That season, McAdoo posted averages of 30.6 points and 15.1 rebounds; this is the last time any player has averaged at least 30 points and 15 rebounds in the same NBA season. Also, that season, the Braves rookie Ernie DiGregorio won Rookie of the Year.
1974–75 & 1975–76 seasons
In 1974–75, McAdoo was awarded the NBA Most Valuable Player Award, averaging 34.5 points, 14.1 rebounds. and 2.12 blocks per game, while shooting 51.2 percent from the field and 80.5 percent from the free-throw line. The Braves made trips to the playoffs in both 1974–75 and 1975–76, the latter of which would be their last playoff berth playing in Buffalo.
By the summer of 1976, the team's founding owner Paul Snyder was doing all he could to sell the team. The June 15, 1976 issue of Buffalo's Courier-Express blasted the headline "Braves Go to Florida, Leaving 'Hockey Town'". Snyder had a handshake deal to sell the team for $6.1 million to hotel owner Irving Cowan, who would move the Braves to the Hollywood Sportatorium outside of Miami, Florida. However, the city of Buffalo filed a $10 million damage suit to block the move. The sale eventually fell through and the Braves and the city signed a new 15-year Memorial Auditorium lease in July with a provision that the lease could be voided if the team did not sell 5,000 season tickets in any season. Later that summer, Snyder finally sold 50 percent of the franchise to businessman John Y. Brown, Jr., who had previously owned the Kentucky Colonels of the American Basketball Association (ABA). Brown later acquired the remaining half from Snyder sometime in the 1976–77 season; he, in turn, sold a percentage of the team to another businessman, Harry T. Mangurian, Jr.. However, a provision in the transaction stipulated that if Brown sold the contract of any Braves player, then the money would go to Snyder and the purchase price would be reduced. This subsequently occurred when the Braves sent McAdoo to the New York Knicks for players and cash midway through the 1976–77 season.
Before the first game in the 1976–77 season the Braves also managed to acquire eventual Hall-of-Fame center Moses Malone from Portland. However, after just two games in which he played a total of six minutes, he was traded to Houston for two draft picks. He would finish the season averaging 13 points and 13 rebounds while only two years later winning his first of three MVP Awards.
Because of the team's poor play in its final two years (30–52 in 1976–77 and 27–55 in 1977–78), along with rumors of the franchise relocating because of low season ticket sales, John Y. Brown met with Irv Levin, who then owned the Celtics, and negotiated a deal in which the owners would swap franchises, with Brown taking control of the Celtics and Levin getting the Braves. Levin was a California businessman, and wanted to own an NBA team in his native state. However, he knew the NBA would not even consider letting him move the Celtics. He was therefore very receptive to Brown's offer. The deal was brokered by NBA general counsel David Stern, who became the league's commissioner in 1984. Following what would be the Braves' final season in Western New York, the NBA owners voted 21–1 to let the team relocate. As Levin wanted, he became owner of a team in San Diego after the 1977–78 season, which became the San Diego (now Los Angeles) Clippers. As part of the transaction, the teams traded most of the players on their rosters. It could therefore be argued that the successor to the Braves franchise are the Boston Celtics.
For the franchise's first season (1970–71) team colors were blue, red & gold; home white uniforms featured lettering and striping in only red & gold, with road uniforms being blue, also with red & gold lettering and striping. In the second season, (1971–72) color scheme was changed to only orange and black, with now familiar "feather B" logo featured on uniforms that had diagonal stripes across both jerseys and shorts (predominant color on the road being orange). This scheme was kept one more season (1972–73) and, with the 1973–74 season, the team adopted another new color scheme of Columbia blue and white, with uniforms including black accents outlining the lettering and also striping on jerseys and shorts; they continued with these uniforms until the team was moved to California. (Despite the new color scheme, the logo - which no longer appeared on the uniforms - remained the black and orange "feather B").
|League Champions||Conference Champions||Division Champions||Playoff Berth|
|Season||Team||League||Conference||Division||Regular Season||Post-season results|
|Conf. Finish||Div. Finish||Wins||Losses||Win%||GB|
|1973–74||1973–74||NBA||Eastern||Atlantic||4th||3rd||42||40||.512||14||Lost Conference Semifinals to Boston Celtics, 2–4|
|1974–75||1974–75||NBA||Eastern||Atlantic||3rd||2nd||49||33||.598||11||Lost Conference Semifinals to Washington Bullets, 3–4|
|1975–76||1975–76||NBA||Eastern||Atlantic||5th||2nd||46||36||.561||8||Won First Round vs. Philadelphia 76ers, 2–1
Lost Conference Semifinals to Boston Celtics, 2–4
- Buffery, Steve (2004-11-03). "The road was paved". Toronto Sun. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
- "Buffalo Braves 1971–72 Game Log and Scores". Retrieved 2008-02-28.
- Peter May (22 May 2012). "Freaky Friday, N.B.A. Style: When the Clippers Were the Celtics". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 May 2013.